Cases reported "Mandibular Neoplasms"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/229. Mandibular metastasis in a patient with endometrial cancer.

    Gynecologic cancers metastatic to bone are a rare entity, and a metastasis to the mandible at initial presentation is even more infrequently seen. We present a case of a 71-year-old woman with stage IV endometrial cancer with a metastasis to the mandible, with no other sites of distal spread apparent. The endometrial tumor was a FIGO grade III adenocarcinoma. The pathologic evaluation of the mandibular lesion revealed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma with focal squamous differentiation. She was treated with a total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, radiation therapy to the mandible, and chemotherapy consisting of Taxol and carboplatin for six cycles. She had a complete response, but 10 months after the original diagnosis developed spinal cord compression and progressive disease in the pelvis. patients in good clinical condition with a single bone metastasis should be treated aggressively, as survival can be extended.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = cancer
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/229. leiomyosarcoma presenting as a mandibular gingival swelling: a case report.

    We report a case of primary low-grade leiomyosarcoma of the mandible in an otherwise healthy young woman. The neoplasm presented as a painful, pericoronal gingival swelling that mimicked an acute periodontal infection. It was managed accordingly, with curettage, debridement, and antibiotics. When the lesion failed to respond to this treatment approach, a biopsy was performed. microscopy revealed a malignant mesenchymal neoplasm which, on immunohistochemistry analysis, demonstrated reactivity for smooth muscle actin (SMA) and vimentin. This established the diagnosis of leiomyosarcoma; subsequently, an en bloc resection of mandibular bone and overlying soft tissue was performed. Close follow-up for over 10 years has revealed no evidence of recurrent or metastatic disease. Since the patient was taking oral contraceptives prior to the onset of the lesion, a possible link between estrogen and smooth muscle tumors is considered.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 17.881876779592
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/229. Primary leiomyosarcoma of the mandible in a 7-year-old girl: report of a case and review of the literature.

    leiomyosarcoma is a malignant neoplasm of smooth muscle origin that manifests itself uncommonly in the oral cavity because of the paucity of smooth muscle in that location. To the best of our knowledge, only 10 cases of leiomyosarcoma primary to the jawbones have been reported in the English language literature. We report the first pediatric case of leiomyosarcoma arising from the mandible. facial asymmetry and swelling were accompanied by a rapidly growing exophytic soft tissue mass that caused buccal displacement of the mandibular left permanent first molar. The lesion, observed radiographically as an extensive ill-defined area of osteolytic alveolar destruction, perforated the lingual cortex, displaced the inferior alveolar nerve canal inferiorly, and produced a "floating-in-air" appearance of the first molar. diagnosis of leiomyosarcoma was made after initial incisional biopsy of the lesion. A 5-cm segmental mandibulectomy and supraomohyoid neck dissection were followed by reconstruction with a dynamic mandibular reconstruction plate and placement of a multidimensional mandibular distraction device in a transport rectangle of bone to promote bifocal distraction osteogenesis. Forty millimeters of distraction (the technical limit of the device) were performed; this was followed by terminal iliac crest bone grafting. Seventeen months after the definitive surgical procedure, the patient remains free of disease.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 8.9409383897958
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/229. neurilemmoma of the mandible.

    Intraosseous neurilemmoma is rare, representing less than 1% of benign primary bone tumors. The site most commonly involved is the mandible. We report on a neurilemmoma of the mandible in a 30-year-old woman. A panoramic radiograph of the mandible showed a well-defined unilocular osteolytic lesion with a thin uniform sclerotic margin located in the body of the mandible. The CT scan confirmed a well-defined osteolytic lesion with thinning of the cortex of the body of the left side of the mandible. Histologically, the lesion was a moderately cellular neoplasm with distinct palisading and numerous Verocay bodies. Ultrastructurally, the cytoplasmic membranes were distinct and coated by amorphous bands of basal lamina. Complete excision was achieved by removing the tumor from the inferior alveolar nerve.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 8.9409383897958
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/229. Metastatic neuroblastoma with ganglioneuromatous differentiation and mandibular involvement.

