Cases reported "Microcephaly"

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1/51. Supernumerary chromosome inherited from a maternal balanced translocation leading to pure trisomy 9p.

    We describe a child with a supernumerary chromosome defined as der(9)t(9;22) (q12;p11), resulting in trisomy 9p and trisomy 22p. The mother carried the balanced translocation. In G- and C-banding the derivative chromosome 9 appeared to be dicentric and to contain 22q material. Using in situ hybridization we defined the exact breakpoints of the translocation and ruled out the possibility of a centric fission in the mother's chromosomes.
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ranking = 1
keywords = trisomy
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2/51. An inherited translocation t(4;15) (p16;q22) leading to two cases of partial trisomy 15.

    A four year old girl with severe mental retardation and multiple congenital abnormalities manifested "partial trisomy 15". Her mother, pregnant at the time of examination, possessed a balanced translocation which, after banding techniques, was identified as t(4;15)(p16;q22). Amnio-centesis revealed the karyotype of the fetus to be identical to that of the proposita and a therapeutic abortion was performed. Prenatal investigation of a subsequent pregnancy revealed a normal male karyotype. Comparison of the proposita and aborted fetus of this family with the 5 reported other cases of "partial trisomy 15" does not allow for a precise recognizable clinical syndrome.
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ranking = 3.2991288655949
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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3/51. A case of insertional translocation resulting in partial trisomy 16p.

    This report concerns the case of a boy with partial trisomy 16p resulting from the insertional translocation of the short arm of chromosome 16 into the long arm of chromosome 1 in his father. He was referred for genetic testing because of mental retardation, short stature, microcephaly, seizures and multiple dysmorphic features. Chromosome analysis performed in the child demonstrated the presence of additional material in the long arm of chromosome 1. Paternal high resolution chromosome analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridisation revealed the following karyotype: 46,XY,ins(1;16)(q42;p13.1p13.3), while the karyotype of the boy is 46,XY,der(1),ins(1;16)(q42;p13.1p13.3)pat. This is the first reported case of partial trisomy 16p due to paternal insertional translocation.
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ranking = 3.2991288655949
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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4/51. Phenotypic findings due to trisomy 7p15.3-pter including the TWIST locus.

    We report on a three-month-old boy with a 46,XY,der(Y)t(Y;7)(p11.32;p15.3) karyotype and growth deficiency, postnatal microcephaly with large fontanels, wide sagittal and metopic sutures, hypertelorism, choanal stenosis, micrognathia, bilateral cryptorchidism, hypospadias, abnormal fingers and toes, and severe developmental delay. FISH studies showed partial trisomy 7p resulting from a de novo unbalanced translocation. The application of molecular probes from the TWIST gene region (7p15.3-p21.1) and probes from the pseudoautosomal region (PAR) demonstrated that the 7p15.3-pter fragment was translocated onto Yp with the breakpoint within approximately 20 kb from the Yp telomere. We discuss the possible role of the TWIST gene in abnormal skull development and suggest that trisomy 7p cases with delayed closure of fontanels can be a result of TWIST gene dosage effect.
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ranking = 1.3831881442658
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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5/51. Maternal UPD 20 in an infant from a pregnancy with mosaic trisomy 20.

    Maternal uniparental disomy (UPD) 20 was found in a 35-month-old girl, the product of a pregnancy complicated by a prenatal diagnosis of mosaic trisomy 20. Phenotypic abnormalities included pre- and postnatal growth failure, microcephaly, minor dysmorphic features and psychomotor developmental delay. Chromosomal analysis on cord blood revealed only a normal 46,XX karyotype. Microsatellite analysis of 27 chromosome 20 loci confirmed maternal UPD for all 11 informative markers. Maternal heterodisomy was detected in two and maternal isodisomy in three loci. In the remaining six loci, a non-informative maternal UPD pattern was displayed, as mother and proband are homozygous for the same allele. To our knowledge this is the first reported case of maternal disomy 20 with normal karyotype ascertained by a mosaic trisomy 20 pregnancy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = trisomy
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6/51. trisomy of the distal third of the long arm of chromosome 10. Report of a new case due to a familial translocation t(10;18) (q24;p11).

