Cases reported "Mesothelioma"

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1/188. Pseudomesotheliomatous carcinoma involving pleura and peritoneum: A clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of three cases.

    Pseudomesotheliomatous carcinoma is a rare variant of peripheral adenocarcinoma of the lung that can manifest clinical, radiologic, and pathologic features similar to malignant mesothelioma. We present three patients with pseudomesotheliomatous carcinoma of the lung. In one patient the carcinoma extended beyond the thorax and extensively involved the peritoneum, mesentery, omentum, and intestines. All patients experienced weight loss and chest pain. All were white men aged 63, 65, and 67 years. Two were smokers and had shortness of breath, cough, and pleural effusion. One had a history of asbestos exposure. No patient developed dyspnea or hemoptysis. One was successfully treated for prostatic carcinoma 18 months earlier. Radiographically, all tumors were pleura-based. Grossly, the tumors spread extensively over pleural (and in one case peritoneal) surfaces and mimicked malignant mesothelioma. Histologically, all tumors were poorly differentiated and necrotic; two tumors exhibited spindle-cell components and desmoplasia. Mucin production was detectable in none, 10%, and 50% of tumor cells. The percentages of tumor cells immunoreactive for Ber-EP4 were 70%, 100%, and 80%; for Leu MI 0%, 90%, and 50%; for epithelial membrane antigen 80%, 80%, and 100%; for B 72.3%, 0%, 90%, and 20%; for polyclonal carcinoembryonic antigen 0%, 10%, and 10%; and for monoclonal 5%, 0%, and 0%. Of these, Ber-EP4 and B 72.3 rendered the most reliable diagnostic results. The clinical, radiologic, and gross and routine histologic findings were similar to those of a malignant mesothelioma; the final diagnosis could be made based mainly on immunocytochemical results. We have reviewed the English and German literature regarding 65 such tumors and present our experience with three additional cases. We emphasize the application of immunocytochemical studies on pleura-based poorly or undifferentiated malignant tumors of unknown origin.
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2/188. Malignant mesothelioma presenting as pulmonary metastasis ahead of growth of primary tumour.

    A 59-year-old woman was admitted to Houju Memorial Hospital, Ishikawa, japan, because of cough and fever on 30 March 1997. A diagnosis of pneumonia was made and she was given antibiotics. Her symptoms improved but failed to resolve completely on antibiotic therapy. On 9 September 1997, she revisited the hospital because of bodyweight loss and malaise. There was no history of exposure to asbestos. The chest roentgenogram revealed infiltrative shadows with vague and indistinct margins suggesting inflammatory processes, which were more extensive than those investigated on her last visit. One month later, a giant tumour was detected rapidly growing from the mediastinum and open biopsy was performed. The histological examination confirmed that the tumour was a malignant mesothelioma and the intrapulmonary nodules were its metastases. This is a rare case of pulmonary metastasis being present for several months before an appearance of primary mesothelioma.
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3/188. An autopsy case of a malignant pericardial mesothelioma in a Japanese young man.

    An autopsy case of a malignant pericardial mesothelioma in a 27-year-old man with no history of exposure to asbestos is reported. He was admitted for heart failure due to pericardial effusion of unknown origin and surgically drained, but later died. The diagnosis of a malignant pericardial mesothelioma was made on the basis of histologic, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural findings. The tumor was located on the pericardium, but autopsy revealed that it had spread extensively in the mediastinum and the lungs. Microscopically, the tumor cells were epithelial like and contained histochemically demonstrable glycogen and hyaluronic acid. Immunohistochemical studies of the tumor demonstrated positive immunoreactivity for cytokeratin 19, muscle actin HHF35, epithelial membrane antigen, CA125, p53 and p21WAF1/CIP1 whereas the tumor was negative for cytokeratins 10 and 17, carcinoembryonic antigen, vimentin, epithelial antigen BerEP4, S-100, c-erbB2 and bcl-2. A high MIB-1 labeling index was noted. Under the electron microscope the tumor cells exhibited long, thin villi. The operation and autopsy findings thus revealed this to be a very rare case of malignant pericardial mesothelioma in a young man.
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4/188. laparoscopy and mesothelioma.

    Malignant mesothelioma is a well-recognized long-term sequela of chronic asbestos exposure. asbestos use in the united states began in the 1950s and was widespread until the mid-1970s. Although currently only 2.2 cases per million population per year are diagnosed, disease incidence is increasing because of the long latency of this neoplasm. A latency of 15-50 years means that a higher incidence of this neoplasm can be anticipated in the future. The authors report a patient with peritoneal mesothelioma and no known prior exposure to asbestos. The diagnosis was confirmed by exploratory laparoscopy, which entailed biopsies of the diaphragm and of the peritoneal and abdominal walls, and by cytologic evaluation of 700 ml ascitis fluid. At present, exploratory laparoscopy offers the quickest, safest, and least invasive way to confirm the clinical diagnosis of peritoneal malignant mesothelioma.
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5/188. Malignant mesothelioma of the tunica vaginalis testis: report of a case.

