Cases reported "Mandibular Neoplasms"

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1/113. Follicular carcinoma in ectopic thyroid gland. A case report.

    Ectopic thyroid rest can be seen anywhere along the path of descent of the gland. The most ectopic thyroid tissue is a thyroglossal duct cyst associated with normal thyroid gland. Sublingual location is less common than a lingual ectopia. True malignant transformation in ectopic thyroid tissue is extremely rare. Such a malignancy is virtually always diagnosed only after surgical excision of the lesion at pathological examination. This report discusses a case of ectopic thyroid follicular carcinoma in the right submandibular region in the absence of orthotopic thyroid, discovered by chance after the surgical excision performed for a preoperative ultrasonically and cytologically misdiagnosed submandibular gland adenocystic carcinoma. The possible aetiology of such an unusual anatomical relationship is discussed as well as the importance of thyroid scanning, ultrasound and/or CT in neck lumps.
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2/113. Primary leiomyosarcoma of the mandible in a 7-year-old girl: report of a case and review of the literature.

    leiomyosarcoma is a malignant neoplasm of smooth muscle origin that manifests itself uncommonly in the oral cavity because of the paucity of smooth muscle in that location. To the best of our knowledge, only 10 cases of leiomyosarcoma primary to the jawbones have been reported in the English language literature. We report the first pediatric case of leiomyosarcoma arising from the mandible. facial asymmetry and swelling were accompanied by a rapidly growing exophytic soft tissue mass that caused buccal displacement of the mandibular left permanent first molar. The lesion, observed radiographically as an extensive ill-defined area of osteolytic alveolar destruction, perforated the lingual cortex, displaced the inferior alveolar nerve canal inferiorly, and produced a "floating-in-air" appearance of the first molar. diagnosis of leiomyosarcoma was made after initial incisional biopsy of the lesion. A 5-cm segmental mandibulectomy and supraomohyoid neck dissection were followed by reconstruction with a dynamic mandibular reconstruction plate and placement of a multidimensional mandibular distraction device in a transport rectangle of bone to promote bifocal distraction osteogenesis. Forty millimeters of distraction (the technical limit of the device) were performed; this was followed by terminal iliac crest bone grafting. Seventeen months after the definitive surgical procedure, the patient remains free of disease.
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3/113. Metastatic thyroid carcinoma of the mandibule.

    A case of metastatic papillary carcinoma to the mandible is presented. Though relatively rare, metastatic tumours of the mandible should be included in the differential diagnosis of the tumours in the parotid region. For the primary site; being in the cervicofacial region, the thyroid gland must be considered by the head and neck surgeon.
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4/113. Reconstruction of the pediatric maxilla and mandible.

    BACKGROUND: The creation of osseous defects in the upper and lower jaws in children is an uncommon occurrence. It is therefore likely that a head and neck reconstructive surgeon will accumulate only limited experience in restoring such defects. We have reviewed 7 pediatric bone-containing microvascular free flap reconstructions in 6 patients for reconstruction of the upper or lower jaws. Three patients were available for long-term follow-up to evaluate the effect of osseous free flap reconstruction on function and growth and development of the donor site. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Academic tertiary referral center for otolaryngology. patients AND methods: Six pediatric patients ranging in age from 8 to 16 years underwent 2 fibular, 4 scapular, and 1 iliac free flap procedure for restoration of 2 maxillary and 5 mandibular defects from 1992 to 1997. Three of the 6 patients were available for long-term follow-up to assess the postoperative donor site function in an effort to determine the effect of this surgery on long-term donor site morbidity and development. RESULTS: Two patients were lost to follow-up, and 1 died secondary to complications related to distant metastatic disease. Three of 6 patients were observed for 2 years 6 months, 4 years, and 4 years 2 months, respectively. Two of the 3 patients who were observed long term have undergone full dental rehabilitation and currently maintain a regular diet and deny pain with mastication or deglutition. One patient did not require dental rehabilitation. All 3 patients demonstrate gross facial symmetry and normal dental occlusion. Assessment of the fibular donor site demonstrated normal limb length and circumference. The patients denied pain or restriction to recreational activity. Scapular donor sites demonstrated normal range of motion, strength, and shoulder stability. CONCLUSIONS: Free flap reconstruction of the pediatric maxilla and mandible requires harvesting bone from actively growing donor sites. We have found no evidence of functional deficit after bone harvest from the fibular or scapular donor sites. patients demonstrate normal growth at the donor sites, and symmetry of the mandible and maxilla is preserved.
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5/113. Angiosarcoma of the mandible: a case report and review of the literature.

