Cases reported "Metaplasia"

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1/25. Sulfomucins in helicobacter pylori-associated chronic gastritis in children: is this incipient intestinal metaplasia?

    BACKGROUND: Little is known about early stages of intestinal metaplastic in chronic gastritis. The purpose of this study was to determine the presence of sulfated mucosubstances hence most probably intestinal metaplasia, in isolated cells of surface gastric pits, and glands in pediatric patients with helicobacter pylori-associated chronic gastritis. methods: Participants were nine patients (nine different biopsies; mean age 11.5 years, range 3-16 years) with sulfomucin-containing cells evident in the gastric biopsy specimen. Eight of the patients were selected from a group of 15 patients with histologically documented H. pylori-associated chronic gastritis in whom the utility of the Sydney system was being tested. RESULTS: Symptoms and endoscopic findings of H. pylori-associated chronic gastritis were the same regardless of the presence or absence of sulfomucin-containing cells. On hematoxylin and eosin stained tissues, neither intestinal metaplasia nor atrophy was apparent. However, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-alcian blue (pH 1.0) stain revealed the presence of sulfated mucosubstances in isolated cells of gastric pits and glands in the nine patients. CONCLUSIONS: This finding may represent a "minimal" form of incomplete intestinal metaplasia (type III). Because the nine patients had been untreated, the change is probably reversible. Two follow-up biopsies in patients in whom H. pylori had been treated and eradicated showed absence of sulfated mucins. Although these findings cannot be regarded as fully developed type III intestinal metaplasia, it is possible that left untreated, the alteration may persist and evolve into some other complication. This conclusion justifies follow-up of these patients.
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2/25. Chondro-osseous differentiation in fat tissue tumors: magnetic resonance imaging with pathological correlation.

    Chondro-osseous differentiation of three benign or malignant fat tissue tumors--two chondrolipomas and a liposarcoma with cartilaginous metaplasia--was studied with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and compared with their pathological findings. The results suggest that demarcation of cartilage tissue can be clearly defined on MR imaging when the size of the cartilaginous area is large. Myxoid matrix, degenerative fat tissue and lipodystrophic change may decrease the delineation of the cartilage tissue.
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3/25. choroid plexus papilloma with osseous and adipose metaplasia.

    Rare cases of osseous and chondroid metaplasia in choroid plexus papillomas have been described. We report a case of left lateral ventricular choroid plexus papilloma presenting in a 25-year-old man. The tumor demonstrates prominent calcification with associated osseous metaplasia and a region of adipose metaplasia, which has not been previously described in these tumors. There is no evidence of mucin in the papilloma on mucicarmine and alcian blue stains. A MIB-1 labeling index (marker of cell proliferation) of 0.1% was noted. P53 immunoreactivity was not observed in the papilloma. Ann Diagn Pathol 5:43-47, 2001.
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ranking = 134.06896829445
keywords = adipose
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4/25. Central liponeurocytoma.

    The 2000 world health organization has included cerebellar liponeurocytoma in the category of glioneuronal tumors of the central nervous system. Once termed medullocytoma and considered an embryonal tumor, a variant of medulloblastoma, its indolent behavior and morphologic features prompted this nosologic change. Biphasic in appearance, the tumor consists of well-differentiated neurons with the cytology of neurocytes in addition to a population of lipidized cells resembling mature adipose tissue. Such tumors occur in older adults and have a relatively good prognosis. Linking the concept of liponeurocytoma to its occurrence in the cerebellum unnecessarily obscures the existence of similar neoplasms at other sites, such as among classic central neurocytomas of the lateral and third ventricles. Indeed, two such cases have briefly been reported. To these, we add a third example, the first to be ultrastructurally examined. Our case provides evidence that the lipid vacuoles progressively accumulate and coalesce within cells retaining neurocytic features. Thus, these distinctive lesions are the result of tumoral lipidization, rather than true adipose metaplasia.
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ranking = 53.62758731778
keywords = adipose
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5/25. Spindle cell myoepithelial tumours of the parotid gland with extensive lipomatous metaplasia. A report of four cases with immunohistochemical and ultrastructural findings.

    We report four cases of parotid gland tumours composed predominantly of spindle-shaped myoepithelial cells and mature adipocytes. The central portion of one tumour showed extensive adipose differentiation, whereas in the peripheral parts there were small foci of ductal epithelium arranged in cords and tubules within an abundant myxoid stroma. The other cases were adipose spindle cell myoepitheliomas without an obvious glandular component. Under high-power examination, a transition between modified spindle-shaped myoepithelial cells and adipocytes was observed, and this was confirmed with immunohistochemistry. Ultrastructurally, the modified myoepithelial cells showed intracytoplasmic tonofilaments, bundles of actin microfilaments and lipid droplets. A possible pathogenesis is proposed of true metaplastic transformation of myoepithelial cells to adipocytes. This lesion is important to identify correctly, as inadequate surgery can lead to recurrence.
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ranking = 53.62758731778
keywords = adipose
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6/25. Uterine adenomyoma with uterus-like features: a report of two cases.

    Two uterine adenomyomas with unusual features are presented. Case 1 was a 43-year-old woman who had a 1-year history of menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea. The uterus showed a 3-cm-sized mass attached to the posterior wall of the lower uterine segment. On section, there was a well-circumscribed, submucosal cystic mass with a thick muscular wall. Histologically, the cavities were lined by well-developed secretory-phase endometrium and surrounded by smooth muscle, like a small uterus. Case 2 was a 52-year-old woman who visited the hospital because of itching sensation on the vulva. On physical examination, the mass was found on the left side of the pelvis. The enlarged uterus had an 8-cm-sized protruding mass from the left side of the lower uterine segment. On section, the mass was cystic and solid. Histologically, the cysts were lined by thin basalis-type endometrial glands and stroma, and the solid portion was composed of smooth muscle and fat cells.
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7/25. Cartilaginous differentiation in peritoneal tissues: a report of two cases and a review of the literature.

