Cases reported "Meningioma"

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1/22. Clear cell meningioma of the lumbo-sacral spine with chordoid features.

    Clear cell meningioma (CCM) is a peculiar variant that differs from conventional meningioma in affecting younger patients, arising more often in spinal or cerebellopontine locations, and showing a higher recurrence rate. Classical meningothelial areas are scarce in these tumors and the differential diagnosis with other neoplasms, particularly metastatic carcinoma, is often difficult. We report a case of clear cell meningioma from the lumbosacral spine in which location, radiologic presentation, light microscopic appearance in initial sampling, and some of the ultrastructural findings were reminiscent of chordoma. The tumor cells were diffusely positive for vimentin and very focally positive for epithelial membrane antigen. Ultrastructural demonstration of interdigitating cell processes joined by numerous desmosomes confirmed the diagnosis of CCM.
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2/22. meningioma of the fourth ventricle.

    Meningiomas are primary meningeal based tumors of the central nervous system that rarely are located strictly within the fourth ventricle. We report a 72-year-old man operated upon for such a tumor. The pre-operative magnetic resonance images revealed a well circumscribed mass in the fourth ventricle that exhibited a low signal on T1-weighted magnetic resonance images and homogenously enhanced with gadolinium. By light microscopy the tumor was composed of tightly packed spindle cells separated by collagen. immunohistochemistry showed the tumor cells to be positive for vimentin and epithelial membrane antigen, and negative for glial fibrillary acidic protein. Electron microscopy revealed typical findings of meningioma, including interdigitating cell processes, desmosomes, and intermediate filaments. Although rare, fibroblastic meningioma must be included in the differential diagnosis of a fourth ventricular spindle cell tumor in elderly patients.
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3/22. Primary extracranial meningioma of the foot: a case report.

    We present a rare case of primary extracranial meningioma in a 36-year-old man, who had a solitary multinodular mass located in the plantar muscle of the foot. The histology of specimens from simple excision was typical of meningioma, showing bland spindle cell proliferation with a whorl pattern. Immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated that the tumor cells showed diffuse and strong positivity for epithelial membrane antigen as well as moderate reactivity for cytokeratin and vimentin. Ultrastructurally, the tumor cells were characterized by thin bipolar cytoplasmic processes and joined by multiple small desmosomes. There were frequent pinocytotic vesicles and a distinct external lamina on the cell surface. These findings suggest that this primary ectopic meningioma, arising in the soft tissue, may have been derived from perineurial cells of the peripheral nerve, but was morphologically distinguishable from perineurioma. Primary extracranial meningioma should be included in the differential diagnosis of soft-tissue spindle cell tumors, especially those of peripheral nerve origin.
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4/22. meningioma with granulofilamentous inclusions.

    The authors report a case of intracranial meningioma with granulofilamentous inclusions. A 50-year-old man had right trigeminal neuralgia due to trigeminal nerve compression by a petroclival tumor and received tumor resection. Microscopically, tumor cells containing eccentric nuclei and intracytoplasmic hyaline inclusions were arranged in sheets and whorls. The inclusions were negative for periodic acid-schiff reaction. No histological anaplasia was seen. immunohistochemistry showed epithelial membrane antigen reactivity on the cytoplasmic membrane. Immunoreactivity for vimentin was recognized in cytoplasm adjacent to inclusions. However, confocal laser microscopic study revealed immunoreactivity for vimentin even inside some inclusions. Ultrastructurally, interdigitation of cytoplasmic processes and desmosomes connecting adjacent cells were noted. Inclusions were composed of numerous fine osmiophilic granules attached by intermediates filaments. These findings were consistent with a meningioma with the granulofilamentous inclusions described earlier. The findings demonstrated by confocal laser microscopy and electron microscopy suggest that these granular materials may be the metabolic products of vimentin filaments.
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5/22. Ultrastructural examination is essential for diagnosis of papillary meningioma.

    AIMS: Papillary meningioma is a rare meningeal tumour. To date only a few cases have been reported and their immunohistochemical features have not been fully documented. methods AND RESULTS: A 49-year-old woman presented with a 2-month history of headaches and memory disturbance. CT and MRI imaging showed an enhancing pineal mass with extension into the occipital lobes and invasion of the splenium. At surgery, the tumour was found to be tough and vascular with a well-defined capsule. No recurrence was noted 19 months after the operation. In another case a 44-year-old woman was admitted with 1-month history of headaches, poor memory, imbalance and diplopia. CT scan showed a large hyperdense, uniformly, enhancing mass within the middle cranial fossa at the petrous ridge. The tumour recurred 19 and 25 months after first resection. The histology of both tumours was similar. The neoplasms contained polygonal cells with a moderate amount of cytoplasm, rounded regular nuclei and distinct cell borders. The cells were arranged radially around the blood vessels (perivascular pattern) and a papillary pattern was seen only focally. Mitotic figures were moderately frequent. immunohistochemistry showed that both tumours were immunoreactive to vimentin and NSE, whereas GFAP, CAM5.2, EMA, S100 protein and synaptophysin were negative. Electron microscopy revealed interdigitating cell processes, desmosomes and intermediate filaments. CONCLUSIONS: The histological and immunohistochemical features of these two tumours are complex and difficult to interpret. Although papillary meningiomas were considered in our initial differential diagnosis, the final conclusion was possible only when the ultrastructural features were revealed.
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6/22. Meshy meningioma: a potential novel variant.

