Cases reported "Mandibular Fractures"

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1/301. Unusual dental injuries following facial fractures: report of three cases.

    We report 3 cases of unusual dental injuries following facial fractures. The first patient sustained intrusion of a maxillary incisor into the nasal cavity following a mandibular fracture. The tooth dislocated into the pharynx and was found lodged in the piriform fossa during surgery. The second patient sustained intrusion of molars into the maxillary sinus following maxillary and mandibular fractures. His treatment was delayed due to life-threatening hemorrhage. The third case involved ingestion of multiple avulsed teeth into the alimentary tract following severe maxillofacial fractures. Although the diagnosis was made more than a week after the injury, the patient did not suffer any complications as a result of the dental avulsion. The aim of this report is to emphasize the possibility of associated dental injuries in patients with facial fractures. The trauma surgeon should be cognizant of the importance of carrying out a thorough intraoral examination during the initial evaluation. Any missing tooth should be considered as possibly displaced into other tissue compartments, and must be routinely searched for with x-rays of the skull, cervical spine, chest, and abdomen. If full intrusion injury is suspected, further diagnostic investigation with facial computed tomography scanning may be worth while.
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ranking = 1
keywords = fracture, skull
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2/301. Orthodontic fixation of mandibular fracture: a case report.

    The present case illustrates a nonsurgical method of fixing a minimally displaced mandibular fracture with use of an easily prepared orthodontic appliance. This method offers several advantages for both the attending staff and the patient.
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ranking = 0.5555526928705
keywords = fracture
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3/301. Bilateral reflex fracture of the coronoid process of the mandible. A case report.

    Bilateral fractures of the coronoid process of the mandible occurred following a blow to the left temporal region in an assault. There was no evidence of direct trauma and the zygoma and other facial bones were intact. The probable cause was acute reflex contraction of the temporalis muscles leading to bilateral stress coronoid fractures. Conservative management was followed by complete resolution of symptoms.
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ranking = 0.6666632314446
keywords = fracture
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4/301. eosinophilic granuloma: a case report with pathologic fracture.

    Approximately 10% to 20% of all cases of eosinophilic granuloma occur in the jaws. A palpable mass with or without pain is the most frequent presenting clinical feature. Less common clinical signs include gingivitis, loose teeth, and oral ulceration with poor healing. We report a case of monostotic mandibular eosinophilic granuloma in a 38-year-old woman that initially manifested mandibular body fracture, an unusual and poorly documented clinical sign for this disease. The clinical and radiographic features, differential diagnosis, and treatment plan of the case are presented.
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ranking = 0.5555526928705
keywords = fracture
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5/301. Telemedical experiences at an Antarctic station.

    Wintering-over in Antarctica represents a physician's most remote and inaccessible scenario, apart from a space station. Because of the harsh and unpredictable winter weather, Antarctic stations are typically inaccessible for over six months of the year. telephone and fax communication, and recently other forms of telemedicine, have provided vital links to specialists. The author was the sole physician for more than 250 people wintering-over during the 1995 austral winter at McMurdo Station. There were several instances of serious or life-threatening illness where the author relied on teleconsultation. These cases included new-onset coronary artery disease, posterior hip dislocation, complicated colles' fracture and acute appendicitis. There were also numerous consultations for non-emergency clinical presentations normally managed by specialists. telemedicine was a crucial link to specialists from the remote and inaccessible environment of Antarctica.
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ranking = 0.1111105385741
keywords = fracture
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6/301. Distraction of scarred soft tissue before secondary bone grafting. A case report.

    Mandibular distraction was performed to restore oral function in a 52-year-old man with tongue cancer, in whom a mandibular fracture developed after marginal resection of the mandible. The fracture caused the mandibular dental arch to be shorter than the maxillary arch. An external fixation device was attached to the collapsed mandible. The mandibular soft tissue was expanded by 32 mm. After gradual distraction, a vascularized iliac bone graft was transferred to the lengthened space. Subsequently, vestibuloplasty was performed and implants were inserted. A normal appearance, acceptable occlusion and satisfactory oral function were achieved.
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ranking = 0.2222210771482
keywords = fracture
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7/301. Management of a gunshot wound to the face resulting in a mandibular body fracture with burying of a bicuspid crown into the tongue.

    Gunshot wounds to the maxillofacial region are unpredictable and run the gamut from minor injuries to severe mutilating and life threatening injuries. This patient although unfortunate to have been the victim of mistaken identify resulting in the gunshot wound, was fortunate that the bullet hit his bicuspid, which probably served to deflect its path away from vital structures, thus saving his life. This accounts for the buried bicuspid crown found in the midline of the body of the tongue. Rigid internal fixation of maxillofacial fractures minimizes risks to the airway that may occur if patients are in post-operative maxillo-mandibular fixation during the post-anesthetic recovery phase. In addition, the use of rigid internal fixation speeds up the recovery and the patient's ability to return to function after surgery. Above, we presented an interesting case of a mandibular anterior body fracture resulting from a gunshot wound in the face and resulting in the burying of a bicuspid crown in the substance of the tongue, treated under general nasoendotracheal anesthesia and the use of rigid internal fixation (EDCP).
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ranking = 0.6666632314446
keywords = fracture
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8/301. Unilateral comminuted and complicated fracture of the mandible due to dog attack.

    Fractures of the mandible and their management are discussed in detail in textbooks and articles dealing with facial trauma. This paper presents the management and treatment of a case of a unilateral comminuted and complicated fracture of the mandible due to dog attack on a geriatric patient. The attack also severed the patient's right arm. Due to the severity of the trauma, an emergency surgery was performed on the mandible and arm.
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ranking = 0.5555526928705
keywords = fracture
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9/301. Mandibular fracture resulting from dog bite: report of a case.

    The diagnosis and management of a fractured mandible of a 4-year old child has been presented. A brief review of the literature is given. The remarkable aspect of the case is its reported cause of dog bite. The patient was managed conservatively by closed reduction, and use of Oliver loops. The maxillomandibular fixation was lost on the 11th postoperative day. At that time, no mandibular deviation or limitation of movement was noted. Further immobilization was not deemed necessary. During a three-month follow-up period, no complications occurred.
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ranking = 0.5555526928705
keywords = fracture
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10/301. Unilateral mandible fracture with bilateral TMJ dislocation.

    temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation occurs when the condylar head slips forward causing the posterior articulating surface of the condyle to advance ahead of the articular eminence, possibly becoming entrapped. Following dislocation, the ligaments around the joint often stretch, causing severe muscle spasms and joint pain. There is no standard evaluation and treatment method for acute TMJ dislocation, but the most effective course is immediate reduction. This paper presents a 42-year-old woman who sustained a unilateral mandible fracture with bilateral TMJ dislocation in an automobile crash. Although the fracture was apparent on plane film and panorex, the dislocation was not found until six weeks later, when the jaw was unwired. At that time, the dislocation was suspected because of decreased range of motion, but was not verified until an MRI was performed. The result was long-term therapy, eventual bilateral TMJ surgery, and chronic TMJ pain for the patient.
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ranking = 0.6666632314446
keywords = fracture
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