    Two cases of cartilaginous differentiation of the peritoneum not associated with an intraabdominal malignancy are described. This is the first detailed report of cartilaginous metaplasia of the peritoneum. The patients were female, ages 53 (Patient 1) and 77 years (Patient 2). Prior medical histories were significant for a culdotomy (to drain pelvic abscesses associated with pelvic inflammatory disease) in Patient 1 and for an open abdominal surgery in Patient 2. The peritoneal lesions were incidental findings in both cases. In Patient 1, surgery was performed for a septated ovarian cyst; the other patient underwent surgery to relieve obstructive bowel symptoms. In Patient 1, multiple firm, white lesions ranging from 2.0 to 7.0 mm were present on the serosal surfaces and the mesenteries of the small and large bowel. In Patient 2, a single firm, white lesion measuring 2 cm in maximum dimension was removed from the mesentery of the ileum. Microscopically, the lesions consisted of small nodules of mature hyaline cartilage surrounded by nondescript fibrous tissue and covered by mesothelium. There was no foreign body giant cell reaction, inflammation, or other reactive changes in the surrounding adipose tissue. These may represent metaplastic lesions of the secondary mullerian system, or a unique peritoneal response to previous surgical manipulation. Alternatively, these may represent benign neoplastic lesions (chondroma) of the submesothelium.
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ranking = 26.81379365889
keywords = adipose
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8/25. lung pathology of fatal severe acute respiratory syndrome.

    BACKGROUND: severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a novel infectious disease with global impact. A virus from the family coronaviridae has been identified as the cause, but the pathogenesis is still unclear. methods: Post-mortem tissue samples from six patients who died from SARS in February and March, 2003, and an open lung biopsy from one of these patients were studied by histology and virology. Only one full autopsy was done. Evidence of infection with the SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and human metapneumovirus was sought by reverse-transcriptase PCR and serology. Pathological samples were examined by light and electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry. FINDINGS: All six patients had serological evidence of recent infection with SARS-CoV. Diffuse alveolar damage was common but not universal. Morphological changes identified were bronchial epithelial denudation, loss of cilia, and squamous metaplasia. Secondary bacterial pneumonia was present in one case. A giant-cell infiltrate was seen in four patients, with a pronounced increase in macrophages in the alveoli and the interstitium of the lung. Haemophagocytosis was present in two patients. The alveolar pneumocytes also showed cytomegaly with granular amphophilic cytoplasm. The patient for whom full autopsy was done had atrophy of the white pulp of the spleen. Electron microscopy revealed viral particles in the cytoplasm of epithelial cells corresponding to coronavirus. INTERPRETATION: SARS is associated with epithelial-cell proliferation and an increase in macrophages in the lung. The presence of haemophagocytosis supports the contention that cytokine dysregulation may account, at least partly, for the severity of the clinical disease. The case definition of SARS should acknowledge the range of lung pathology associated with this disease.
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ranking = 1.3333333333333
keywords = fat
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9/25. Computed tomography demonstration of lipomatous metaplasia of the left ventricle following myocardial infarction.

    Replacement of myocardium by fat, particularly of the right ventricle, is often diagnosed as arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia. At autopsy, however, 68% of scars associated with chronic ischemic heart disease have shown fatty metaplasia in the scar. Four patients with a past history of previous myocardial infarctions and computed tomography demonstration of fatty change in left ventricular regions of hypokinesis and infarction are presented. It is proposed that these findings represent ischemic fatty metaplasia, an alternative etiology of fatty tissue replacing myocardium.
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keywords = fat
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10/25. Primary intranodal cellular angiolipoma.

    angiolipoma is a distinct, benign soft tissue tumor that most commonly occurs in young males as multiple small, subcutaneous, tender to painful nodules with predilection for the forearms. We report a case of angiolipoma that developed within a lymph node. The patient was a 67-year-old man who underwent radical retropubic prostatectomy with diagnostic pelvic lymphadenectomy because of adenocarcinoma of the prostate. The prostate and 3 lymph nodes located in the obturator fossa were removed. On gross examination, the cut surface of 1 of the lymph nodes revealed an 8 x 5 mm, ovoid, sharply demarcated, nonencapsulated, gray lesion being suspicious for adenocarcinoma metastasis. Microscopically, the major portion of the lymph node was replaced by mature metaplastic adipose tissue. The angiolipoma was seen as a well-demarcated, nonencapsulated lesion composed of numerous small blood vessels lined by monomorphous flattened or spindled endothelial cells. Many vascular lumina were filled with fibrin thrombi. There were scanty mature adipocytes. Focally, areas with increased cellularity and a suggestion of solid growth of the endothelial cells were seen. lymph nodes are known to be a rare primary site of various tumors usually occurring in other organs. The knowledge of these tumors is important in order not to interpret them as metastatic lesions. The most recognized examples are pigmented nevi, palisading myofibroblastoma, various benign epithelial inclusions, serous cystic tumors of borderline malignancy, and hyperplastic mesothelial inclusions. As we present in this report, angiolipoma is another neoplasm whose primary occurrence in the lymph node should not be misinterpreted as a metastatic tumor or malignant vascular tumor.
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ranking = 26.81379365889
keywords = adipose
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