Cases reported "Meningeal Carcinomatosis"

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1/2. Gastric perforation due to the ingestion of a hollow toothpick: report of a case.

    A perforation due to the ingestion of a toothpick is a condition seldom seen in the stomach. We herein describe an 80-year-old woman with a perforation of the stomach due to an ingested hollow toothpick. The toothpick was easily removed during a mini-laparotomy. The site of perforation was closed with absorbable sutures and omentum was used to function as an overlying patch. The postoperative course was uncomplicated. The hollow toothpick functioned as a fistula between the contents of the stomach and the peritoneal cavity. This resulted in a very different clinical picture from that observed in "classical wooden" toothpick injury, where the toothpick is not able to function as a fistula. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first description of a hollow toothpick perforating the stomach. A hollow toothpick perforation must be considered in any patient with symptoms of intestinal perforation, even when there is no history of swallowing toothpicks. Removal of a toothpick and subsequent suturing of the puncture site is a simple and relatively minor surgical procedure, which may have a lower morbidity and mortality as compared to other causes of gastric perforation. A precaution to observe, is the potential danger that one of the members of the operating team might perforate a finger.
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2/2. Acute abdomen following dermoid cyst rupture during transvaginal ultrasonographically guided retrieval of oocytes.

    We report a case of acute abdomen due to puncture of a dermoid cyst during oocyte aspiration, which required laparotomy. A woman who had undergone an in-vitro fertilization and embryo transfer required hospitalization due to onset of an acute abdomen. An ultrasonographic scan showed a pelvic mass with the features of dermoid cyst. The patient required diagnostic laparotomy which confirmed the presence of a ruptured dermoid cyst with subsequent peritonitis.
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