Cases reported "Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms"

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1/40. Angiosarcoma of the maxillary sinus.

    Angiosarcomas are rapidly growing malignant neoplasms arising from the vascular endothelial cells. Most common sites are the extremities and the retroperitoneal space, with only four per cent of angiosarcomas arising in the head and neck area, whilst the paranasal sinuses are one of the rarest locations. We report the case of a maxillary sinus angiosarcoma in a 72-year-old male patient. The first biopsy was inconclusive, whereas the second revealed an angiosarcoma. Medial maxillectomy was performed with subsequent external irradiation.
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2/40. Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma of the maxilla.

    Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma (MC) is a rare tumour, with a predilection for the head and neck region. We describe a case of mesenchymal chondrosarcoma arising in the right maxilla extending to the basi-sphenoid. Its computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and histopathological features and the management are presented. We also reviewed the literature of reported cases involving the maxilla.
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3/40. Radiographic evaluation of malignant fibrous histiocytoma affecting maxillary alveolar bone: a report of 2 cases.

    OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the radiographic findings of malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) and to discuss the contribution of these findings to a differentiation of MFH from other malignant tumors of the head and neck. STUDY DESIGN: Two cases of MFH of the maxillary sinus affecting the alveolar bone were evaluated radiographically and scintigraphically. RESULTS: We reported the following findings, which have only seldom been described: the presence of fairly well-demarcated bone destruction in the intraoral radiograph; the relatively smooth surface, uniform density, or no necrotic area of the tumor; in computed tomograph images showing the clear separation of the tumor from surrounding soft tissues; bone scintigraphs reflecting the periosteal reaction to tumor invasion; and lymphoscintigraphy of the metastatic lymph nodes. CONCLUSION: We evaluated the radiographic findings from 2 cases of MFH and describe findings that may aid in the differentiation of MFH. These radiographic features may help dentists differentiate MFH from other malignant tumors in the head and neck, although MFH is a rare disease and there are no radiographic findings that would indicate a specific diagnosis of MFH.
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4/40. Cystic schwannoma of the maxillary sinus.

    OBJECTIVE: Although 25-45% of all schwannomas are reported to occur in the head and neck region, nasal cavity and paranasal sinus involvement is rare, with 32 such cases described till 1999. Of these cases, only three were cystic. Herein we present a cystic schwannoma of the maxillary sinus of a 66-year-old, otherwise healthy male patient. methods: The tumor tissue was routinely processed, embedded in paraffin, and stained with H&E. Immunostaining was performed for S-100 protein, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) and cytokeratin. RESULTS: A mass with sudden enlargement, inhomogeneous enhancement with cystic areas, S-100 positive membrane-like structures lining the cystic cavity of an otherwise classical schwannoma were the main features encountered in our case. CONCLUSION: We recommend that cystic schwannoma should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of cystic masses of the maxilla.
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5/40. Epithelioid angiosarcoma of the maxillary sinus and the maxilla: a case report and review of the literature.

    Epithelioid angiosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor that arises from the endothelium of the blood vessels. In the head and neck area, most of these lesions affect the scalp and facial soft tissues, and the maxillary sinus and the maxilla are among the rarest locations involved. In this paper, we present a case of angiosarcoma of the left maxillary sinus, with extension into the left maxilla. We review the literature and discuss the differential diagnosis of endothelial neoplasms and the management and the prognosis of this tumor.
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6/40. Solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma of the maxillary sinus. Case report.

    Solitary extramedullary plasmacytomas are rare tumors that often affect head and neck region. Because of the non-specific associated symptomatology, they frequently are misdiagnosed. We briefly describe a 69-year-old woman who developed solitary plasmacytoma in the left maxillary sinus and was initially treated as having sinusitis. We also report the diagnostic work-up that is necessary to establish a correct diagnosis in such cases. This case highlights that an appropriate investigation for neoplastic disease should be performed in patients presenting with persistent symptoms that resemble those of sinusitis, especially if these do not resolve after conservative medical treatment.
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7/40. Inflammatory pseudotumour of the maxillary sinus presenting as a sino-nasal malignancy.

    Inflammatory pseudotumours are a rare group of benign neoplasms of unknown aetiology. They are uncommon in head and neck sites, particularly the paranasal sinuses. Surgical excision, radiotherapy and steroids have all been used as treatment modalities. A report is made of a 27-year-old female who presented with a rapid-onset proptosis that clinically and radiologically mimicked an aggressive sino-nasal malignancy. histology eventually confirmed an inflammatory pseudotumour of the maxillary sinus. The patient was treated successfully with a combination of surgery and steroid therapy.
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8/40. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the maxillary sinus presenting as toothache.

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is a high-grade and aggressive sarcoma. It is relatively rare in the head and neck region. Its diagnosis is based on immunohistochemical stains. Wide excision followed by postoperative radiotherapy is believed to be the treatment of choice for MFH. In October 2001, a case of MFH in the maxillary sinus, which presented as a toothache at the beginning, was successfully diagnosed and treated. Using the external approach, the tumor mass was completely removed, and postoperative radiotherapy was subsequently performed. Seventeen months after the surgery, the patient was clinically well without any evidence of local recurrence or distant metastasis.
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9/40. dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans of the face: surgical management.

    dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a locally aggressive, rarely metastatic, spindle cell tumor. It is most commonly found on the trunk and rarely on the head and neck. recurrence has been found to be more common in the head and neck region, which may be attributable to delayed patient presentation or a reluctance for wide excision in that region. The authors report a rare case of DFSP presenting as a large mass of the face. Surgical treatment required aggressive local resection of the tumor, including the underlying maxillary antrum. The soft tissue was cleared by Mohs technique. More than one procedure was required to obtain clear bone margins. Adjuvant radiation therapy was used to gain local control. Reconstruction was performed using a cheek advancement flap, as well as a forehead flap and split-thickness graft to the donor site.
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10/40. Inflammatory pseudotumour (plasma cell granuloma) arising in the maxillary sinus.

    CONCLUSIONS: Inflammatory pseudotumours in the maxillary sinus may present as malignant tumours and manifest locally aggressive features characteristic of such tumours. Despite their locally destructive features, they pursue a benign course after local excision. OBJECTIVE: Inflammatory pseudotumour (plasma cell granuloma) is an uncommon non-neoplastic lesion comprising a proliferation of spindle myofibroblasts and chronic inflammatory cells. Despite its benign histopathological nature, it may exhibit aggressive behaviour that is yet to be characterized in the head and neck area. MATERIAL AND methods: We present the cases of two adult patients with inflammatory pseudotumour arising from the maxillary sinus. immunohistochemistry and polymerase chain reaction for immunoglobulin from tissue sections were performed to confirm the polyclonality of the infiltrating plasma cells. RESULTS: CT and MRI disclosed expansive soft masses eroding surrounding soft and bony tissues. Histopathologically, the lesions were unencapsulated and composed of numerous plasma cells, histiocytes and spindle cells with minimal nuclear pleomorphism.
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