Cases reported "Metaplasia"

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1/21. Necrotizing sialometaplasia.

    Two cases of necrotizing sialometaplasia are reported together with a review of the literature. This self-limiting benign lesion is easily confused with malignant tumors. The lesions are characterized histologically by an extensive necrosis of the salivary gland tissue together with squamous metaplasia of the ducts. The present report of two females who had intense pain in the initial phase differs from previous reports concerning age and symptoms. The importance of rather extensive biopsy specimens is stressed. Antibiotic treatment appears to be insignificant. A clinical history of allergy and a dominance of eosinophilic granulocytes in the inflammatory exudate in both cases may indicate an allergic etiology.
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ranking = 1
keywords = sialometaplasia, necrotizing sialometaplasia, necrotizing
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2/21. Sialometaplasia arising in the ectopic salivary gland ductal inclusions of multiple intraparotid lymph nodes.

    Sialometaplasia, squamous metaplasia of salivary gland lobules, is a benign condition occasionally presenting with lesions clinically simulating malignancy. "Necrotising sialometaplasia", recognised by lobular infarction, necrosis, and simultaneous squamous metaplasia of ducts and acini is a well known condition. There are only a few reports of the "proliferative type of sialometaplasia", which is recognised by a more mature morphology of larger and more irregular metaplastic nests, lacking necrosis. This report describes a unique case of "proliferative sialometaplasia of multiple intraparotid lymph nodes" occurring in a 55 year old woman, presenting with multiple parotid lumps. This interesting case points to the importance of intraparotid lymph nodes as sites for multiple lesions of the parotid region.
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ranking = 0.53606332833395
keywords = sialometaplasia
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3/21. radiation-induced squamous sialometaplasia.

    We describe a patient with recurrent acantholytic squamous cell carcinoma following radiation therapy. Mohs micrographic sections revealed extensive squamous sialometaplasia showing striking histologic similarity to the patient's squamous cell carcinoma. Criteria necessary to differentiate squamous sialometaplasia from neoplasm are presented. This differentiation is important to ensure adequate tumor resection without unnecessary sacrifice of tumor-free tissue.
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ranking = 1.0721266566679
keywords = sialometaplasia
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4/21. Necrotizing sialometaplasia: review of the literature and report of nonulcerative case.

    A review of the literature and a report of a case of necrotizing sialometaplasia of the hard palate is presented. Because necrotizing sialometaplasia may be misdiagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma or mucoepidermoid carcinoma, it is important that the clinician and pathologist take the necessary precautions to prevent any further mutilative surgery for this benign disease entity.
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ranking = 1.2852488955547
keywords = sialometaplasia, necrotizing sialometaplasia, necrotizing
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5/21. Necrotizing sialometaplasia after bronchoscopy.

    Since the introduction of necrotizing sialometaplasia into the literature as a distinct pathologic entity in 1975, there have been several reports containing microscopic findings consistent with the disease primarily of the hard palate, but also of the soft palate, major salivary glands, retromolar pad of the mandible, and mucous glands of the nasal cavity. Localized ischemia appears to be a common link. All reported lesions heal with or without surgical intervention. Generous incisional biopsy specimens should be taken and aggressive surgery should be avoided.
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ranking = 1
keywords = sialometaplasia, necrotizing sialometaplasia, necrotizing
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6/21. Proliferative sialometaplasia arising in an intraparotid lymph node.

    A case of florid proliferative sialometaplasia arising in salivary ductal inclusions in an intraparotid lymph node is described. This lesion probably represents an exuberant response to sialadenitis. Other entities that enter into its differential diagnosis in this particular location are discussed. Except for Warthin tumors, lesions of clinical import originating from such inclusions are rare.
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ranking = 0.89343888055659
keywords = sialometaplasia
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7/21. Posttraumatic lobular squamous metaplasia of breast. An unusual pseudocarcinomatous metaplasia resembling squamous (necrotizing) sialometaplasia of the salivary gland.

    Squamous metaplasia arising in nonneoplastic breast parenchyma is reportedly rare. We present a unique case which occurred following severe blunt trauma to the right breast of a 59-yr-old woman. The lesion contained sheets of squamous cells with a lobular growth pattern, bland cytology with few mitoses, and keratin and keratohyalin granules. It bore a striking resemblance to squamous (necrotizing) sialometaplasia of the salivary gland in that it exhibited lobular, pseudocarcinomatous growth. The patient has remained free of disease 49 mo after segmental resection of the lesion. Four previous cases of squamous metaplasia of the female breast have been reported, though none presented with a history of trauma or previous surgical manipulation. It is important to differentiate this entity from pure squamous cell carcinoma, and metaplastic change in ductal breast carcinoma, fibroadenoma, and other lesions. breast aspiration biopsies revealing squamous cells cannot exclude carcinoma; thus, caution must be exercised.
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ranking = 0.89370881665493
keywords = sialometaplasia, necrotizing
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8/21. Neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis: a cause of gastric metaplasia in the mid-ileum.

    Following neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis in a premature Aboriginal baby, a stricture developed in the distal small intestine. At laparotomy a 1.0 cm stricture was found in a 25 cm thick-walled, oedematous segment of the mid-ileum. biopsy demonstrated antropyloric-type ectopic mucosa and, therefore, the oedematous segment was removed. The resected specimen contained several distinct areas of flat antropyloric gastric mucosa as well as ileal mucosa. Although no acid-producing cells could be demonstrated, mucosal ulceration was prominent in several areas. Scanning electron microscopy demonstrated gastric pits. Immunoperoxidase technique for gastrin failed to demonstrate gastrin-containing cells. It is believed that this mucosa represents a metaplasia that has been induced in response to mucosal damage, which in turn was initiated by necrotizing enterocolitis. It is believed this would represent the first reported case.
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ranking = 0.00032392331800331
keywords = necrotizing
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9/21. Necrotizing sialometaplasia. A condition simulating malignancy.

    Necrotizing sialometaplasia occurred in a 55-year-old woman. The ulcerated lesion on the hard palate was treated conservatively and resolved spontaneously in about three months. The histology of the lesion consisted of coagulative necrosis of the salivary gland lobules and prominent squamous metaplasia within adjacent viable lobules. Since this benign lesion has frequently been mistaken for mucoepidermoid carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma, recognition of it may spare the patient a radical surgical procedure.
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ranking = 0.89343888055659
keywords = sialometaplasia
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10/21. Necrotizing sialometaplasia of palate.

    A patient with necrotizing sialometaplasia of the hard palate was treated with wide resection on a biopsy diagnosis of carcinoma. The literature on this recently identified entity is reviewed and the characteristic clinical features, histopathology and ultrastructure are summarized. To the best of our knowledge, no ultrastructural study concerning this entity has been previously reported. Unless recognized early, an extensive resection might be done needlessly.
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ranking = 1
keywords = sialometaplasia, necrotizing sialometaplasia, necrotizing
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