Cases reported "Meningitis, Viral"

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1/46. Aseptic herpetic meningitis: an uncommon genital herpes sequelae.

    Aseptic herpetic meningitis is a clinical syndrome characterized by fever, headaches, confusion, and a combination of meningeal signs. The spinal fluid findings consist of an increase in mononuclear cells (mononuclear pleocytosis), increased protein concentration, and normal glucose concentrations. Aseptic herpetic meningitis is thought to be caused by a viral infection, although the specific virus is usually not demonstrated. The condition is self-limited and requires no treatment.
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ranking = 1
keywords = herpes
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2/46. The west nile virus outbreak of 1999 in New York: the flushing Hospital experience.

    west nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus, which has been known to cause human infection in africa, the middle east, and southwestern asia. It has also been isolated in australia and sporadically in europe but never in the americas. Clinical features include acute fever, severe myalgias, headache, conjunctivitis, lymphadenopathy, and a roseolar rash. Rarely is encephalitis or meningitis seen. During the month of August 1999, a cluster of 5 patients with fever, confusion, and weakness were admitted to the intensive care unit of the same hospital in new york city. Ultimately 4 of the 5 developed flaccid paralysis and required ventilatory support. Three patients with less-severe cases presented shortly thereafter. With the assistance of the new york city and New York State health departments and the Centers for disease Control and Prevention, these were documented as the first cases of WNV infection on this continent.
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ranking = 1.0611356042963
keywords = encephalitis
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3/46. Maternal intrauterine herpes simplex virus infection leading to persistent fetal vasculature.

    herpes simplex virus can cause serious ocular and systemic disease in the neonate. The mode of transmission to the neonate is usually from the maternal birth canal to the fetus intrapartum; but much more rarely, hematogenous transplacental infection can affect the developing fetus months prior to birth. Persistent fetal vasculature occurs when there is persistence of the fetal ocular vasculature, which normally regresses prior to birth. To our knowledge, we report the first case of serologically proven intrauterine herpes simplex virus infection associated with bilateral persistent fetal vasculature in a surviving term infant. Arch Ophthalmol. 2000;118:837-840
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ranking = 1.25
keywords = herpes
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4/46. Chronic parvovirus B-19 meningoencephalitis with additional detection of Epstein-Barr virus dna in the cerebrospinal fluid of an immunocompetent patient.

    parvovirus B19 dna was detected by polymerase chain reaction in the brain biopsy specimen from a 67-year-old immunocompetent woman with severe chronic lymphocytic meningoencephalitis. In addition to parvovirus B19, Epstein-Barr virus dna was identified in the CSF. Genomic material from Epstein-Barr virus was absent in the brain tissue. Clinical symptoms and CSF pleocytosis improved under long-term corticosteroid-treatment. The aetio-pathogenetic role of parvovirus B19 and the possible meaning of the additionally detected Epstein-Barr virus dna are discussed.
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ranking = 9.7695296567016
keywords = encephalitis, meningoencephalitis
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5/46. Varicella zoster meningitis preceeded by thrombophlebitis in a patient with Hodgkin's disease.

    Varicella zoster (V-Z) infections are common among patients with hematological malignancies, particularly Hodgkin's disease (HD). The common denominator in both HD and V-Z infections is immunosuppression. Most of V-Z infections occur in patients with HD during the remission period, who have mixed cellularity sub-type, with stage III disease and who have received combined chemo-radiation therapy. Involvement of the central nervous system usually manifests as post-herpetic neuralgia or encephalitis. Angiitis has also been found in association with V-Z infections. The authors describe a case of HD who developed V-Z meningitis preceeded by superficial thrombophlebitis of upper extremities during the period of active chemotherapy.
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ranking = 4.1837282957627
keywords = encephalitis, zoster
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6/46. Findings in a patient with herpes simplex viral meningitis associated with acute retinal necrosis syndrome.

    We report the case of a 41-year-old man with clinical findings of viral meningitis associated with acute retinal necrosis syndrome in his right eye. MR images showed right optic nerve enlargement and high-intensity signal abnormalities in the region of the left lateral geniculate body and the left occipital lobe.
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ranking = 1
keywords = herpes
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7/46. Recurrent herpes simplex virus type 2 meningitis: a case report of Mollaret's meningitis.

