Cases reported "Mesonephroma"

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1/194. Mesonephric adenocarcinoma of the uterine corpus: CD10 expression as evidence of mesonephric differentiation.

    Mesonephric (wolffian) neoplasms of the female genital tract are infrequent and found in sites where embryonic remnants of wolffian origin are usually detected, such as the uterine cervix, broad ligament, mesosalpinx, and ovary. Their diagnosis is difficult because of the absence of specific immunohistochemical markers for mesonephric derivatives. We present the first report of adenocarcinoma of mesonephric type arising as a purely myometrial mass without endometrial or cervical involvement in the uterine corpus of a 33-year-old woman. The tumor showed a combination of patterns, with retiform areas, ductal foci, and small tubules with eosinophilic secretion, which merged with solid sheets of cells with a sarcomatoid appearance. Immunohistochemically, neoplastic cells were diffusely positive for cytokeratin 7, epithelial membrane antigen, and CD15 and focally positive for BerEP4 and vimentin. A hitherto unreported feature was the positivity for CD10 in neoplastic cells, which was also present in a large number of control tissues obtained from male mesonephric derivatives and female mesonephric remnants and tumors. Furthermore, CD10 was negative in controls from mullerian epithelia of the female genital tract and in their corresponding tumors. Therefore, the expression of CD10 by mesonephric remnants may be useful in establishing the diagnosis of tumors with mesonephric differentiation. ( info)

2/194. Mesonephric carcinoma of the female urethra.

    Mesonephric carcinoma of the female urethra is rare arising from vestiges of the Wolffian duct and is particularly of gynaecological or urological interest. It has been treated once successfully by radical anterior pelvic exenteration. By more conservative methods of treatment such as transurethral resections, radiation or topical application of thio-tepa it is poorly controlled. The diagnosis is established by a histological pattern reminiscent of the mesonephros. ( info)

3/194. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of an endometrioid-like variant of yolk sac tumor.

    A 36-year-old male with a history of immature teratoma and embryonal carcinoma of the testis was admitted to the hospital for abdominal pain and fever. A CT scan revealed a large right abdominal mass. The patient's serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) was 46.8 ng/ml (reference < 25 ng/ml). Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of the mass revealed malignant glandular cells. Chemotherapy was instituted, followed by resection of the large abdominal mass. The tumor was grossly encapsulated, consisting of large areas of necrotic, hemorrhagic tissue surrounded by smaller, multiloculated cysts. Microscopically, the tumor had a villoglandular pattern and variably stratified tall columnar cells. A prominent feature of the columnar cells was supranuclear and subnuclear vacuolization. Intracytoplasmic PAS-positive, diastase-resistant hyaline globules were occasionally present. AFP by immunoperoxidase was prominent within the tumor. This recurrence of the previously diagnosed testicular teratoma with embryonal carcinoma represents a yolk sac tumor with components strongly resembling endometrioid carcinoma, a variant only recently described in eight cases of ovarian origin (Clement et al.: Am J Surg Pathol 1987; 11(10):767-778). We believe this is the first reported case of an endometrioid-like variant of testicular yolk sac tumor and also the first report of the FNA cytology findings in this variant. ( info)

4/194. Activity of chemotherapy with carboplatin plus paclitaxel in a recurrent mesonephric adenocarcinoma of the uterine corpus.

    BACKGROUND: Malignant lesions derived from mesonephric (Wolffian) remnants are uncommon. The course of these tumors is usually indolent, and the recurrence has only been documented in nine cases. Because of the small number of cases, no current recommendations exist regarding treatment, and little is known about the response to chemotherapeutic agents. CASE: A 33-year-old woman was diagnosed with a mesonephric adenocarcinoma arising in the uterine corpus. Ten months after initial surgery and radiotherapy she presented with local and pulmonary relapse. Salvage chemotherapy with carboplatin plus paclitaxel was administered with a good response. CONCLUSIONS: Mesonephric adenocarcinomas are uncommon neoplasms. Their treatment remains elusive. We report a case of a recurrent uterine mesonephric adenocarcinoma that presented a good response to therapy with carboplatin plus paclitaxel. A review of the previous literature is also presented. ( info)

5/194. Combined hepatoblastoma and yolk sac tumor of the liver.

