Cases reported "Mediastinal Neoplasms"

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1/1671. Azygos continuation syndrome with aneurysm of the azygos vein: CT and MR appearances.

    We present a case of azygos vein continuation with aneurysm of the azygos vein simulating a tumor in the right upper mediastinum. The dynamic CT examination initially showed a structure of malignant appearance during the early arterial phase. Further dynamic CT revealed marked enhancement of the mass during the late venous phase, suggesting a vascular structure. Confirmation of diagnosis was made by MRI using a fast gradient echo imaging technique in cine mode, showing turbulent flow in the azygos aneurysm, and contrast-enhanced MR angiography, demonstrating a dilated azygos vein. Dynamic CT has a potential pitfall in the diagnosis of vascular structures. ( info)

2/1671. Mediastinal B-cell high grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with sclerosis: report of three cases.

    Mediastinal large B-cell lymphomas are uncommon haematologic malignancies seen mostly in women. We report our recent experience with three patients, only one of whom survived after an autologous bone marrow transplantation. ( info)

3/1671. Intrapericardial benign teratoma with unusual presentation.

    Benign teratoma, also referred as dermoid cyst, do occur in the mediastinum. However, their intrapericardial location has been reported very occasionally. This case of intrapericardial benign solid teratoma is being presented because of its rarity and its unusual presentation as a case of empyema, with features of cardiac compression and pericardial effusion. ( info)

4/1671. Median sternotomy for parathyroid adenoma.

    Most mediastinal parathyroid tumours lie within the thymus gland and may be retrieved when cervical thymectomy is carried out in the course of neck exploration for primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT). We report 4 patients, each of whom required sternotomy for removal of a true mediastinal parathyroid adenoma. Subtraction isotope scintigraphy suggested the presence of a mediastinal tumour prior to cervical exploration in 2 individuals and prior to re-exploration in a third. When localisation before initial exploration for HPT suggests a parathyroid tumour within the chest, consideration should be given to proceeding to sternotomy, at first operation if a comprehensive neck exploration, including cervical thymectomy, fails to uncover the adenoma. Uniquely, one of our patients underwent sternotomy for HPT when 23 weeks pregnant. ( info)

5/1671. Neuromyotonia: an unusual presentation of intrathoracic malignancy.

    A 48 year old woman is described who presented with increasing muscular rigidity and who was found to have a mediastinal tumour. Electrophysiological studies revealed that the muscular stiffness resulted from very high frequency motor unit activity which outlasted voluntary effort, and which was abolished by nerve block. The abnormal activity may have arisen at the anterior horn cell level. Marked improvement followed the administration of diphenylhydantoin. ( info)

6/1671. Mediastinal teratoma confused with loculated pleural fluid.

    A 3-year-old child is presented with a benign anterior mediastinal teratoma that was primarily located inferior to the left lung and confused with pleural fluid. The lesion was not apparent at 4 months ofage. Computerized axial tomography of the specimen clearly established the diagnosis. This procedure may be of value in selected patients with apparent pleural disease. ( info)

7/1671. Occurrence of malignant non-germ cell components in primary mediastinal germ cell tumours.

    methods: Thirty-five patients with primary mediastinal germ cell tumours (PMGCT) underwent primary thoracotomy in a 30-year period (1965-1994). Of the 35 patients, 12 had benign teratomas, five pure seminomas and 18 non-seminomatous germ cell tumours. RESULTS: Out of 18 non-seminomatous germ cell tumours, 14 comprised more than one malignant component. In two cases malignant teratomas had an additional malignant non-germ cell component: one a mixed sarcomatous component and the other a neuroendocrinal component. There were different methods of treatment between 1965 and 1994. All but one of patients with seminomas survived for 5 years. Among 18 patients with malignant PMGCT, all but two died within 5 years (mean survival rate was 15 months). CONCLUSIONS: When planning treatment of patients with malignant PMGCT we have to take into account the fact that malignant non-germ-cell components may occur. In this circumstances, surgical resection after initial chemotherapy is recommended. ( info)

8/1671. Radiological findings in myxoid liposarcoma of the anterior mediastinum.

    CT and MR findings of a rare myxoid liposarcoma involving the anterior mediastinum are reported. The mass was a low density lesion with calcific septations and some peripheral frond-like enhancement on CT. MRI showed heterogeneous intermediate to high signal intensity on T1 weighted images and high signal intensity on T2 weighted images. The signal of the mass was not suppressed on fat suppressed images. ( info)

9/1671. Percutaneous biopsy of a posterior mediastinal mass through an extrapleural window created with dilute contrast.

    Extrapleural administration of dilute contrast was used to facilitate biopsy of a posterior mediastinal mass. ( info)

10/1671. Mediastinal lymph node metastasis of colon cancer: report of a case.

    We herein describe a patient with mediastinal lymph node metastases which occurred after both a primary sigmoid colon cancer and metachronous ovarian metastasis had been resected. The most likely route of metastases to the mediastinum in this case is the paravertebral venous plexus probably connected to the ovarian metastasis, or so-called remetastasis. This case illustrates that the mediastinum is thus a possible metastatic site in patients with colon cancer. Surgeons should therefore pay attention to the mediastinum as well as the lung fields when checking chest X-ray films during a follow-up of patients after a resection of colon cancer. ( info)
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