Cases reported "Melanoma, Amelanotic"

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1/65. Neurocutaneous melanosis presenting with intracranial amelanotic melanoma.

    We describe imaging findings in a 2-year-old girl with neurocutaneous melanosis and malignant cerebral melanoma. Because the cerebral melanoma in this child was of the amelanotic type, high-signal intensity on unenhanced T1-weighted images was not present. The cutaneous lesions played a crucial role in establishing a correct (presumed) histopathologic diagnosis on the basis of the imaging findings. To our knowledge this is the first report describing an intracranial amelanotic malignant melanoma in association with neurocutaneous melanosis. ( info)

2/65. Amelanotic lentigo maligna melanoma: report of a case and review of the literature.

    Amelanotic lentigo maligna melanoma (ALMM) is an infrequent presentation of lentigo maligna melanoma, less than thirty cases having been reported to date. Hypopigmented or erythematous macules on the face of older women, resembling bowen's disease or eczema, are the most common clinical presentation. We report a case of ALMM in a 73-year-old woman. Therapeutic trials with cryotherapy, 5-fluorouracil, and azelaic acid were unsuccessful, and the lesions were eventually cured by surgical excision. ALMM requires early clinical suspicion and histopathologic confirmation of diagnosis in every patient presenting with a slowly enlarging erythematous or hypopigmented macule, especially when located on the face of an older woman with a light complexion. ( info)

3/65. Choroidal metastasis in men with metastatic breast cancer.

    PURPOSE: To report two cases of choroidal metastasis in metastatic breast cancer in men. METHOD: case reports of a 50-year-old man with an 8-year history of breast cancer who was initially examined with a solitary amelanotic choroidal tumor and a 62-year-old man with an 8-month history of breast cancer who was initially examined with numerous unilateral amelanotic choroidal tumors. RESULTS: Ophthalmoscopic and echographic characteristics of the choroidal tumors were typical for breast cancer metastasis. Systemic screening disclosed advanced metastatic disease in both patients. Choroidal metastasis could be effectively treated by external beam irradiation. CONCLUSIONS: Although breast cancer is a rare condition in men, it should be considered as a possible primary cancer in cases of choroidal metastasis. ( info)

4/65. Amelanotic lentigo maligna melanoma: a unique case presentation.

    Amelanotic melanomas comprise only 2% of melanomas and are commonly a difficult clinical diagnosis, due to the lack of melanin pigment typically found in melanomas. Even rarer is the amelanotic lentigo maligna, which may have an unusual clinical presentation, such as erythema, pruritus, or edema. biopsy is the key to diagnosis. Multiple therapies for amelanotic lentigo malignas have been tried, but excision, with margin control (Mohs micrographic surgery-frozen or paraffin sections), remains the treatment of choice. ( info)

5/65. Cerebriform nodular amelanotic metastases of malignant melanoma: a challenge in differential diagnosis of a rare variant.

    High variability of the clinical appearance of malignant melanoma (MM) and its metastases render the differential diagnosis of solid amelanotic tumours difficult. We report a 71-year-old woman with several unusual cutaneous tumours of cerebriform morphology, suggesting skin metastases from occult internal cancer. Histopathological findings and thorough investigations, however, revealed a late-stage metastatic MM. We discuss the differential diagnosis of skin metastases of various origin and underline the difficulties for early detection of MM. ( info)

6/65. Amelanotic melanoma: the great masquerader.

    BACKGROUND: Cutaneous melanoma is often recognized by its dark color, but some tumors have little or no pigmentation. OBJECTIVE: We present the clinical findings of 4 cases of primary cutaneous amelanotic melanoma in which the clinical diagnosis was unsuspected and one case of amelanotic metastatic melanoma. methods: Five cases of melanoma are reviewed. The clinical morphology of the lesions is presented and discussed. We surveyed the literature regarding conditions that mimic amelanotic melanoma, and we discuss the treatment and prognosis for amelanotic melanoma. RESULTS: Amelanotic melanoma may masquerade as a variety of other conditions leading to a delay in the diagnosis or an inappropriate biopsy technique. The prognosis of amelanotic primary tumors is no different from that for its pigmented counterpart. CONCLUSION: The clinician should be familiar with the presentation of amelanotic melanoma to facilitate prompt diagnosis. ( info)

7/65. A case of amelanotic spindle-cell melanoma presenting as metastases to breast and axillary lymph node: diagnosis by FNA cytology.

    Metastatic neoplasms to the breast are relatively rare. Spindle-cell lesions of the breast are also uncommon. Here we present a case of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of an amelanotic, spindle-cell melanoma metastatic to the breast and axillary lymph node. The patient was a 47-yr-old female who presented with a right breast mass, left axillary adenopathy, and a pigmented skin lesion on the back. FNA of the right breast and left axilla showed malignant, nonpigmented spindle cells that were weakly positive for HMB-45 on immunocytochemistry. The skin biopsy showed a pigmented malignant melanoma with epithelioid features, and also weak positivity for HMB-45. Although malignant melanoma is one of the more common tumors to metastasize to the breast, this is the first known case that showed exclusive spindle-cell morphology. history and physical examination were crucial in making the correct FNA diagnosis. The cytologic differential diagnosis of spindle-cell tumors of breast and the discordant morphology between the primary and metastatic melanotic lesions observed in this case are discussed. ( info)

8/65. Subungual amelanotic melanoma.

    We describe a 76-year-old white male with subungual amelanotic melanoma. The lack of pigmentation of the lesion may cause misdiagnosis and aggravate its poor prognosis. ( info)

9/65. Malignant melanoma in a patient with oculocutaneous albinism.

    BACKGROUND: Sun-induced malignancies (basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas) are common in oculocutaneous albinism, however, the incidence of malignant melanoma is a topic of controversy. OBJECTIVE: We have reviewed the literature and report a case of a woman with oculocutaneous albinism with an amelanotic melanoma of the anterior chest wall. RESULTS: There are only 26 previously reported cases (both case reports and African albino population studies) in 25 patients in the literature. A 27th case with immunohistochemical and ultrastructural evaluation is presented. CONCLUSIONS: It appears that melanoma, a malignancy for which sun exposure and light colouration are felt to be major risk factors, has a low incidence among a population that is both hypopigmented and often exposed to high levels of ultraviolet light. This low incidence is poorly understood and frequently disputed. ( info)

10/65. Amelanotic malignant melanoma following cryosurgery for atypical lentigo maligna.

    cryosurgery is an alternative treatment option to surgical excision for lentigo maligna. Clinical evidence of recurrence is usually characterized by repigmentation at the treated site. We report two patients who developed amelanotic malignant melanoma following cryosurgery for a pigmented lentigo maligna. These cases illustrate the potential risk of treating lentigo maligna with cryosurgery. ( info)
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