Cases reported "Medullary Sponge Kidney"

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1/4. medullary sponge kidney.

    medullary sponge kidney is a benign asymptomatic developmental anomaly of the kidney mostly seen in adult females. Presentation in childhood is uncommon. Urinary tract infection, nephrolithiasis, hematuria and hypercalciuria are the common complications. We report a eleven-year-old female child who presented with recurrent urinary tract infection and nephrolithiasis and was found to have bilateral medullary sponge kidney.
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keywords = nephrolithiasis
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2/4. Unilateral and segmental medullary sponge kidney: renal function and calcium excretion.

    The renal acidification defect and renal hypercalciuria have been reported in patients with pan-renal and bilateral medullary sponge kidney. However, little is known about patients with unilateral or segmentally affected medullary sponge kidney. We report 2 cases of partially affected medullary sponge kidney with normal acidification ability and normal urinary calcium excretion, although the ability to concentrate urine was diminished. These findings suggest that in patients with partially affected medullary sponge kidney nephrolithiasis is not the consequence of renal hypercalciuria induced by systemic acidosis but is owing to the urinary stasis caused by cystic dilatation of the terminal collecting duct.
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keywords = nephrolithiasis
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3/4. marfan syndrome and medullary sponge kidney: case report and speculation on pathogenesis.

    The case of a 16 year old boy with marfan syndrome, recurrent nephrolithiasis, and bilateral medullary sponge kidney (MSKD) is described. This association was not previously described.
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keywords = nephrolithiasis
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4/4. medullary sponge kidney associated with congenital hemihypertrophy.

    medullary sponge kidney is a developmental disorder characterized by ectatic and cystic malformation of the collecting ducts and tubules. Clinical manifestations include urinary tract infections, renal stones, and hematuria. It can be associated with other developmental disorders. A case of medullary sponge kidney associated with congenital hemihypertrophy, complicated by nephrocalcinosis and nephrolithiasis, is reported here.
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keywords = nephrolithiasis
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