Cases reported "Melorheostosis"

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11/49. melorheostosis in a family with autosomal dominant osteopoikilosis: report of a third family.

    We describe a three-generation family with clinical and radiological findings of osteopoikilosis in five and melorheostosis in one individual. The co-occurrence of both rare bone disorders suggests that both conditions might be related as suggested previously by Butkus et al. [1997: Am J Med Genet 72:43-46] and Nevin et al. [1999: Am J Med Genet 82:409-414]. The findings in this family strengthen the hypothesis that osteopoikilosis is an autosomal dominant condition and that an early postzygotic second hit mutation in the second allele results in melorheostosis.
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12/49. Increased procollagen alpha1(I) mRNA expression by dermal fibroblasts in melorheostosis.

    We report a patient with melorheostosis in whom increased procollagen alpha1(I) mRNA expression and alpha1(I), alpha2(I) and alpha1(III) collagen secretion were observed in dermal fibroblasts obtained from a skin biopsy overlying the involved bone. The patient was a 53-year-old man with melorheostosis lesions over the left knee joint. Multiple pigmented macules were present on the medial aspect of the lower left leg. hyperpigmentation of the basal keratinocytes, thick-walled vessels in the reticular dermis, and proliferation of normal-appearing collagen around the hair follicles were observed histologically.
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13/49. Painful lumbosacral melorheostosis treated by fusion.

    STUDY DESIGN: A case report of low back pain associated with a diagnosis of melorheostosis of the lumbosacral spine. OBJECTIVE: To describe a rare presentation of melorheostosis and subsequent successful surgical treatment. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: melorheostosis is a rare condition and spinal pain has not been described in association with the condition. methods: A patient with disabling low back pain and suspected melorheostosis of the lumbosacral spine responded favorably to diagnostic facet joint blocks. Treatment was lumbosacral fusion and biopsy of the abnormal bone. The densely sclerotic bone presented technical difficulties requiring modification of surgical technique. RESULTS: Dramatic pain and disability reduction occurred following lumbosacral fusion. Histologic examination was consistent with melorheostosis. CONCLUSION: melorheostosis rarely causes severe low back pain that can respond favorably to fusion surgery.
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14/49. melorheostosis with bilateral involvement in a black African patient.

    melorheostosis is a rare chronic bone disease of unknown etiology that often affects a single limb. Onset usually occurs in childhood or early adolescence. A flowing wax appearance along the surface of the bone and multiple areas of bone sclerosis produce a typical radiographic picture. We describe the first case reported in a black African, in whom an exceedingly rare feature was a bilateral distribution of the lesions.
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keywords = bone disease, bone
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15/49. Soft tissue contractures from melorheostosis involving the upper extremity.

    melorheostosis is a rare disorder characterized by a linear hyperostosis of cortical bone, joint pain, stiffness, deformity, and limited motion. In the hand, the disease is often disabling because of progressive contractures of the joints and soft tissues involved. Two cases of melorheostosis involving the radial side of the hand and upper extremity are reported. Splinting or surgical release did not result in permanent correction of the soft tissue contractures. Retraining patients to use their unaffected hand should be considered early in the course of the disease.
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16/49. Loss-of-function mutations in LEMD3 result in osteopoikilosis, Buschke-Ollendorff syndrome and melorheostosis.

    osteopoikilosis, Buschke-Ollendorff syndrome (BOS) and melorheostosis are disorders characterized by increased bone density. The occurrence of one or more of these phenotypes in the same individual or family suggests that these entities might be allelic. We collected data from three families in which affected individuals had osteopoikilosis with or without manifestations of BOS or melorheostosis. A genome-wide linkage analysis in these families, followed by the identification of a microdeletion in an unrelated individual with these diseases, allowed us to map the gene that is mutated in osteopoikilosis. All the affected individuals that we investigated were heterozygous with respect to a loss-of-function mutation in LEMD3 (also called MAN1), which encodes an inner nuclear membrane protein. A somatic mutation in the second allele of LEMD3 could not be identified in fibroblasts from affected skin of an individual with BOS and an individual with melorheostosis. XMAN1, the xenopus laevis ortholog, antagonizes BMP signaling during embryogenesis. In this study, LEMD3 interacted with BMP and activin-TGFbeta receptor-activated Smads and antagonized both signaling pathways in human cells.
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17/49. melorheostosis of Leri: report of a case in a young African.

    melorheostosis of Leri is a non-familial condition of hyperostosis of the cortical bone that usually presents unilaterally in long bones of the upper and lower limbs, but may also present in vertebra, ribs, skull and jaw. The incidence of this disease is quite rare, only about 300 cases have been reported worldwide. We present a case, which may be the first documented case in sub-Saharan africa. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: S.K. is a 14 year old male student who presented to the hospital with an 18 month history of persistent pain in the joints of the right upper limb and a limb length discrepancy since birth which has worsened with growth. Examination revealed generalised hypoplasia of the right upper limb with shortening of the limb and atrophy of the muscles, also hypoplasia and contracture of the thumb was observed. The radiographs of the limb showed multiple areas of dense hyperostosis and scleroderma, which showed a linear distribution along the radial half of the bones. CONCLUSION: In children presentation of melorheostosis, is more likely be as limb length discrepancy, deformity or joint contractures which may be seen before radiographic evidence of any bony changes. Improvement in imaging techniques will therefore result in early diagnosis and greater success with conservative management. Also the increased frequency of tumours necessitates long-term follow up. Keywords: melorheostosis, scleroderma.
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18/49. melorheostosis involving the craniofacial skeleton.

    melorheostosis is a rare bone disorder, usually affecting the long bones and adjacent soft tissue. It was originally described by Leri and Joanny in 1922, after its classic x-ray features of flowing hyperostosis resembling dripping candle wax. There have been fewer than 10 reported cases of craniofacial involvement, and in most instances these have also involved the appendicular skeleton. The authors report a case of melorheostosis with isolated craniofacial involvement, describe the clinical course and radiologic and histologic features, and review the pertinent literature.
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19/49. melorheostosis in a pediatric patient.

    melorheostosis is a nonhereditary and uncommon condition that can affect both adults and children. It can appear on radiographs as increased sclerosis on bones of the upper and lower extremities and may mimic other bony conditions such as osteopoikilosis, osteopetrosis, arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, and osteopathia striata. The sclerotic appearance can differ greatly between adults and children. The skin and subcutaneous tissues may be affected by fibrosis, resulting in contractures of joints and limbs that lead to deformities and limb-length discrepancies. This article reviews the literature on melorheostosis and describes a case in a 10-year-old boy.
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20/49. Myelopathy associated with melorheostosis: a case report.

    A man in his mid thirties presented with lower-extremity weakness and spasticity because of a myelopathy caused by a rare disorder of bone known as melorheostosis. The primary pathology involved was compression of the cord at the cervicothoracic levels by dystrophic osseous formation within the vertebral bodies. Based on a review of existing literature, it was evident that the spine is an uncommon location to find melorheostosis, making this disease entity a unique cause of myelopathy. The patient's progress was closely observed during his inpatient rehabilitation program, after he underwent spinal decompression surgery. Starting from the level of complete paralysis, he was able to regain functional strength in his legs by the end of his 2-month course. Despite the lack of reported outcomes in cases of myelopathy associated with melorheostosis, our report describes a favorable prognosis with good recovery of both strength and function.
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