Cases reported "Melanoma"

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1/155. Intra-articular metastatic melanoma of the right knee.

    melanoma can metastasize to almost every organ and tissue. Although bone metastases have been reported frequently, the authors are aware of only a single report of intra-articular synovial metastasis. A case of metastatic melanoma, mimicking degenerative medial meniscal tear of the right knee, is presented. Further examination revealed asymptomatic metastases in the liver, subcutaneous tissue, and left trochanter minor. Arthroscopic examination revealed widespread synovial metastasis and a palliative arthroscopic synovectomy was performed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = bone
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2/155. Epithelioid cell histiocytoma: a simulant of vascular and melanocytic neoplasms.

    Epithelioid cell histiocytoma (ECH) is an unusual and still poorly recognized variant of benign fibrous histiocytoma. Epithelioid cell histiocytoma differs from most benign fibrous histiocytomas in five important ways: the predominance of epithelioid cells, relative lack of secondary elements (such as giant cells, foamy, or hemosiderin-laden macrophages), relative sharp circumscription, prominent vascularity, and centering in the papillary dermis in most cases. A strong resemblance to melanocytic and vascular lesions has been noted, and a recent case was reported with features suggesting endothelial origin. Fifteen new cases of ECH, including one example of the rare deep cellular variant, are presented herein, with emphasis on features mimicking vascular and melanocytic neoplasms. Labeling with endothelial markers, including previously unreported CD-31 labeling, showed abundant vascular staining, which may be challenging to interpret, but which does not indicate an endothelial origin of ECH.
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ranking = 138.70689819116
keywords = macrophage
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3/155. Papillary formations in metastatic melanoma.

    Cytomorphologic features of melanoma can be extremely variable, in that they can mimic other poorly differentiated neoplasms. Ten cases of metastatic melanoma with distinct, cohesive, papillary tissue fragments observed in fine-needle aspiration (FNA) specimens are reported. These papillary fragments exhibited a central fibrovascular core with attached tumor cells, in a background of single scattered malignant cells, macrophages, and focal necrosis. The aspiration sites included regional or distant palpable lymph nodes, pancreas, bone, and skin. Nine cases had a histologic diagnosis of primary cutaneous melanoma, and in one case the primary skin tumor was detected after the diagnosis was established by FNA of the metastasis. Immunohistochemical studies (S-100 protein, HMB-45 antigen, and factor viii) were performed in four cases, and electron microscopy in one, confirming the diagnosis of melanoma. An awareness of this cytomorphologic variation of papillary formations in cytology preparations from metastatic melanoma is important and can prevent potential inaccurate interpretation.
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ranking = 139.70689819116
keywords = macrophage, bone
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4/155. Effects of transpupillary thermotherapy on immunological parameters and apoptosis in a case of primary uveal melanoma.

    Transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT) is a new treatment modality for uveal melanoma. We studied whether application of TTT influences the immunogenicity of the tumour cells in vivo or the expression of molecules related to apoptosis. immunohistochemistry using monoclonal antibodies directed against HLA molecules, HMB45, P53, Fas ligand (FasL), Fas, Bcl-2 and tumour-infiltrating cells was applied to sections of an enucleated eye containing a uveal melanoma that received TTT 1 week before enucleation. The innermost part of the tumour which had been exposed directly to the laser treatment showed no staining for hla antigens, nor for Fas or FasL epitopes. The intermediate part of the tumour showed a wet necrosis and HLA expression similar to the expression in the peripheral tumour. A large number of macrophages were observed in the necrotic as well as the intact tumour tissue, especially bordering the wet necrotic area. FasL and Bcl-2 were only expressed in the viable, outer part of the tumour. This immunological evaluation of one case of uveal melanoma treated with TTT revealed that TTT may not only have a direct destructive effect on the primary tumour, but may also influence the immunogenicity of uveal melanoma cells, induce infiltration of macrophages into the tumour, and induce apoptosis. The presence of many macrophages suggests that they play a role in the removal of the TTT-treated tumour tissue by phagocytosis.
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ranking = 416.12069457349
keywords = macrophage
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5/155. breast carcinoma diverging to aberrant melanocytic differentiation: a case report with histopathologic and loss of heterozygosity analyses.

