Cases reported "Meningioma"

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1/159. Intracranial meningioma with hemorrhage.

    Intracranial meningioma with hemorrhage is not frequently reported. The available articles in the literature regarding intracranial meningioma with hemorrhage are reviewed to the best of our knowledge, and the sixty-one cases have so far been reported. The authors report three cases. In about half of the 64 cases including ours, the tumor was located at the convexity, and histologically classified as meningotheliomatous meningioma. The site of hemorrhage was mainly in the subarachnoid space. In most cases the onset of presenting signs and symptoms was acute. The mean age at the time of tumor hemorrhage was 51 years. There was no sex difference statistically. The importance of the diagnosis of associated hemorrhage and subsequent surgical intervention is emphasized.
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2/159. Diffuse calvarial meningioma. Case report and review of the literature.

    An extremely unusual calvarial meningioma in a 77-year-old woman is reported. The meningioma spread widely and symmetrically within the calvaria and grew extracranially within the scalp as well as intracranially. Reactive dural hyperplasia induced narrowing of the intracranial space and occlusion of the superior sagittal sinus, resulting in intracranial hypertension. After external decompression, the patient's symptoms markedly resolved. The authors review the literature on calvarial meningioma, discuss its pathogenesis, and propose mechanisms responsible for the patient's intracranial hypertension.
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3/159. Intraspinal osteogenic meningioma: report of a case.

    Dense calcification and psammomatous bodies are common in spinal meningioma, but are rarely reported in osteogenic meningioma. We present a 73-year-old woman with an extramedullary, intradural tumor located at the T5 vertebra. The tumor showed mixed intensity and heterogeneous enhancement on the T1-weighted image and hypointensity on the T2-weighted image, and was situated near the spinal nerve root. The tumor's initial symptom was myelopathy, as is usual with spinal meningioma. We successfully removed the tumor under microscopy and found it to be separated from the vertebral column by the epidural space. The symptoms and signs improved gradually after the operation. Because the pathologic examination revealed areas of lamellar bone with bone marrow in the transitional meningioma, and because these were not related to the psammomatous bodies, osteogenic meningioma was diagnosed. metaplasia of arachnoid cells is considered to be the putative etiology of osteogenic meningioma.
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4/159. Reverse U-shaped split temporalis musculofascial flap in cranial base reconstruction.

    To extend the versatility and range of the temporalis muscle, a new type of temporalis musculofascial flap was developed. This was achieved by dividing the muscle into two portions--anterior and posterior-while maintaining vascular communication between the deep and the middle temporal arteries. This flap is reverse U-shaped with one of the arms of the "U" corresponding to a pedicle, which supplies the blood, and the other corresponding to the recipient region. The bottom of the U corresponds to continuity between the anterior and posterior portions of the muscle, which contains the vascular communication. In two patients with meningioma, the flap was applied to occupy the extradural dead space combined with a pericranial flap to prevent leakage of cerebral spinal fluid to the dural defect. The reverse U-shaped split temporalis musculofascial flap has some advantages for intracranial reconstruction: sufficient rotational arc, adequate thickness, and rich vascularity. A reverse U-shaped split temporalis musculofascial flap is useful and of benefit, especially for reconstruction at the region of the anterior midline skull base.
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5/159. Falx meningioma presenting as acute subdural hematoma: case report.

    BACKGROUND: Acute subdural hematomas caused by meningiomas have been rarely encountered. Pathophysiologic mechanisms and clinical considerations in these patients have not been sufficiently explored. We addressed the possible mechanism of spontaneous hemorrhage in our case and briefly discuss the optimal treatment. CASE DESCRIPTION: This case of falx meningioma presenting as an acute subdural hematoma in a 78-year-old woman is described. On initial computed tomography (CT), an enhancing tumor of the falx appeared to be the cause of hemorrhage. Only faint contrast staining in the periphery of the tumor was seen on right external carotid arteriograms, with no evidence of other vascular supply. Extravasation of contrast material during the procedure occurred suddenly and was successfully treated by endovascular embolization using a microcatheter. The hematoma was emergently evacuated with gross total removal of the tumor. Pathologic examination confirmed a transitional meningioma with abundant hyalinized structures. Disruption of a thin-walled vessel adjacent to the tumor capsule was assumed to be the site of hemorrhage. CONCLUSIONS: The longstanding ischemia of the tumor was considered to have produced the deposition of hyalin in the tissue, which changed the hemodynamics within the tumor, producing vascular stress leading to rupture. The prognosis of patients with meningiomas complicated by acute subdural hematoma is generally poor, with mortality reported in approximately one-half of such patients. Surgical exploration is the most effective treatment and should be conducted before irreversible brain damage has occurred.
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6/159. meningioma recurrence at a different site masquerading as a subdural hematoma. Case report.

