Cases reported "Measles"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/4. Unusual presentation of measles giant cell pneumonia in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

    The typical clinical presentation of measles in a normal immunocompetent host includes cough, coryza, conjunctivitis, Koplik's spots, and rash. However, in an immunocompromised host, measles may have an atypical clinical presentation and may be commonly associated with severe pneumonia or encephalitis. We report a fatal case of measles pneumonia without any clinical features that suggest measles in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = coryza
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/4. Cutaneous manifestations of measles in AIDS.

    In immunocompetent patients, infection by the measles (rubeola) paramyxovirus produces fever, cough, coryza, Koplik's spots, and, on the skin, a macular erythema that can become confluent. The erythema has a striking cephalocaudal spread and clearing. The diagnosis of measles on a skin biopsy and the distinction from an erythema multiforme type of drug eruption can be difficult. We studied a skin biopsy from a patient with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) who presented with measles. In contrast to erythema multiforme, the measles biopsy has necrosis of clusters of keratinocytes in the high spinous layer and granular layer of the epidermis, whereas erythema multiforme has necrosis of basal keratinocytes. Multinucleated keratinocytes may or may not be prominent in the measles biopsy. Cytoplasmic swelling of the keratinocytes in the granular layer may be present even when multinucleated cells are sparse. Immunoperoxidase reactivity for measles virus protein is present in intranuclear inclusions and in the cytoplasm of infected upper spinous keratinocytes. There were more cells with positive staining in the biopsy from the AIDS patient than in another biopsy from an immunocompetent patient with measles. The AIDS patient was seronegative for measles throughout the course of the illness. The examination of the skin biopsy can be very important in the diagnosis of measles in AIDS patients or immunocompromised patients who may not develop the usual diagnostic serology.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = coryza
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/4. Vaccine-associated "wild-type" measles.

    Measles is the most contagious of the childhood exanthems and is the leading cause of vaccine-preventable deaths in children, mostly in developing countries. The prodromal stage, consisting of high fever and the triad of cough, coryza, and conjunctivitis, is followed by a caudal progressing rash over a period of 2 to 3 days. With a worldwide vaccination program in place, mortality and morbidity have decreased substantially. Receipt of the live attenuated vaccine generally causes no or only mild side effects such as a low-grade fever and a subtle rash. We report a 1-year-old boy who, 10 days after vaccination, developed vaccine measles which was clinically indistinguishable from the natural disease. Vaccine virus was detected by polymerase chain reaction in the patient's nasopharyngeal secretions.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = coryza
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/4. Atypical measles in adolescents and young adults.

    Seven patients, aged 12 to 19 years, had atypical measles. prodromal symptoms of fever, malaise, myalgia, headache, nausea, and vomiting were commonly followed by coryza, sore throat, conjunctivitis, photophobia, nonproductive cough, and pleuritic pain. The characteristic rash was erythematous, maculopapular, and progressed frequently to vesicular, petechial, or purpuric lesions. It initially involved palms and soles with subsequent spread to proximal extremities and the trunk, sparing the face. Six of six chest roentgenograms showed infiltrates. Findings not previously described in atypical measles included liver enzyme elevations, thrombocytopenia, disseminated intravascular coagulation, possible transmission among three siblings, and suspected cardiac involvement. Measles complement fixation titers compatible with recent infection were seen in all patients. All patients had previously received killed measles vaccine. A substantial number of persons who are older adolescents or young adults may be at risk of developing atypical measles.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = coryza
(Clic here for more details about this article)


Leave a message about 'Measles'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.