Cases reported "Meningitis, Bacterial"

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1/13. Beware of dogs licking ears.

    A patient with right-sided chronic purulent otorrhoea developed meningitis due to pasteurella multocida transmitted by a dog that frequently licked his ear. We suggest that patients with a perforated tympanic membrane should avoid being licked on their ears by animals.
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keywords = animal
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2/13. Successful treatment of late-onset infection due to resistant klebsiella pneumoniae in an extremely low birth weight infant using ciprofloxacin.

    OBJECTIVE: This paper presents a case in which an extremely low birth weight infant with multidrug-resistant klebsiella pneumoniae infection was successfully treated with ciprofloxacin and gentamicin. STUDY DESIGN: A clinical case report of a neonate who received broad spectrum antibiotics for possible infection despite negative cultures. The infant developed sepsis and meningitis resulting from multidrug-resistant K. pneumoniae, which was treated with ciprofloxacin and gentamicin. The literature for the use of ciprofloxacin in pediatric patients was reviewed. RESULTS: The infant responded to the antibiotic regimen with sterilization of blood and cerebrospinal fluid; no adverse effects were attributable to the ciprofloxacin. Although ciprofloxacin has been found to cause irreversible injury to cartilage in juvenile laboratory animals, a review of the literature found that this complication occurs rarely if at all in pediatric patients. ciprofloxacin has been found to be effective in the treatment of multidrug-resistant Gram-negative infections in pediatric patients, including premature infants. CONCLUSION: ciprofloxacin should be considered in the treatment of neonatal infection caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative organisms. Although the published experience with this drug suggests that it is effective and that significant toxicity is not common, its use should be restricted to the treatment of serious infections for which an alternative antibiotics is not available.
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keywords = animal
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3/13. Molecular identification and epidemiological tracing of pasteurella multocida meningitis in a baby.

    We report a case of pasteurella multocida meningitis in a 1-month-old baby exposed to close contact with two dogs and a cat but without any known history of injury by these animals. 16S rRNA gene sequencing of the isolate from the baby allowed identification at the subspecies level and pointed to the cat as a possible source of infection. molecular typing of Pasteurella isolates from the animals, from the baby, and from unrelated animals clearly confirmed that the cat harbored the same P. multocida subsp. septica strain on its tonsils as the one isolated from the cerebrospinal fluid of the baby. This case stresses the necessity of informing susceptible hosts at risk of contracting zoonotic agents about some basic hygiene rules when keeping pets. In addition, this study illustrates the usefulness of molecular methods for identification and epidemiological tracing of Pasteurella isolates.
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keywords = animal
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4/13. pasteurella multocida meningitis in an adult: case report.

    pasteurella multocida is known to form part of the normal flora in the nasopharynx or gastrointestinal tract in many domestic and wild animals. Most human P multocida infections are soft tissue infections caused by dog or cat bites. Less commonly this bacterium is associated with infections affecting other organ systems of man. A case of fatal P multocida meningitis discovered at the necropsy of a 52 year old man is described. P multocida is an unusual causative agent of meningitis which tends to affect those at the extremes of age.
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keywords = animal
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5/13. Group C streptococcal meningitis: case report and review of the literature.

    Group C streptococci are a common cause of epidemic bacterial infection in animals. These organisms are a rare but frequently fatal cause of meningitis in humans. We report the case of a 13-year-old girl with meningitis caused by a group C Streptococcus (Streptococcus zooepidemicus) successfully treated with vancomycin and third generation cephalosporins. We also review cases of group C streptococcal meningitis reported previously.
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6/13. Streptococcal meningitis resulting from contact with an infected horse.

    We report a case of group C streptococcal meningitis in a woman with a history of close animal contact as well as head trauma as a result of a kick by a horse. blood and cerebrospinal fluid cultures grew streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus, as did a throat culture taken from the colt that had kicked her 2 weeks prior to admission.
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keywords = animal
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7/13. pasteurella multocida meningitis: case report and review of the last 11 y.

    pasteurella multocida meningitis is a rare clinical occurrence. We report a new case and review the 28 other cases described in the English literature. A history of recent animal contact remains strongly associated with P. multocida meningitis (noted in 89% of all cases), with licking of mucus surfaces or injured skin being most common. bacteremia was present in 63% of all patients. Spread from an adjacent site of infection continues to be an important factor, with otitis media being documented or strongly suspected in 24% of all cases. The presenting signs and symptoms were characteristic of bacterial meningitis, with fever, headache, nucal rigidity and an altered level of consciousness being present in most patients. cerebrospinal fluid analysis was typical for bacterial meningitis. penicillin g or ampicillin was the most common definitive treatment; however, third-generation cephalosporins have been successful. The mean duration of treatment was 14 d. Neurologic complications were present in 17% of patients overall and mortality remains substantial at 25%. Although not statistically significant, there is a trend toward decreased neurologic complications and mortality during the last 11 y.
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keywords = animal
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8/13. Streptococcus zooepidemicus meningitis and bacteraemia.

    Group C streptococci are common causative agents of epidemic infections in animals and a rare cause of meningitis in humans. The case is reported of a 75-y-old man with meningitis caused by a group C streptococcus (Streptococcus zooepidemicus). He had frequent contact with horses, which were a possible source of infection. In spite of treatment with a third generation cephalosporin, the outcome was fatal.
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keywords = animal
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9/13. Severe pasteurella multocida infections in pregnant women.

    We report 2 cases of severe infections due to pasteurella multocida, both occurring during pregnancy in previously healthy women. Both women had contact with animals (dog and cat) but neither of them had been bitten. Apart from a slight decrease in IgG levels, no immunological defects could be detected. Both women had received oral phenoxymethylpenicillin in the early phase of the disease, but still fell ill with severe infections. One woman had meningitis while the other suffered from cellulitis with deep abscess formation.
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keywords = animal
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10/13. pasteurella multocida meningitis: case report and review of the literature.

    pasteurella multocida forms part of the normal flora in the nasopharynx of many domestic and wild animals. Most human P. multocida infections are soft tissue infections due to animal bites. P. multocida meningitis is a rare condition. We report a case of P. multocida meningitis with a complicated outcome and review the literature of this condition.
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keywords = animal
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