Cases reported "Meningomyelocele"

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1/4. Partial caudal duplication in a newborn associated with meningomyelocele and complex heart anomaly.

    BACKGROUND: Caudal duplication is a spectrum of rare congenital anomalies with a possible heterogeneous pathogenesis including incomplete separation of monovular twins. methods: We report an autopsy case of a full-term infant with incomplete caudal duplication syndrome associated with multiple anomalies. RESULTS: These anomalies included a duplicated penis; double urinary bladder with an attenuated tunica muscularis; duplication of lower bowel with two ilia, appendices and colons; colonic hypogangliosis and left imperforated anus associated with rectourethral fistula. Other anomalies consisted of sacral meningomyelocele, sacral duplication with hypoplastic left sacrum and pelvic bones, muscle atrophy and hypoplasia of the left lower extremity, abnormal lobation of liver with stomach entrapment, omphalocele, and right atrial isomerism syndrome. The complex pattern of anomalies suggests the possibility that partial caudal duplication might be part of the spectrum of conjoined twinning.
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keywords = sacrum
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2/4. Anterior sacral meningomyelocele with sacrococcygeal teratoma.

    Anterior sacral meningocoele with sacrococcygeal teratoma is a rare entity. The cystic mass arising from anterior sacral and coccygeal defect, lies in the retrorectal space between the rectum and sacrum. It produces a variety of symptoms depending on its size and contents and constitutes a diagnostic problem. Such a rare association of two pathologies is presented, with review of literature, in an infant who had an anterior meningocoele with sacrococcygeal teratoma. Both the pathologies were surgically corrected individually, about a month apart.
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keywords = sacrum
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3/4. Spondylocostal dysostosis with perinatal death and meningomyelocele.

    A preterm black girl was born at 35 weeks of gestation to a healthy nonconsanguineous couple. She had a very short trunk with disproportionately long extremities, mild prognathism, low-set ears, thoracolumbar meningomyelocele, and imperforate anus. She died 45 min after birth. Roentgenograms revealed hemivertebrae, block vertebrae, severe thoracic lordosis, absent sacrum, posterior fusion of some ribs with greater distance among them in the anterior thorax, and relatively long extremities. Internal examination showed an intact meningomyelocele extending from the first thoracic vertebra to the lumbosacral region, containing 150 mL of clear fluid. The lungs were severely hypoplastic. Spondylocostal dysostosis encompasses a spectrum of vertebral abnormalities ranging from spina bifida occulta to large meningomyelocele and from mild to severe thoracic deformities that produce pulmonary hypoplasia and respiratory insufficiency. Our case is one of the most severe ever described.
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keywords = sacrum
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4/4. Terminal myelocystocele--a case report.

    Terminal myelocystocele is a rare form of occult spinal dysraphism in which the hydromyelic caudal spinal cord and the subarachnoid space are hemiated through a posterior spina bifida. A 1.5 month old boy presented with a large lumbosacral mass and urinary incontinence. The magnetic resonance imaging, operative findings and pathological findings revealed a low lying conus with a dilated central canal dorsally attached to the subcutaneous tissue. Ventral subarachnoid space was enlarged and herniated through the laminar defect of the sacrum. The lesion was typical of a terminal myelocystocele. The clinical features are different from those of myelomeningocele in many aspects. Though the incidence is low, terminal myelocystocele should be included in the differential diagnosis of congenital lesions presenting as a lumbosacral mass.
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keywords = sacrum
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