Cases reported "Meningeal Neoplasms"

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1/198. Primary melanocytoma arising from the thoracic leptomeninges case.

    Primary melanocytoma arising from the leptomeninges of the spinal cord is very rare. A surgical specimen of a thoracic meningeal tumor was resected from a 75-year-old woman complaining of gait disturbance was investigated. magnetic resonance imaging and myelography showed a dumb-bell-type tumor in the subdural space at the 1st to 2nd thoracic vertebrae. The tumor was subtotally resected because of adhesion to the lamina and thoracic medulla. The localized, gelatinous black tumor showed a well-defined margin without dissemination or infiltration. The tumor had a thin capsule and was composed of solid proliferation of neoplastic melanocytes. Neither whorl formation nor foci of palisaded nuclei were observed. The neoplastic cells were of two major types: an epithelioid- or polygonal-shaped type and a spindle-shaped type, and had a large nucleus, a prominent nucleolus, coarse chromatin, and melanin-pigments in their cytoplasm. Only a few mitotic figures were observed. They were positive for HMB-45 and S-100 protein. This case was considered to be primary melanocytoma arising from the thoracic leptomeninges.
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keywords = subdural, space
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2/198. Reverse U-shaped split temporalis musculofascial flap in cranial base reconstruction.

    To extend the versatility and range of the temporalis muscle, a new type of temporalis musculofascial flap was developed. This was achieved by dividing the muscle into two portions--anterior and posterior-while maintaining vascular communication between the deep and the middle temporal arteries. This flap is reverse U-shaped with one of the arms of the "U" corresponding to a pedicle, which supplies the blood, and the other corresponding to the recipient region. The bottom of the U corresponds to continuity between the anterior and posterior portions of the muscle, which contains the vascular communication. In two patients with meningioma, the flap was applied to occupy the extradural dead space combined with a pericranial flap to prevent leakage of cerebral spinal fluid to the dural defect. The reverse U-shaped split temporalis musculofascial flap has some advantages for intracranial reconstruction: sufficient rotational arc, adequate thickness, and rich vascularity. A reverse U-shaped split temporalis musculofascial flap is useful and of benefit, especially for reconstruction at the region of the anterior midline skull base.
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keywords = space
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3/198. Acute subdural hematoma and pachymeningitis carcinomatosa: case report.

    Subdural hematomas may affect 0.4-5 p. 100 of patients with cancer, because of predisposing risk factors or because of the cancer itself. The most likely association is with hematological cancer with coagulative disorders. An association with pachymeningitis carcinomatosa is less likely. In this instance the subdural hematoma is due to a neoplastic obstruction of dural vein with subdural engorgement and hemorrhage or subdural effusion. We report a case in which an acute neurological deterioration due to a subdural hematoma disclosed a dural metastasis from a breast cancer operated four years earlier and present a literature review.
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ranking = 7.8286649180024
keywords = subdural
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4/198. Falx meningioma presenting as acute subdural hematoma: case report.

    BACKGROUND: Acute subdural hematomas caused by meningiomas have been rarely encountered. Pathophysiologic mechanisms and clinical considerations in these patients have not been sufficiently explored. We addressed the possible mechanism of spontaneous hemorrhage in our case and briefly discuss the optimal treatment. CASE DESCRIPTION: This case of falx meningioma presenting as an acute subdural hematoma in a 78-year-old woman is described. On initial computed tomography (CT), an enhancing tumor of the falx appeared to be the cause of hemorrhage. Only faint contrast staining in the periphery of the tumor was seen on right external carotid arteriograms, with no evidence of other vascular supply. Extravasation of contrast material during the procedure occurred suddenly and was successfully treated by endovascular embolization using a microcatheter. The hematoma was emergently evacuated with gross total removal of the tumor. Pathologic examination confirmed a transitional meningioma with abundant hyalinized structures. Disruption of a thin-walled vessel adjacent to the tumor capsule was assumed to be the site of hemorrhage. CONCLUSIONS: The longstanding ischemia of the tumor was considered to have produced the deposition of hyalin in the tissue, which changed the hemodynamics within the tumor, producing vascular stress leading to rupture. The prognosis of patients with meningiomas complicated by acute subdural hematoma is generally poor, with mortality reported in approximately one-half of such patients. Surgical exploration is the most effective treatment and should be conducted before irreversible brain damage has occurred.
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ranking = 6.8500818032521
keywords = subdural
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5/198. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus-positive primary effusion lymphoma arising in the subarachnoid space.

    Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a rare and distinctive type of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) that occurs primarily, although not exclusively, in patients with AIDS. It usually develops as a lymphomatous effusion in the absence of a tumor mass, characteristically contains the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus/human herpesvirus 8 (KSHV/HHV-8), usually also contains the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), displays a characteristic cytomorphology bridging immunoblastic and anaplastic large cell lymphoma, often expresses an indeterminate immunophenotype, and a B-cell genotype. Thus far, PEL has been limited almost entirely to the pleural, peritoneal, and pericardial cavities. We describe a NHL occurring in a gay man with AIDS that is typical of PEL in that it arose in a body cavity or space without an associated tumor mass, displays the cytomorphology typical of PEL, is a clonal B-cell neoplasm, and contains KSHV as well as EBV. This case is singularly distinctive in that it is the first case of PEL reported to arise in the subarachnoid space. This unique case further supports the strong association between KSHV and malignant lymphoma arising in body cavities and growing as an effusion.
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ranking = 0.12850131149819
keywords = space
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6/198. meningioma recurrence at a different site masquerading as a subdural hematoma. Case report.

    It is unusual for a meningioma to recur at a distant site. It is more unusual for a meningioma to present as a subdural hematoma. The authors report a unique case in which both of these events occurred in the same patient during a 4-year period. The authors discuss the pathogenesis of these rare events with regard to meningiomas.
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ranking = 4.8929155737515
keywords = subdural
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7/198. Leptomeningeal melanomatosis with multiple cutaneous pigmented nevi: tumor cell proliferation and malignant transformation in an autopsy case.

    We experienced a rare case of leptomeningeal melanomatosis. The proliferative activity and nuclear accumulation of p53 in this tumor were examined, since the relationship between this tumor type and growth has not yet been elucidated. A 33-year-old Japanese man was shown to have leptomeningeal melanomatosis with multiple cutaneous pigmented nevi. The autopsy findings showed the presence not only of benign diffuse melanosis of the leptomeninges but also of leptomeningeal melanomatosis in the subarachnoid space and brain parenchyma. In the brain parenchyma, the direct invasion of tumor cells from the subarachnoid space and Virchow-Robin spaces filled with melanoma cells were observed. Multiple hemorrhagic areas invaded by melanoma cells were also present. Immunohistochemical staining with a monoclonal antibody to melanoma cells showed positivity in the tumor cells. Proliferation analysis using the MIB-1 antibody demonstrated that the labeling index of tumor cells invading brain parenchyma (2.54%) was higher than that in other lesions of the inner (0.89%) and outer layer (0.76%) of the subarachnoid space. Nuclear accumulation of p53 protein was rarely seen in the tumor cells. We reported a case of leptomeningeal melanomatosis. Higher proliferative activity was found in invading cells of the brain parenchyma. Malignant transformation of the tumor did not appear to be associated with p53 gene mutation.
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ranking = 0.085667540998792
keywords = space
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8/198. MR imaging features of clear-cell meningioma with diffuse leptomeningeal seeding.

    Clear-cell meningioma is a rare disease entity showing a more aggressive nature, clinically, than those of other subtypes of meningioma. It occurs in younger persons and commonly in the spinal canal. The recurrence rate has been reported to be as high as 60%. We present a case of clear-cell meningioma in a 17-year-old man in whom initial MR imaging showed localized leptomeningeal enhancement that had progressed into the entire subarachnoid space after surgical resection of the primary tumor.
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9/198. Adenoid cystic carcinoma metastatic to the dura: report of two cases.

    Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) originating in the salivary and lacrimal glands usually spreads to the intracranial space by following cranial nerves into the cavernous sinus, temporal bone and cerebellopontine angle. We present two cases in which ACC metastasized extensively to the dura, suggesting that ACC has an affinity for the dura. Case 1, a 43-year-old man, was operated on 12 years earlier for invasive ACC of the right palate. He experienced recurrence of the tumor in the left cavernous sinus and sella, and extensive involvement of the dura of both right and left temporal fossae. Case 2, a 33-year-old woman, had spread of ACC to the right convexity dura and tentorium after undergoing a resection of a left-sided ACC tumor of the lacrimal gland two years earlier. Both patients underwent multiple resections and radiation treatment. Extensive, multifocal, bilateral spread of ACC to the dura in both cases indicates that ACC has an affinity for the dura.
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ranking = 0.021416885249698
keywords = space
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10/198. MRI appearances mimicking the dural tail sign: a report of two cases.

    We report two cases in which the MRI appearances mimicked the dural tail sign; a glioma extending into the subarachnoid space, and a meningioma extending to the subdural space. They indicate that tumour invasion into the subarachnoid or subdural space, should be considered when prominent linear enhancement is observed along the dura mater adjacent to tumours.
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ranking = 2.0214168852497
keywords = subdural, space
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