Cases reported "Mast-Cell Sarcoma"

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1/5. Mast cell sarcoma with tissue eosinophilia arising in the ascending colon.

    Mast cell sarcoma is a rare disease. We report an unusual case of this neoplasm arising in the ascending colon of a 32-year-old Japanese woman who presented with abdominal pain. An ulcerating mass in the colon was resected, along with enlarged mesenteric lymph nodes. Two years after surgery, the neoplasm recurred as left cervical lymphadenopathy and an intra-abdominal mass. Despite predonine and radiation therapy, the disease progressed, and the patient died. The tumor cells had abundant fine granular or clear cytoplasm, and oval, lobulated, or indented nuclei. Numerous mature eosinophils were intermingled with the tumor cells. Immunohistologic studies on paraffin sections demonstrated that the majority of the tumor cells were strongly positive for CD45RB, CD68, and mast cell tryptase. They were unreactive, however, with a broad spectrum of antibodies against myelomonocytic and lymphocytic antigens. The mast cell nature of this rare type of tumor can be best identifiable by immunostains for mast cell tryptase.
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ranking = 1
keywords = sarcoma
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2/5. Temporary response of localized intracranial mast cell sarcoma to combination chemotherapy.

    Cerebral involvement of systemic mastocytosis and intracranial sarcoma of myelogenic origin are well known entities. An 8-year-old girl with an isolated cerebral mast cell tumor is presented. Specific histopathologic stains were used to confirm the diagnosis detecting immunophenotype and proliferative activity. Treatment with irradiation, intrathecal cytarabine, and interferon-alpha2b did not induce regression whereas polychemotherapy did. Systemic combination chemotherapy led to marked transient tumor regression in this proliferating mast cell sarcoma in an unusual intracranial location.
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ranking = 1.2
keywords = sarcoma
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3/5. Aggressive systemic mastocytosis.

    Systemic mastocytosis is a rare and occasionally aggressive condition that raises major diagnostic challenges. We report a case in a 72-year-old patient in whom the diagnosis of malignant mastocytosis required two bone marrow smears and three bone marrow biopsies examined using specific staining techniques. Despite interferon therapy, a mast-cell sarcoma of the sternum developed 1 year after symptom onset, followed 1 year later by acute myeloblastic leukemia, which was rapidly fatal.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = sarcoma
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4/5. Morphologic and immunophenotypic properties of neoplastic cells in a case of mast cell sarcoma.

    Mast cell sarcoma is an extremely rare and aggressive type of mast cell disease. Only a few cases have been described so far, and little is known about the biology and phenotype of afflicted cells. We describe morphologic and immunophenotypic properties of neoplastic mast cells in a case of an intracranial mast cell sarcoma. In Wright-Giemsa-stained cytospin preparations, the morphology of dispersed cells appeared to be highly atypical with a considerable percentage of metachromatic blasts and mast cells with bilobed or multilobed nuclei. Combined toluidine blue/immunofluorescence staining revealed expression of CD13, CD45, CD88, CD116, and CD117 (c-KIT) on neoplastic mast cells. As assessed by immunohistochemistry, mast cells were immunoreactive for tryptase and CD68R, In contrast, the CD2 antigen that is expressed in mast cells in patients with indolent systemic mastocytosis was not detectable. mast cells also failed to display the c-KIT mutation Asp-816-Val, which is typically found in systemic mast cell disorders. Together, neoplastic mast cells in a case of mast cell sarcoma were found to exhibit unique morphologic, phenotypical, and molecular features when compared with mast cells in indolent mastocytosis or normal tissue mast cells.
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ranking = 1.4
keywords = sarcoma
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5/5. Mast cell sarcoma of the larynx.

    A 74 year old woman presented with a primary subglottic tumour. Neither cutaneous mastocytosis (urticaria pigmentosa) nor spread to the bone marrow, liver, or spleen were detected. About two years after initial manifestation of the tumour nodular skin metastases appeared, as well as local recurrence in the larynx. Despite chemotherapy and radiation the disease progressed and was fatal. The terminal phase was characterised by generalisation of the mast cell tumour with diffuse infiltration of bone marrow and, shortly before death, leukaemic transformation. The patient died four years after onset of disease with symptoms of a hemorrhagic diathesis. As far as we know this is the first case of mast cell sarcoma to be reported in man.
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ranking = 1
keywords = sarcoma
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