    Angiosarcoma is a rare malignancy that is characterized by endothelial cell differentiation. In the head and neck area, most of these lesions arise in the scalps of elderly individuals. Less commonly, angiosarcomas can be found within bone. The purpose of this report is to describe an example of angiosarcoma involving the floor of the mouth and right body of the mandible. The histopathologic and immunopathologic features of these lesions are also reviewed.
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6/113. Ewing's sarcoma of the head and neck.

    CONTEXT: Ewing's sarcoma is a rare neoplasm, which usually arises in long bones of the limbs and in flat bones of the pelvis, with the involvement of head and neck bones being very unusual. CASE REPORT: a case of Ewing's sarcoma occurring in the mandible of a 35-year-old female. pain and swelling of the tumor were the main complaints. The early hypothesis was an undifferentiated malignant neoplasm, possibly a sarcoma. The CT scan depicted an expansive lesion, encapsulated, with septa and characteristics of soft tissue, involving the left side of the mandible and extending to the surrounding tissues. The patient underwent surgical excision of the lesion, the definitive diagnosis of Ewing's sarcoma was established, and the patient commenced on radiotherapy.
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7/113. An interim extraoral prosthesis used for the rehabilitation of a patient treated for osteoradionecrosis of the mandible: a clinical report.

    In patients with tumors of the head and neck, ionizing radiation delivered in dosages that will kill cancer cells induces unavoidable changes in normal tissue. Bone cells and vascularity may be irreversibly injured, leaving devitalized bone susceptible to the development of osteoradionecrosis. This clinical report describes the fabrication of an acrylic/rubber prosthesis retained by an orthodontic headgear. The prosthesis was used to improve the mastication, speech, and saliva control of a patient treated for osteoradionecrosis of the mandible.
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8/113. hemangioendothelioma of the mandible in a newborn infant - diagnostic and treatment approach of a rare vascular tumor.

    Infantile hemangioendotheliomas are rare vascular tumors with predominant involvement of the soft tissues of the extremities. The occurence in the head and neck region and in particular intraoral occurence is extremely rare. The tumor is believed to be a neoplasm of borderline malignancy. We report a case of a 5-months old infant presenting with a hemangioendothelioma with extensive bony destruction of the mandible. Following surgical resection of the tumor with segmental mandibular resection primary mandibular reconstruction was performed using a rib graft being a useful compromise solution for primary mandibular reconstruction in young infants.
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9/113. Mandibular metastasis from renal cell carcinoma. A case report.

    Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) metastasizing to the mandible and subsequently spreading to oropharynx in a 62 year old man is reported. The patient presented with solitary mandibular lesion with hematuria, which on further investigation was diagnosed to be RCC with no other systemic involvement. Clinical manifestation of the mandibular metastasis from RCC is rarely seen. A case is reported and literature regarding extracranial head and neck metastasis by RCC is reviewed.
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10/113. Ultrasound features of osteosarcoma of the mandible--a first report.

    Ultrasound imaging is becoming widely used in the head and neck region as a first-line investigation to assess soft tissue swellings. Clinicians should be aware of the potential of diagnostic ultrasound to identify important signs of malignant disease involving bone.Involvement of the mandible by osteosarcoma is uncommon. A young adult patient presented with facial swelling and an apparently infected lower third molar extraction socket. Subtle signs were missed on dental radiographs. Diagnostic ultrasound investigation was pivotal in identifying sinister signs: namely, soft tissue mass associated with bone thinning, erosion, expansion, and the "sunray" appearance of the buccal cortex, which were suggestive of osteosarcoma. These findings enabled priority to be given to subsequent investigations using other modalities. We present a first report of the ultrasound features of osteosarcoma of the mandible and consider this to be a useful modality in an initial investigation.
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