Cases reported "Menopause, Premature"

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1/40. Early menopause presenting with mood symptoms in a student aviator.

    The clinical presentation of menopause can resemble the symptoms of a mood disorder. We describe the case of a 31-yr-old student helicopter pilot who presented to the aviation psychiatry Department with a several-month history of inconsistent training performance, mood lability, tearfulness, anxiety, insomnia, fatigue, and decreased concentration. Symptoms persisted despite stress management training and resolution of family stressors, and further evaluation revealed other symptoms consistent with early menopause. Symptoms responded to estrogen/progesterone therapy, and patient returned to flight training. The clinical presentation, differential diagnosis, treatment, and aeromedical disposition of perimenopause and menopause are discussed. ( info)

2/40. An earlier menopause as clinical manifestation of granulosa-cell tumor: a case report.

    We present a case of a granulosa-cell tumor, which can cause menopause at an earlier than normal age. The hormonal profiles were characterized by undetectable FSH levels associated with an estradiol level compatible with the level seen in perimenopausal women and by a significant increase in the inhibin level. ( info)

3/40. pregnancy associated with hypergonadotropic hypogonadism.

    A case of a 30-year-old female with secondary amenorrhea and relative hypergonadotropic hypogonadism is presented. The patient demonstrated persistently elevated levels of gonadotropins in spite of clinical and laboratory evidence of estrogen production. Laparoscopic directed biopsy revealed a total absence of ova, but in spite of this finding, conception ensued. Variations in ovarian sensitivity throughout the female reproductive period and in certain pathologic states are discussed, as well as the apparent limitation of single laparoscopic directed biopsies for confirming the diagnosis of premature menopause. Finally, the theoretical use of exogenous estrogen to induce ovulation in patients with the ovarian insensitivity syndrome is discussed. ( info)

4/40. myasthenia gravis and premature ovarian failure.

    We describe a patient who developed seropositive myasthenia gravis 16 years after she was diagnosed with autoimmune premature ovarian failure with antibodies to the receptor for follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). Although thymectomy led to improvement of her myasthenic symptoms, menses did not resume. Such combined seropositivity for antibodies to acetylcholine and ovarian hormone receptors in a patient with myasthenia gravis and premature ovarian failure may reflect common disease mechanisms, although the precise pathogenesis of these disorders remains ill-defined. ( info)

5/40. The life mission theory VI. A theory for the human character: healing with holistic medicine through recovery of character and purpose of life.

    The human character can be understood as an extension of the life mission or purpose of life, and explained as the primary tool of a person to impact others and express the purpose of life. Repression of the human character makes it impossible for a person to realize his personal mission in life and, therefore, is one of the primary causes of self-repression resulting in poor quality of life, health, and ability. From Hippocrates to Hahnemann, repression of physical, mental, and spiritual character can be seen as the prime cause of disease, while recovery of character has been the primary intention of the treatment. In this paper, human character is explained as an intersubjective aspect of consciousness with the ability to influence the consciousness of another person directly. To understand consciousness, we reintroduce the seven-ray theory of consciousness explaining consciousness in accordance with a fractal ontology with a bifurcation number of seven (the numbers four to ten work almost as well). A case report on a female, aged 35 years, with severe hormonal disturbances, diagnosed with extremely early menopause, is presented and treated according to the theory of holistic existential healing (the holistic process theory of healing). After recovery of her character and purpose of life, her quality of life dramatically improved and hormonal status normalized. We believe that the recovery of human character and purpose of life was the central intention of Hippocrates and thus the original essence of western medicine. Interestingly, there are strong parallels to the peyote medicine of the Native Americans, the African Sangomas, the Australian Aboriginal healers, and the old Nordic medicine. The recovery of human character was also the intention of Hahnemann''s homeopathy. We believe that we are at the core of consciousness-based medicine, as recovery of purpose of life and human character has been practiced as medicine in most human cultures throughout time. We believe that such recovery can help some (motivated) patients to survive, even with severe disease. ( info)

6/40. anxiety attacks following surgical menopause: a case report.

    Acute onset of surgical menopause rarely complicates a woman's psychological state. Although most women with acute surgical menopause have associated menopausal symptoms, few psychological consequences have been reported. This article presents the case report of a woman who developed immediate postoperative symptoms of severe anxiety that significantly impacted her quality of life. Physiological and psychological changes associated with surgical menopause and hormone replacement therapy are also discussed. ( info)

7/40. Heterozygosity mapping by quantitative fluorescent PCR reveals an interstitial deletion in Xq26.2-q28 associated with ovarian dysfunction.