    A new case of trisomy of the distal third of the long arm of chromosome 10 due to familial translocation t(10;18) (q24;p11) is described. The main clinical and radiological signs may be summarized as follows: growth at lower limits of normal; poor facial expression; round, flat face with high, broad forehead, fine, highly arched eyebrows, pseudohyperthelorism, microphthalmia, flat, broad bridged nose, hypoplasia of the bony structures of the central area of the face, "fish mouth", macroglossia, micrognathia; short neck; marked dextroconvex lumbar scoliosis; psychomotor delay of mild degree; selective, more pronounced speech delay. Our observation confirms the suggestion by Yunis and Sanchez that a clinical syndrome corresponds to this chromosomal alteration. However, some interesting differences from the previously reported cases, i.e., the absence of microcephaly and of severe impairment of growth and psychomotor development induce us to establish a more favorable prognosis in our case.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = trisomy
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7/51. trisomy 2q.

    Two unrelated patients with trisomy 2q32 leads to q37, resulting from maternal balanced translocations t(2; 13) (q32 q33) and t(2; 15) (q32 q26) are reported. Conparison of the clinical findings suggests that trisomy 2q is associated with a rather characteristic constellation of symptoms and malformations.
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ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = trisomy
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8/51. Partial trisomy for 5q and monosomy for 12p in a liveborn child as a result of a complex five breakpoint chromosome rearrangement in a parent.

    A balanced complex chromosome rearrangement (CCR) involving four chromosomes is very rare and may lead to different types of aneuploid germ cells. We report a liveborn child with multiple congenital anomalies and an apparently balanced translocation, t(11;12). High resolution chromosome analysis in the mother showed a CCR involving chromosomes 5, 11, 12, and 16. In situ hybridisation showed that this CCR was the result of a five break rearrangement, and that the derivative chromosome 12 consisted of parts of chromosomes 5, 11, and 12. From this it could be deduced that the karyotype of the child was not balanced, but resulted in partial trisomy for 5q and partial monosomy for 12p. The clinical findings in the child were compatible with partial trisomy for 5q.
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ranking = 1.7663762885316
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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9/51. 9q34.3 deletion syndrome in three unrelated children.

    We described three unrelated children with cryptic 9q34.3 rearrangements and similar clinical manifestations: two with 9q34.3 terminal deletions and the other with an unbalanced translocation involving 9q34.3-qter monosomy and 6p25-pter trisomy. Common features among the three we studied and the other six patients with 9q34.3 deletions in the literature include microcephaly, mental retardation (MR), hypotonic, and epileptic seizures. Their facial characteristics included flat face, arched eyebrows, synophrys, hypertelorism, short nose, anteverted nostrils, carp mouth, protruding tongue, micrognathia, and pointed chin. Other frequent abnormalities were cardiac abnormalities, cryptorchidism or hypospadias, and abnormal toes. These findings are characteristic enough to be a clinically recognizable syndrome.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = trisomy
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10/51. Duplication of the distal long arm of chromosome 15: report of three new patients and review of the literature.

    patients with trisomies or duplications of distal 15q have rarely been reported in the literature. Previous authors [Zollino et al., 1999: Am J Med Genet 87:391-394] have described a distal 15q trisomy syndrome, including the unusual features of prenatal overgrowth, tall stature, macrocephaly, and craniosynostosis. We report three new patients with a duplication of 15q24-q26.3; features common to the two surviving patients include ptosis, small size, and developmental delay. None of these patients had craniosynostosis or overgrowth. We propose that the previously described distal 15q trisomy syndrome [Zollino et al., 1999: Am J Med Genet 87:391-394] may result from specific disruption of a gene linked to 15q25, rather than partial trisomy for the region.
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ranking = 0.88318814426581
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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