    It is unusual for a meningioma to recur at a distant site. It is more unusual for a meningioma to present as a subdural hematoma. The authors report a unique case in which both of these events occurred in the same patient during a 4-year period. The authors discuss the pathogenesis of these rare events with regard to meningiomas.
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7/159. Planning and simulation of neurosurgery in a virtual reality environment.

    OBJECTIVE: To report our experience with preoperative neurosurgical planning in our stereoscopic virtual reality environment for 21 patients with intra- and extra-axial brain tumors and vascular malformations. methods: A neurosurgical planning system called VIVIAN (Virtual Intracranial Visualization and Navigation) was developed for the Dextroscope, a virtual reality environment in which the operator reaches with both hands behind a mirror into a computer-generated stereoscopic three-dimensional (3-D) object and moves and manipulates the object in real time with natural 3-D hand movements. Patient-specific data sets from multiple imaging techniques (magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance angiography, magnetic resonance venography, and computed tomography) were coregistered, fused, and displayed as a stereoscopic 3-D object. A suite of 3-D tools accessible inside the VIVIAN workspace enabled users to coregister data, perform segmentation, obtain measurements, and simulate intraoperative viewpoints and the removal of bone and soft tissue. RESULTS: VIVIAN was used to plan neurosurgical procedures primarily in difficult-to-access areas, such as the cranial base and the deep brain. The intraoperative and virtual reality 3-D scenarios correlated well. The VIVIAN system substantially contributed to surgical planning by 1) providing a quick and better understanding of intracranial anatomic and abnormal spatial relationships, 2) simulating the craniotomy and the required cranial base bone work, and 3) simulating intraoperative views. CONCLUSION: The VIVIAN system allows users to work with complex imaging data in a fast, comprehensive, and intuitive manner. The 3-D interaction of this virtual reality environment is essential to the efficient assembly of surgically relevant spatial information from the data derived from multiple imaging techniques. The usefulness of the system is highly dependent on the accurate coregistration of the data and the real-time speed of the interaction.
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8/159. MR imaging features of clear-cell meningioma with diffuse leptomeningeal seeding.

    Clear-cell meningioma is a rare disease entity showing a more aggressive nature, clinically, than those of other subtypes of meningioma. It occurs in younger persons and commonly in the spinal canal. The recurrence rate has been reported to be as high as 60%. We present a case of clear-cell meningioma in a 17-year-old man in whom initial MR imaging showed localized leptomeningeal enhancement that had progressed into the entire subarachnoid space after surgical resection of the primary tumor.
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9/159. MRI appearances mimicking the dural tail sign: a report of two cases.

    We report two cases in which the MRI appearances mimicked the dural tail sign; a glioma extending into the subarachnoid space, and a meningioma extending to the subdural space. They indicate that tumour invasion into the subarachnoid or subdural space, should be considered when prominent linear enhancement is observed along the dura mater adjacent to tumours.
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keywords = subdural, space
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10/159. meningioma presenting as an intraoral mass in a patient with neurofibromatosis type 1.

    A 77-year-old woman with neurofibromatosis type 1 presented with ill-fitting dentures due to intraoral extension of a right temporal fossa mass. Computed tomographic scanning demonstrated that the masticator space mass bowed the zygomatic arch and remodeled the lateral orbit and maxillary sinus walls, findings that were consistent with the clinical diagnosis of a neurofibroma with possible malignant transformation. However, light microscopic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural examination of tissue from an incisional biopsy specimen were diagnostic of meningioma. This case illustrates that the clinicopathologic differential diagnosis of an enlarging mass in patient with neurofibromatosis should include sporadic, unrelated neoplasms as well as tumors known to be associated with the syndrome.
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