Cases reported "Lymphoma"

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1/267. Signet-ring cells in a Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinaemia.

    A case of signet-ring cell lymphoma affecting bone marrow is reported. The patient was diagnosed as Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinaemia on the basis of clinical and laboratory features including morphology, immunohistochemistry and gene rearrangement studies. light microscopy examination showed cells contained large globular inclusions (signet-ring cells) that stained for kappa immunoglobulin light chain by immunohistochemistry. In addition, the neoplastic cells expressed the common leukocyte antigen CD45 and the B cell marker CD19. This to the best of our knowledge is the first report of a patient with Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinaemia with the presence of vacuolated signet ring- cells in the bone marrow. Differential diagnosis arises with non-haemopoietic tumours and this needs to be based on specific immunostaining. Tumours and this need to be based on specific immunostaining.
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2/267. Bone marrow examinations as final clue to diagnosis of hypercalcemia: report of two cases.

    Two young men with severe hypercalcemia in association with renal failure (one acute and one chronic) are reported in whom usual diagnostic tests failed to reveal an etiology, and the final diagnoses were given by bone marrow examinations. Early bone marrow examinations in specific patients with hypercalcemia of undetermined origin sometimes are vital as shown by our two patients.
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3/267. Autologous bone marrow transplantation for recurrent malignant lymphoma after liver transplantation.

    BACKGROUND: Cancer chemotherapy in chronic carriers of hepatitis b virus is known to promote viral replication, and, when immunosuppressive treatment is stopped, the return of immune competence can be followed by a fulminant hepatitis. liver transplantation may be required and has been successfully performed for this condition. However, malignancy recurrence after transplantation has not been reported yet. methods AND RESULTS: We here report the case of an asymptomatic hepatitis B surface antigen carrier who developed a malignant lymphoma, which was treated by chemotherapy. After cessation of chemotherapy, he developed a fulminant hepatitis, requiring liver transplantation. Three years later, he developed a recurrent malignant lymphoma, which was treated successfully by autologous bone marrow transplantation. In order to prevent viral replication, lamivudine and intermittent administration of fresh-frozen plasma highly concentrated in anti-HBs immunoglobulin was initiated before the bone marrow transplantation. The patient remains well 12 and 56 months after autologous bone marrow and liver transplantation, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This experience suggests that all hepatitis B surface antigen-positive patients for whom chemotherapy is indicated would benefit from prophylactic antiviral hepatitis b virus therapy. Furthermore, successful autologous bone marrow transplantation is possible after liver transplantation.
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4/267. Malignancies in pediatric patients with ataxia telangiectasia.

    BACKGROUND: patients with ataxia telangiectasia (AT), known to have an inherent increased susceptibility to the development of cancer, may present with malignancies that are unusual for the patient's age, are often difficult to diagnose clinically and radiographically and respond poorly to conventional therapy. MATERIALS AND methods: We reviewed the clinical presentation and imaging studies of 12 AT patients who developed malignancies. RESULTS: Eight of the twelve patients developed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (CNS, thorax, bone), two developed Hodgkin's disease, and two were diagnosed with gastrointestinal mucinous adenocarcinoma. CONCLUSION: The lymphomas were commonly extra nodal, and infiltrative rather than mass-like. The recognition of the tumors was often delayed due to confusion with the known infectious complications in AT patients.
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5/267. Recurrent intranodal palisaded myofibroblastoma with metaplastic bone formation.

    Intranodal palisaded myofibroblastoma (IPM) is a rare primary nonlymphoid tumor of the lymph node, which can easily be mistaken for other spindle cell tumors. Intranodal palisaded myofibroblastoma is thought to arise from intranodal myofibroblasts, a finding that is supported by its immunophenotype, positive immunostaining for actin and vimentin, and negative immunostaining for desmin. Characterized by a benign clinical course, IPM is treated by simple surgical excision. We describe a 49-year-woman, who had cadaveric renal transplantation in 1992 and recurrent IPM 41/2 years after its original excision. To our knowledge, this case represents only the second known case of recurrent IPM. The histologic feature of metaplastic bone formation in this case has not been previously described in IPM.
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6/267. temporal bone tumours in patients irradiated for nasopharyngeal neoplasm.

    radiation-associated tumours are rare complications of radiotherapy. This study seeks to highlight and discuss the clinically challenging problem of radiation-associated tumours (rats) in the temporal bones of seven patients previously irradiated for nasopharyngeal neoplasm. Seven patients (six males and one female) with radiation-associated temporal bone tumours are presented (five squamous cell carcinomas, one osteogenic sarcoma and one chondrosarcoma). The initial nasopharyngeal disease for which radiotherapy was indicated was nasopharyngeal carcinoma (six patients) and nasopharyngeal lymphoma (one patient). The latency period between radiotherapy and presentation of temporal bone tumours ranged from five years to 30 years with a mean of 12.9 years. All the patients underwent surgical tumour resection. Three patients had post-operative radiotherapy and one patient underwent pre- and post-operative chemotherapy. Two patients died from the disease within three months of treatment with one patient surviving 36 months at the time of writing. One patient died from an unrelated medical condition three months after surgery. With refinement in radiotherapy techniques and the resultant increase in patient survival, there may be more patients with radiation-associated tumours in the future. It remains imperative for clinicians to be vigilant when patients previously irradiated for nasopharyngeal carcinoma present with otological symptoms as the key to the successful management of this condition lies in the early detection and expedient treatment of this difficult disease.
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7/267. Monomorphic agranular natural killer cell lymphoma/leukemia with no Epstein-Barr virus association.