    The authors report a liver tumor that occurred in a 6-month-old boy in which areas of yolk sac and hepatoblastoma were identified. To the best knowledge of the authors, this morphologic pattern has not been reported previously. Theories of histogenesis are discussed. ( info)

6/194. Peritoneal cytology of uncommon ovarian tumors.

    Peritoneal cytology has been well established as a diagnostic and staging tool in the management of the common epithelial tumors of ovary. Germ cell, mesenchymal, and sex-cord stromal tumors are much less frequently encountered in peritoneal specimens, often with cytologic features that may pose problems in differential diagnosis. This report presents the cytomorphology of the ascitic fluid in cases of endodermal sinus tumor, dysgerminoma, and Sertoli-Leydig-cell tumor, and peritoneal washings in a case of ovarian malignant mixed mullerian tumor. The cytologic features of Sertoli-Leydig-cell tumors have not been well described. Careful correlation of peritoneal cytologic findings, cell-block preparations, and immunocytochemistry with the cytohistologic features of these tumors is crucial for correct tumor classification. ( info)

7/194. Primary yolk sac tumor of the cerebellar vermis: case report.

    A rare case of yolk sac tumor in the cerebellar vermis is reported. A 2-year-old boy developed headaches, vomiting, and an unsteady gait. Later a tumor was demonstrated in the medial part of the cerebellum by gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The tumor was totally removed, and the surgery was followed by chemotherapy. Soon after surgery the elevated alphafetoprotein (AFP) levels in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid were observed to decrease to normal levels. Three months later enhanced MRI showed a lesion in the vermis without any elevation of AFP, and the lesion turned out to be a granuloma. Six months after the second surgery a tumor recurred that could not be totally removed. Cranial radiotherapy was given together with chemotherapy, which resulted in a decrease of AFP to the normal range. The patient is doing well without any elevation in AFP at 1 year 6 months after onset. Related problems in the diagnosis and treatment of yolk sac tumors are discussed. ( info)

8/194. The role of second look laparotomy and tumor markers in the follow-up of endodermal sinus tumor of the ovary. A case report and review of the literature.

    endodermal sinus tumor (EST) of the ovary is extremely rare and little information exists about therapy and the role of second-look laparotomy in the management of this entity. A case of EST of the ovary in a 21 year old woman is reported. She received conservative surgery and six courses of combination therapy consisting of vincristine, Actinomycin D and cyclophosphamide before second-look laparotomy. Due to progression of the disease second-line polychemotherapy with vinblastine, bleomycin and cisplatin was administered. This new regimen reduced the alpha-fetoprotein to normal levels although the patient was not free of disease on second-look laparotomy. Precise guidelines for the management of this disease, especially in advanced stages, are still lacking. ( info)

9/194. endodermal sinus tumor of vulva (a case report).

    An unusual case of endodermal sinus tumor (EST) of the ovary at an extragonadal site-vulva, in an unmarried female of 25 yr is reported. The patient presented only with a vulval swelling on the right side without any other signs or symptoms. The internal genital organs mainly the ovaries were normal. ( info)

10/194. Successful treatment of a primary endodermal sinus tumor of the liver.

    A 27-year-old woman had a large hepatic tumor and a markedly increased serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level. A diagnosis of endodermal sinus tumor was made after a needle biopsy was performed on the liver. Clinical and radiologic examinations did not show an alternative primary site. Treatment with cisplatin, etoposide, and bleomycin was started, but, after three cycles, was changed to cisplatin, vincristine, methotrexate, bleomycin, dactinomycin, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide because the serum AFP level was decreasing too slowly. After additional chemotherapy was given, the patient was well but had an increased AFP level and a large residual mass in the liver. A right hemihepatectomy was performed, but no viable tumor was present. The patient is alive and disease-free 5 years later. Thus, AFP levels may be misleading in the presence of large necrotic tumors. The authors stress the need to make a diagnosis of these rare tumors early because aggressive treatment with combination chemotherapy may result in cure. ( info)
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