    A case of primary breast cancer showing differentiation to malignant melanoma is reported. To obtain insight into the clonal relationship between the two components of the tumor, polymerase chain reaction-based microsatellite analysis to detect loss of heterozygosity on chromosome arms 1p, 1q, 3q, 4q, 6q, 8p, 9p, 10q, 11q, 13q, 16q, 17p, 17q, and 18q with microdissected tissues of both components was performed in addition to histologic, histochemical, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural techniques. The tumor consisted of a combination of carcinoma and melanoma with morphologic transition. Metastases in the lymph nodes and thoracic spinal bone marrow showed dual tissue structure. One of the metastatic lung tumors showed melanomatous tissue structure. The abundant pigment in the cells was positive for Fontana-Masson staining and bleached with potassium permanganate. The carcinoma component was positive for epithelial membrane antigen and CA19-9, but the melanoma component was negative. Conversely, the melanoma component was positive for HMB45 and vimentin, but the carcinoma component was negative. Electron microscopic analysis showed premelanosomes and melanosomes in the melanoma component. Microsatellite analysis showed the same genetic alterations with loss of heterozygosity on chromosome arms 1p, 3q, 4q, 6q, 9p, 10q, 11q, 13q, 16q, 17p, and 17q in in situ, invasive, and metastatic foci. We concluded that the carcinoma and melanoma components had arisen from the same clone and that this breast carcinoma might have diverged to aberrant malignant melanoma through multiple genetic alterations in the early period of ductal carcinoma in situ.
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ranking = 1
keywords = bone
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6/155. De-epithelialised anterior (anterolateral and anteromedial) thigh flaps for dead space filling and contour correction in head and neck reconstruction.

    Anterior (anterolateral and anteromedial) thigh flaps based on the descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral vessels provide a long vascular pedicle and a large flap without sacrificing main vessels and muscles. Twenty-eight de-epithelialized anterior thigh flaps were transferred for reconstruction of head and neck defects following tumour ablation. Two flaps were lost in patients that had previously undergone high-dose radiotherapy following free tissue transfer. Vascularised fibula, vascularised iliac bone and other tissues were combined with anterior thigh flaps in 13 cases utilising the distal end or derivative branches of the vascular pedicle. Salivary fistula was seen in only one case, although there were many minor and major complications. In five cases, double skin flaps were harvested from the ipsilateral thigh. One of these flaps was used for coverage of intraoral defects, while the other was placed in the submandibular area to fill dead space. Compared with other methods, this multi-flap method is considered to be most suitable for dead space filling and contour correction.
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ranking = 1
keywords = bone
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7/155. Search for anti-tumor response in a bone tumor patient with a long clinical history.

    Immunological studies are presented on a patient with a long clinical history suggesting the existence of a tumor-specific immune response. His tumor, first considered benign, progressed to a highly malignant osteosarcoma. Cell-mediated immune reactivity against biopsy cells and against tumor extract was detected in vitro by the autologous tumor stimulation test (ATS) and in vivo by the skin test. In one ATS-test with tumor extract, blastogenesis of T-cells was demonstrated. The amount of Ig(s) in consecutive biopsies increased. Biopsies taken in the later period of the disease stimulated only after trypsin treatment. This stimulation was inhibited by autologous serum or acid eluate of the biopsy. The inhibitory factor in the serum was not intact immunoglobin. blood lymphocytes did not show a discriminatory or disease-related cytotoxicity, either directly or after co-cultivation with the tumor material. lymphocytes isolated from one biopsy were non-reactive in both the ATS and the cytotoxicity test.
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ranking = 4
keywords = bone
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8/155. Germline CDKN2A mutation implicated in predisposition to multiple myeloma.

    Germline mutations of the CDKN2A (p16(INK4A)) tumor suppressor gene predispose patients to melanoma and pancreatic carcinoma. In contrast, mutations of the murine CDKN2A gene predispose BALB/c mice to pristane-induced plasmacytoma. We describe here a family in which a germline mutation of CDKN2A is present in 4 individuals who developed melanoma as well as in a fifth family member who is suffering from multiple myeloma. To determine whether the CDKN2A mutation predisposed the myeloma patient to her disease, we carried out loss of heterozygosity studies on sorted bone marrow from this individual and observed loss of the wild type CDKN2A allele in the malignant plasma cells. We suggest that germline mutations of CDKN2A may predispose individuals to a wider variety of malignancy than has been hitherto reported, but that the expression of these cancers may depend heavily on the genetic background of the patient. (blood. 2000;95:1869-1871)
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ranking = 1
keywords = bone
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9/155. Myelodysplastic syndrome following treatment of malignant melanoma with vincristine, ACNU, and dacarbazine.

    Therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome is a rare adverse effect in melanoma patients elicited by chemotherapy. We report a case of myelodysplastic syndrome following treatment of malignant melanoma with alkylating agents. Peripheral blood showed a remarkable suppression of three cell lineages, and the bone marrow was slightly hypercellular. However, no morphological abnormalities were detected in the peripheral blood or the bone marrow, and chromosomal analysis was normal.
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ranking = 2
keywords = bone
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10/155. Cavernous haemangioma of the nasal bones: an alternative management option.

    The authors present a case of bilateral cavernous haemangiomas affecting the posterior ends of both inferior turbinates of the nose. The condition was treated by angiographically controlled embolization. review of the literature back to 1967 has revealed no other report of embolization being used specifically for this condition. All previous treatments have involved surgery; we describe an alternative therapeutic option.
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ranking = 4
keywords = bone
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