    We describe herein the case of a 68-year-old man with malignant mesothelioma of the tunica vaginalis testis. The pathological diagnosis was based upon the clinical findings, gross and microscopic morphology, and special stains. Malignant mesothelioma is a rare tumor associated with asbestos exposure that can be effectively treated with orchidectomy via an inguinal approach.
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6/188. Malignant pleural mesothelioma without asbestos exposure.

    A 45-year-old male, non smoker and lecturer by profession was diagnosed as an advanced case of bilateral mesothelioma involving lung and pleura. He was never exposed to asbestos, which makes it a rare case.
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7/188. diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma by fine needle aspiration of a cervical lymph node. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Clinically documented distant metastases are rare in mesothelioma and tend to occur late in the course of the disease, well after the diagnosis has been made. In this instance, diagnosis was not made until a metastatic deposit was identified microscopically in the enlarged lymph node. CASE: A 65-year-old male with no definite history of occupational asbestos exposure presented with chest pain, pleural effusion and supraclavicular lymphadenopathy. Cytologic examination of material obtained by fine needle aspiration from his cervical lymph node revealed malignant mesothelioma. This was confirmed on histology. CONCLUSION: This was a particularly rare presentation and, as far as we are aware, was the first case in which mesothelioma was diagnosed by fine needle aspiration of a cervical lymph node. It serves to remind the pathologist that when confronted with a lymph node involved by tumor, the possibility of mesothelioma should be included in the differential diagnosis. The case also demonstrates the usefulness of fine needle aspiration in the diagnosis of metastatic tumor.
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8/188. Mesotheliomas with deciduoid morphology: a morphologic spectrum and a variant not confined to young females.

    Deciduoid mesotheliomas are rare with only four previously reported cases, all affecting the peritoneum of young females. We describe another six cases (three men and three women; age range 52-65 yrs, median 55 yrs; five peritoneal and one pleural). Three patients had an occupational history of asbestos exposure. The deciduoid appearance predominated in four cases, whereas in two it represented a minor component within conventional tubulopapillary epithelioid mesothelioma. All tumors were strongly cytokeratin-positive (including CK5/6) and all showed at least focal staining for thrombomodulin, HBME-1, and calretinin. All were negative for epithelial mucin (D/PAS), CEA, BerEP4, LeuM1 (CD15), CD21, CD35, and S100 protein. Five of six cases (83%) were vimentin-positive and two (33%) were focally positive for alpha-smooth muscle actin. A differential diagnosis of gastrointestinal autonomic nerve tumor (GANT) had been initially considered from the morphology of one case, and we found positivity for some of the "neuronal" markers described in GANTs. This prompted us to apply such a panel to the other five tumors, accepting that the cytokeratin positivity encountered in all of our cases would exclude GANT. All cases of deciduoid mesothelioma (100%) were positive for PGP 9.5 and NSE and four of six (66%) were positive for NKI/C3. Weak focal staining (<5% cells) for synaptophysin was seen in two of six tumors. All cases were chromogranin-negative. All cases examined by electron microscopy showed desmosomes and smooth microvilli without rootlets but no neuroendocrine granules. In conclusion, a deciduoid morphology appears to be part of the histopathologic spectrum encountered in epithelioid mesothelioma. This variant is not confined to female patients and occurs over a wider age range than previously recognized. The overlapping immunophenotype with GANTs illustrates that caution should be exercised when interpreting positivity for "neuronal" markers in this context. An immunohistochemical panel that includes cytokeratins should always be used.
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9/188. mesothelioma in an agricultural community of india: a clinicopathological study.

    mesothelioma is an uncommon neoplastic condition. Its association with asbestos exposure is well established, but it occurs even in non-industrial workers, and naturally there must be some other factors in its aetiology than asbestos exposure. In this report, five patients with primary mesothelioma, all belonging to a rural agricultural community with no chance of any asbestos exposure, have been documented. There was one common interesting observation, in that all five patients were associated with sugar-cane farming or an allied trade. Whether this observation is coincidental or has any aetiological bearing on mesothelioma needs further investigation. Its histopathological features, symptomatology, diagnosis, and treatment are discussed, with a brief review of the literature.
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10/188. Molecular characterization of SV40 dna in multiple samples from a human mesothelioma.

    BACKGROUND: Prolonged exposure to asbestos, a potent carcinogen, has been the generally accepted factor responsible for the development of human mesotheliomas. Recent reports documenting the detection of SV40 dna in human mesotheliomas suggest the possibility that this known tumor virus may be an additional factor involved in the development of some tumors. methods: A detailed analysis was performed by polymerase chain reaction and dna sequencing of the genetic characteristics of SV40 viral dna detected in samples taken from multiple sites of a human mesothelioma. RESULTS: A single virus variant was detected within the tumor that encoded a novel variable region at the C-terminus of the large T-antigen oncoprotein. The viral regulatory region was predominantly archetypal in sequence (lacking duplications of the enhancer), typical of natural isolates. CONCLUSIONS: These data confirm previous reports from several laboratories showing an association of SV40 dna with human mesotheliomas and provide the first evidence of a novel virus variant present in separated regions of a mesothelioma.
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