    It is well known that herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 2 produces acute meningitis, while HSV type 2 rarely causes recurrent meningitis (Mollaret's meningitis). We report the history of a 40-year-old patient with recurrent HSV type 2 meningitis (Mollaret's meningitis). The patient had seven episodes of meningeal symptoms within a 7-year period. In the seventh episode, HSV type 2 dna was confirmed by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). A real-time quantitative PCR study of the first CSF sample detected 2,000 copies of the HSV genome, which rapidly disappeared following treatment with acyclovir. The present case may be the first case of HSV type 2 Mollaret's meningitis to be documented in japan. In our case, HSV serum antibody titers were at low levels during the whole course of the disease. The possible pathophysiology of this case is discussed.
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ranking = 1.25
keywords = herpes
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8/46. case reports of viral meningitis/encephalitis.

    The purpose of this paper is to present three case reports of patients who presented to a local hospital in Northern louisiana with symptoms of viral meningitis and encephalitis. It also updates physicians on the signs and symptoms of persons infected with west nile virus (WNV), a new and emerging infection in the Western Hemisphere. Beginning in June 2002, persons in louisiana, particularly the southern part of the state, started presenting to health facilities with symptoms of infection with the WNV. By August 2002, persons in the northern part of the state were also experiencing symptoms that include neurologic presentations of the disease. After completing recommended diagnostic measures for possible infection with flaviviruses, the three cases presented here were positive for viral meningitis/encephalitis. Beginning in June 2002, the state experienced an outbreak of WNV of epidemic proportions. Consequently, clinicians need to be mindful of the symptoms, diagnostic measures, treatment, prevention, and reporting of meningitis/encephalitis.
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ranking = 7.4279492300744
keywords = encephalitis
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9/46. Combined and alternating ganciclovir and foscarnet in acute and maintenance therapy of human immunodeficiency virus-related cytomegalovirus encephalitis refractory to ganciclovir alone. A case report and review of the literature.

    cytomegalovirus (CMV) causes life-threatening disseminated infections and in particular vision-threatening infections of the retina in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. ganciclovir currently represents the most frequently used therapy for CMV retinitis. However, cases of ganciclovir-resistant CMV strains have been described, in which foscarnet seems to be an effective alternative. Both drugs have serious toxicities, and relapses frequently occur during maintenance therapy. In a patient with CMV encephalitis, we administered a 3-week combination ganciclovir/foscarnet induction therapy (ganciclovir 5 mg/kg every 12 h; foscarnet 60 mg/kg every 8 h), followed by an alternating maintenance administration of both drugs every other day (ganciclovir 5 mg/kg, foscarnet 120 mg/kg) to reduce toxicity and resistance. This regimen was tolerated well and seemed to be more effective than ganciclovir alone in a patient with CMV encephalitis.
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ranking = 6.366813625778
keywords = encephalitis
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10/46. Molecular evidence of persistent echovirus 13 meningoencephalitis in a patient with relapsed lymphoma after an outbreak of meningitis in 2000.

    Enteroviral meningoencephalitis was diagnosed in a patient with an immunodeficiency syndrome acquired after treatment with rituximab for a relapsed primary B-cell lymphoma. A second meningoencephalitic episode was diagnosed 6 months later and was successfully treated with a combination of immunoglobulins and pleconaril. The infection was persistent since the enterovirus genome was detected in five sequential specimens of cerebrospinal fluid collected over 9 months. An echovirus 13 isolate was isolated in the first three samples. The viral sequence encoding the VP1 capsid protein of the three isolates was determined and was compared with that of four control viruses. The virus isolates recovered from the patient shared >99% nucleotide sequence similarity with one another. In a phylogenetic tree, they were directly related to a control virus obtained from a patient hospitalized in 2000 during an outbreak of enterovirus meningitis. The epidemiological origin of a chronic echovirus infection in a patient with immune deficiency suggests that the echovirus had been continuously circulating in the general population after the outbreak that had revealed its emergence.
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ranking = 9.7695296567016
keywords = encephalitis, meningoencephalitis
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