    A potential novel variant of meningioma is reported. The tumor was solid, hard, white-colored, well circumscribed in a fibrous capsule and fixed to the dura, showing no invasion into the brain parenchyma. Histopathological study presented a sparsely cellular tumor composed of cells with fine reticular or mesh-like cytoplasm, each containing an oval nucleus. Mitotic figures were rarely seen. Immunohistochemical studies of tumor cells showed positive immunoreactivity for vimentin and epithelial membrane antigen but were negative for GFAP, desmin, neurofilament, keratin, S-100, CD34 and CEA. Bipolar neoplastic cells and long processes were noted on ultrastructural observation; these were attached side by side to each other by desmosomes, resulting in a mesh-like configuration. Perinuclear cytoplasm and processes were rich in intermediate filaments and rough endoplasmic reticulum. These microscopic and ultrastructural features have never before been reported among the variants of meningioma. The name 'meshy meningioma' is proposed for this novel variant.
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7/22. Fibrous meningeal tumours with extensive non-calcifying collagenous whorls and glial fibrillary acidic protein expression: the whorling-sclerosing variant of meningioma.

    Meningiomas comprise a wide range of morphological patterns. We describe unusual fibrous meningeal tumours in two patients, composed of extensive non-calcifying collagenous whorls of varying size, resembling non-calcified psammoma bodies, while interposed tumour cells are sparse. immunohistochemistry showed expression of S-100, vimentin and glial fibrillary acidic protein, whereas only single tumour cells stained for epithelial membrane antigen. Electron microscopy detected desmosomes or desmosome-like structures in both specimens. We conclude that these tumours represent a peculiar whorling-sclerosing variant of fibrous meningioma. Recognition of this meningioma variant is important in the differential diagnosis of meningioma versus other fibrous tumours of the meninges, including solitary fibrous tumours of the meninges, unusual forms of desmoplastic gliomas or chondroid tumours.
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8/22. Meningeal hamartoma of the scalp. A variant of primary cutaneous meningioma.

    A case of meningeal hamartoma of the scalp is reported. A 15-year-old girl was admitted complaining of scalp nodules in the midline occipital region. A midline skull defect was found under the nodular lesions. Histologically, the mass had a fibrocollagenous tract extending to the dura and showed an admixture of mature adipose tissue, small vessels, strands of fibrocollagenous tissue, and scattered foci of meningocytes. Immunohistochemically, the meningocytes desmosomes, interdigitating processes, and intermediate filaments. The patient's brother also had the meningeal hamartoma of the scalp. Meningeal hamartoma as a variant of primary cutaneous meningioma is extremely rare, and this is the first report of such a case in japan.
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9/22. Primary extracranial meningioma of the pelvis: a light microscopic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural study.

    BACKGROUND: Extracranial meningiomas are rare tumors which have been described in head and neck. The occurrence in mediastinum and retroperitoneum is even rarer. This presented case records a unique location, a meningioma arising in pelvis. CASE: A 52-year-old woman presented with an ovarian mass. The histology of the resected tumor revealed sheets of bland epithelioid cells arranged in prominent whorls with psammoma bodies typical of meningothelial meningioma. Immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated diffuse strong positivity for vimentin and epithelial membrane antigen (EMA). There was moderate reactivity for cytokeratin, estrogen (ER) and progesterone (PR) receptors. By electron microscopy, the tumor cells expressed desmosomes and abundant intermediate filaments. CONCLUSION: According to our review of literature, this is the first reported case of a primary pelvic meningioma. Its benign appearance and 4-year disease-free survival without clinical or radiological evidence of intracranial disease favors the pelvis as the primary site.
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10/22. The fine structure of so-called minute pulmonary chemodectomas.

    Electron microscopy was performed on several minute tumors of the type called chemodectomas, all from the lung of a single patient. The cells had a whorling pattern with extensive interdigitating cytoplasmic processes joined by desmosomes. Except for tangles of cytoplasmic fibrils, the tumor cells had few distinctive organelles. They had no endocrine-like granules and were not associated with nerves or basement membranes. The tumors had little resemblance to paragangliomas, but displayed a puzzling similarity to meningiomas. Our observations permit no definite conclusions as to the histogenesis of these lung tumors. Viewed in the light of recent physiologic studies, they cast doubt on the presence of special chemoreceptive paraganglia in the lung.
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