    Neuroblastic tumors comprise neuroblastoma (NB), ganglioneuroblastoma, and ganglioneuroma (GN). NBs have shown remarkable differentiation capabilities, which include spontaneous regression. In the last 3 decades, the prognosis for metastatic NB has improved significantly. The ability to distinguish prognostic subtypes based on clinical and biologic features allows for understanding of this disease process and development of management procedures. NBs are often asymptomatic and remain undetected until a large abdominal mass or metastasis is found. GN, the most differentiated variant, is a benign neoplasm with significant growth potential and ability to cause clinical complications. GN of the mandible has seldom been reported in the literature in English. We present a case of NB metastatic to the mandible exhibiting ganglioneuromatous differentiation. We discuss the current understanding of the biology, grading, classification, and prognostic implications of NB.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 8.9409383897958
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/229. The styloid or "Eagle" syndrome: an unexpected consequence.

    The development and pathogenesis of the elongated styloid process with a calcified stylohyoid ligament are reviewed and discussed. A case report is presented to demonstrate that, although the related symptoms may be mild, unless the patient is aware of the cause of the discomfort, a "cancerophobia" may cause great emotional distress.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = cancer
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/229. Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor. A histologic, histochemical, fluorescent, and ultrastructural study.

    A previously unreported calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT; Pindborg tumor) occurring in a Negro patient is presented. Only 12 per cent of these neoplasms have been found in nonwhite patients. Ultrastructural and histochemical studies indicated that the amorphous, acellular, eosinophilic substance present within the tumor was not amyloid. The presence of only sparse calcifications is an unusual histologic variant. No relationship between neoplasm and reduced enamel epithelium could be demonstrated.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 17.881876779592
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/229. Phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor-induced rickets.

    We describe two prepubertal girls with oncogenic rickets. The first patient, 9 years of age, presented with recent-onset lower-extremity pain. The second girl, presented at 4 years of age following a 9-month period of muscle weakness, bone pain, and poor linear growth. Laboratory analyses in both patients revealed hypophosphatemia and hyperphosphaturia; elevated circulating alkaline phosphatase activity was present in one of them. Radiographic evidence of a generalized rachitic process was evident in both cases. Computerized tomography of the paranasal sinuses and facial bones in patient 1 revealed a small lesion eroding through the inner table of the left mandibular ramus. Microscopic examination of this mass revealed a spindle cell neoplasm with chondroid material, dystrophic calcification, and both osteoclast-like and fibroblast-like cells. Prominent vascularity and marked atypia were present. These features are consistent with a phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor of the mixed connective tissue variant. In the second patient, computerized tomography revealed a lytic lesion located in the right proximal tibia, with histologic features consistent with a phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor of the nonossifying fibroma-like variant. Resection of each tumor resulted in rapid correction of the phosphaturia and healing of the rachitic abnormalities. A careful search for small or occult tumors should be carried out in cases of acquired phosphaturic rickets.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 8.9409383897958
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/229. Intraosseous angiolipoma of the mandible.

    A case of intraosseous angiolipoma, one of the rarest benign tumors of bone, is reported. This tumor represents an example of an intraosseous neoplasm consisting of both blood vessels and fat. To our knowledge, such a tumor of the mandible has not been reported previously.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 8.9409383897958
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/229. Periosteal benign osteoblastoma of the mandible. Report of a case and review of the literature pertaining to benign osteoblastic neoplasms of the jaws.

    A case of periosteal benign osteoblastoma arising in the mandible of a Caucasion male aged 9 years is presented. A review of the literature has produced 24 additional benign osteoblastic neoplasms of the jaws which have been delineated as osteoblastoma or osteoid osteoma. There seems to be a predilection for these lesions to occur in males and in the mandible. Osteoblastomata occur most frequently in patients under 20 years of age whereas osteoid osteomata arise mainly in persons over 25 years of age.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 44.704691948979
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Mandibular Neoplasms'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.