    BACKGROUND: Deletions of Xq chromosome are reported for a number of familial conditions exhibiting premature ovarian failure (POF) and early menopause (EM). methods AND RESULTS: We describe the inheritance of an interstitial deletion of the long arm of the x chromosome associated with either POF or EM in the same family. Cytogenetic studies and heterozygosity mapping by quantitative fluorescent PCR revealed a 46,X,del(X)(q26.2-q28) karyotype in a POF female, in her EM mother, and also in her aborted fetus with severe cardiopathy. Applying a microsatellite approach, we have narrowed the extension of an identical interstitial deletion located between DXS1187 and DXS1073. These data, in line with other mapped deletions, single out the proximal Xq28 as the region most frequently involved in ovarian failure. We also propose that other factors may influence the phenotypic effect of this alteration. Indeed, skewed X inactivation has been ascertained in EM and POF to be associated with different X haplotypes. CONCLUSION: Our analysis indicates that Xq26.2-q28 deletion is responsible for gonad dysgenesis in a family with EM/POF. The dissimilar deletion penetrance may be due to epigenetic modifications of other X genes that can contribute to human reproduction, highlighting that ovarian failure should be considered as a multifactorial disease. ( info)

8/40. New polymorphism and a new chromosome breakpoint establish the physical and genetic mapping of DXS369 in the DXS98-FRAXA interval.

    Recently some of us cloned a new probe RN1 (DXS369), which appears a close marker for the fragile X locus (FRAXA) [Oostra et al.: genomics 1990]. We present here new evidence for its physical and genetic mapping in the DXS98--FRAXA interval. We used 2 different somatic cell hybrid lines with breakpoints in the Xq27-q28 region: L10B Rea and PeCHN, and we established the order: (DXS105, DXS98)-L10B Rea-DXS369-PeCHN- (DXS304, DXS52). We detected an additional TaqI RFLP at the DXS369 locus which increases its informativeness up to 57%. Two point linkage analysis in a large set of families gave high lod scores for the FRAXA-DXS369 linkage (z(theta) = 10.1 at theta = 0.044) and for DXS369-DXS304, a marker distal to FRAXA (z = 19.2 at theta = 0.070). By multipoint analyses we established the localization of DXS369 in the DXS98-FRAXA interval. DXS369 is a much closer proximal marker for FRAXA than DXS105 or DXS98 and any new probe mapping between the breakpoints in L10B Rea and PeCHN will be of potential interest as a marker for FRAXA. ( info)

9/40. Premature menopause because of an inherited deletion in the long arm of the X-chromosome.

    A family is described in which both a mother and an infertile daughter had premature menopause at the ages of 31 and 28 years, respectively. Initially, an extensive investigation revealed no apparent cause for their conditions. However, when cytogenetic analysis in the daughter was performed, a terminal deletion in the long arm of one of the X-chromosomes was found. The karyotype was: 46,Xdel(X),(q25-qter). Chromosomal investigation in the mother showed an identical deletion. The karyotype of the patient's 35-year-old sister is normal. She has a normal menstrual cycle and two normal children. The presence of such familial cases suggests that chromosomal investigation should be considered in young women with oligomenorrhea, especially those whose mothers have experienced a premature menopause. ( info)

10/40. Secondary amenorrhea: two kinds of psychogenic disorder--a case report.

    A brief review of the limited sources in the literature on secondary amenorrhea indicates that this symptom may, in many cases, be psychogenic in origin. The disorder in such instances is often short term, spontaneously reversible, and occurs as a reaction to stress or a traumatic event. Most of these women are basically healthy, psychologically speaking. In some cases, however, this menstrual disturbance may continue for months or longer. In such instances, one may expect to find a neurotic conflict related to feminine identity as the cause. The therapeutic approach in these two alternative forms of secondary psychogenic amenorrhea (SPA) will differ; hence, it is essential that the gynecologist and psychiatrist distinguish between them. A case illustration is presented, describing in detail the treatment of a women with longstanding SPA which resolved with dynamically-oriented psychotherapy. ( info)
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