    The conceptual view of natural killer (NK) cell malignancies has recently undergone a significant evolution. The majority of such diseases are associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), while only a limited number of EBV-negative cases has been reported. We report an unusual case of NK cell lymphoma/leukemia showing a monomorphic histology, absence of intracytoplasmic azurophilic granules, and no EBV association. The patient was a 57-year-old woman who died 26 months after the diagnosis. autopsy revealed tumor infiltration in the liver, spleen, lymph node, blood, and bone marrow. There was no involvement of the skin or nasal cavity throughout the clinical course. The tumor showed the monotonous proliferation of medium-sized cells without intracytoplasmic azurophilic granules. Phenotypic analysis showed CD2 , CD3/Leu4-, cytoplasmic CD3epsilon , CD4-, CD5-, CD7 , CD8-, CD16-, CD38 , CD56 , CD57-, TdT-, granzyme B-, and TIA1 phenotype. There were no detectable rearrangements of T cell receptor genes or immunoglobulin heavy chain genes. Furthermore, there were no EBV-encoded small RNAs. These findings provide information to improve the understanding of poorly defined entities, i.e. aggressive NK cell lymphoma/leukemia and blastic NK cell lymphoma/leukemia.
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8/267. Reconstruction of the hip abductors after resection of the proximal femur.

    Three patients with malignant bone tumors of the proximal femur underwent implantation of an endoprosthesis with reconstruction of the joint capsule and hip abductors using artificial mesh.
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9/267. Acute leukemia following prolonged cytotoxic agent therapy.

    1. Nine patients in whom acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia (ANLL) developed following prolonged alkylating agent therapy are described. Five of the patients received no radiotherapy. The conditions treated were: Hodgkin's disease (four patients), primary amyloidosis, primary macroglobulinemia, malignant lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and carcinoma of the tonsil. 2. Prior to the advent of chemotherapy, this complication was not observed in large series of patients with lymphoproliferative disorders and multiple myeloma. However, the medical literature now contains at least 125 other detailed reports of ANLL developing after prolonged cytotoxic agent therapy. 3. multiple myeloma and Hodgkin's disease, both of which commonly have good responses to chemotherapy, predominate as the underlying diseases. However, 35% of the case reports involve patients with other illnesses, including 12 patients who did not have neoplasms. 4. More than half of the patients developing ANLL have received chemotherapy alone without radiotherapy. 5. At least half of the patients developing ANLL experienced long periods of significant cytopenia during therapy, often with documentation of bone marrow dysplasia. 6. The wide variety of drugs associated with this complication suggests that any cytotoxic agent may be leukemogenic. However, alkylating agents overwhelmingly predominate as the class of compounds which are most often associated with terminal ANLL. 7. The vast majority of patients reported in the literature with ANLL complicating underlying malignancies have received cytotoxic drugs for prolonged periods (median 3 1/2 years) and leukemia developed most commonly 3 to 5 years after the diagnosis of the underlying disease. Most of these patients benefited from therapy and survived longer (median 5 years) than historical control of untreated patients. 8. The leukemogenic potential in man of prolonged cytotoxic agents therapy, especially with alkylating agents, seems to be well established. This evidence admonishes against the prolonged use of these drugs in non-fatal disorders. 9. More accurate assessment of risk: benefit ratios awaits the results of prospective controlled studies. The results of these studies could also lead to significant modifications in recommendations for long-term maintenance therapy with cytotoxic agents.
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10/267. EBV infection induced transformation of benign T lymphoproliferative state in patient with chronic active EBV infection into malignant lymphoma: implication of EBV infection as additive oncogenic factor in tumorigenesis.

    An 11-year-old girl with chronic EBV (Epstein-Barr virus) infection, who later developed malignant lymphoma in the lung, is reported. She had an increased number of V alpha2, V beta8, CD3, CD4, and HLADR positive activated lymphocytes (20-30% of total lymphocytes) in peripheral blood. One year later, she developed lymphoma in the lung, which was V alpha2, V beta8, CD3, CD4, HLADR and IL2Rbeta positive. At that time, the population in the peripheral blood increased up to 40%, but there was no evidence of lymphoma in the bone marrow. in situ hybridization revealed lymphoma cells were EBER-1 positive but gp350/220 and LMP mRNA negative. The EBV genome was detected in the tumor, but not in the peripheral T cells. Clonal analysis of the lymphoma cells revealed monoclonal rearrangement of the TcRbeta and gamma gene, however, investigation of the terminal repeat of EBV gene did not show the monoclonal pattern. These results indicate that infection of EBV into clonally activated T cells was related with transformation from benign lymphoproliferative disease to malignant lymphoma in this patient.
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