Cases reported "Mixed Tumor, Mesodermal"

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1/23. Malignant mixed mesodermal tumor presenting as metastatic lymph node adenosquamous cell carcinoma: a case report.

    A solitary inguinal lymph node metastasis from a poorly differentiated adenosquamous cell carcinoma of unknown origin in a 52-year-old female is described. The patient was reported to have had a 2-cm palpable mass in the left inguinal area for three years. She had made regular annual clinic visits for Pap smears since the age of 45 years. Her last visit was eight months prior to a complaint of progressive abdominal distention and dull pain of three months' duration. physical examination showed a huge pelvic mass, and ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging of the abdomen showed a 12-cm complex solid mass on the left ovary. The patient underwent a complete excisional biopsy of the left inguinal lymph node. Frozen section pathology revealed a poorly differentiated adenosquamous cell carcinoma. Exploratory laparotomy immediately followed pathologic confirmation of malignancy of the left inguinal lymph node. Complete surgical staging including abdominal cytology, total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, infracolic omentectomy, retroperitoneal lymph node sampling and excisional biopsy was performed for all suspicious lesions. Stage IIIC malignant mixed mesodermal tumor (MMMT) was diagnosed due to positive left inguinal lymph node metastasis. However, the retroperitoneal lymph node and intra-abdominal cavity did not show spread of the tumors, except those confined to the left ovary with adhesion to the cul-de-sac, and sole lymph node metastasis in a left inguinal lymph node. Although we could not prove that the left inguinal lymph node metastasis had been present for the three years that it was palpable without histologic confirmation, we believe that any enlarged inguinal lymph node might be the first hint of underlying malignancy in the pelvic area, lower extremities or perineal area. In cases of a poorly differentiated carcinoma of inguinal lymph nodes of unknown origin, the abdomen should be carefully evaluated. ( info)

2/23. A case of malignant mixed mesodermal tumor (MMMT) of the ovary: MR features before and after chemotherapy.

    Malignant mixed mesodermal tumor (MMMT) of the ovary is rare. We describe the MR findings of this tumor before and after chemotherapy. Although MR findings were not specific to ovarian MMMT, MR images provided useful information about the effect of chemotherapy. Thus we could select appropriate therapy. ( info)

3/23. Malignant mixed mesodermal tumor arising in a benign cystic teratoma.

    The occurrence of sarcoma in a benign cystic teratoma is very rare. We report the first poorly differentiated, malignant mixed mesodermal tumor with a component of rhabdomyosarcoma to arise in a benign cystic teratoma of the ovary. The tumor was staged as FIGO IC due to capsule invasion. Although combination chemotherapy of cisplatin, ifosfamide and mesna, was instituted, the disease took a rapidly progressive course. After an unusual metastasis to the scapula was detected, the patient deteriorated and died in the forth postoperative month. ( info)

4/23. Pelvic malignant mixed mesodermal tumor of uncertain origin: a case report.

    Extra-uterine, and especially extragenital, malignant mixed mesodermal tumors (MMMT) are very rare. A large intrapelvic tumor resected from a 56-year-old woman was investigated with morphological and immunohistochemical methods. A large, soft and fragile tumor was located in the pelvic space. The tumor showed high cellularity and was biphasic; it consisted of an admixture of adenocarcinoma and various kinds of sarcomas. The latter were comprised of high-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma, pleomorphic sarcoma, and chondrosarcoma. The pleomorphic sarcoma showed a storiform pattern. The periodic acid-Schiff-positive eosinophilic hyaline droplets and globules in multinucleated giant cells revealed a typical ring-like or peripheral staining for alpha-1-antitrypsin and alpha-1 antichymotrypsin. We considered this case to be pelvic MMMT of uncertain origin, heterologous type. ( info)

5/23. Endometrial mesodermal mixed tumor occurring after tamoxifen treatment: report on a new case and review of the literature.

    BACKGROUND: Anti oestrogenic treatment is widely used for breast cancer treatment and prevention of recurrence. Because of concomitant estrogenic effects, tamoxifen exerts carcinogenic properties on the endometrium. Although secondary endometrial cancers usually present as pure adenocarcinomas, other types of rare tumors have also been reported. patients AND methods: Herein we describe the clinical, pathological as well as therapeutic aspects of a new case of endometrial mesodermal mixed tumor occurring after long-term tamoxifen therapy. RESULTS: The present case occured five years after cessation of a five years tamoxifen treatment. The patient failed to respond to doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide when combined to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), but she reached complete response when the same two drugs were used with carboplatin, suggesting the potential usefullness of platinum derivatives. CONCLUSIONS: A longer latency period might be observed for endometrial mesodermal mixed tumors as compared to adenocarcinomas and could justify a prolonged clinical and ultrasonographic follow-up of patients during and after tamoxifen treatment. When indicated, chemotherapy might require the use of platinum derivatives in this particular type of secondary tumor. ( info)

6/23. Coexistent choriocarcinoma and malignant mixed mesodermal tumor of the uterus.

    OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to report a case of coexisting uterine choriocarcinoma and uterine malignant mixed mesodermal tumor (MMMT). The relevant literature is reviewed and possible pathogenesis discussed. methods: The clinical course and histopathology of the case were reviewed and a medline literature search for other cases was performed. RESULTS: The patient's uterine tumor contained syncytiotrophoblastic and cytotrophoblastic cells that stained positively for the beta subunit of human chorionic gonadotrophin consistent with uterine choriocarcinoma. pathology also revealed a second distinct neoplasm composed of adenocarcinoma admixed with sarcoma, compatible with a uterine MMMT. The patient experienced metastatic choriocarcinoma to her lungs, lymph nodes, and brain. She suffered a complicated clinical course and died 7 months after her initial diagnosis. The literature search revealed that various gynecologic and nongynecologic carcinomas with trophoblastic differentiation have been described, but an association with uterine MMMT has not been previously reported. CONCLUSIONS: Trophoblastic differentiation and choriocarcinoma associated with gynecologic and nongynecologic tumors is rare. We document the presence of uterine MMMT coexisting with uterine choriocarcinoma that followed an aggressive clinical course and review the possible pathogenesis of this lesion. ( info)

7/23. Incidental finding of malignant mixed mesodermal tumor at hysterectomy for uterine prolapse. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: The finding of unanticipated pathology in a uterus after vaginal hysterectomy for prolapse is uncommon. CASE: An incidental small malignant mixed mesodermal tumor was found at vaginal hysterectomy in a 68-year-old woman. CONCLUSION: A MED-LINE search found no other reported cases of malignant mixed mesodermal tumor in a patient undergoing vaginal hysterectomy for uterine prolapse. Unexpected endometrial and cervical lesions will be discovered occasionally after hysterectomy for benign disease. ( info)

8/23. Malignant mixed mesodermal tumor in a young woman with polycystic ovary syndrome. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Malignant mixed mesodermal tumors (MMMTs) are uncommon, highly aggressive tumors of the uterus composed of both carcinomatous and sarcomatous elements, both likely to be derived from the same original stem cell. There is a strong association between endometrial adenocarcinoma and polycystic ovary disease. However, only two cases of MMMT occurring in women with polycystic ovaries have been reported. CASE: A 36-year-old woman with polycystic ovary disease developed an MMMT of the endometrium. CONCLUSION: Some cases of MMMT may be estrogen related. ( info)

9/23. Cytoreductive surgery plus intraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion is an effective treatment for metastasized malignant mixed mesodermal tumours (MMMT)--report of six cases.

    BACKGROUND: Malignant mixed mesodermal tumours (MMMT) of the female genital tract are rare and heterogeneous malignancies that impart grim prognosis. These tumours are characterized by an admixture of malignant epithelial and stromal elements comprising carcinomatous and sarcomatous neoplastic cells. Thus far, almost 350 cases of MMMT have been recorded in the international medical literature. Due to its rarity, there is no agreement on the best treatment strategy in women with metastasized MMMT. methods: Six women (mean age 59 years) with metastasized MMMT defined to the peritoneal cavity have been treated by cytoreductive surgery plus hyperthermic peritoneal perfusion plus postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. All patients have been pre-treated by surgery for primary tumour and one by systemic chemotherapy. As cytostatics for hyperthermic peritoneal perfusion, we have used mitomycin in a dosage of 18 mg/m2 plus melphalan in a dosage of 25 mg/m2. As adjuvant treatment CDDP 40 mg/m2/dl, mitomycin 7 mg/md2/dl and Ifosfamid 100 mg/kg 24 h/dl was applicated via intraaortic catheter three times with a treatment free interval of 3 weeks. RESULTS: A complete cytoreduction without remnant tumour formations in the peritoneal cavity could be carried out in all six patients. The postoperative course was uneventful in all cases except for one where a spontaneous small bowel perforation and prolonged gall secretion had to be treated by re-operation. One patient died 4 months later by pneumonia without evidence of disease. Four patients are without evidence of disease after 2, 4, 14 and 19 months, whereas one patient developed liver metastases after 9 months still treated by systemic chemotherapy. CONCLUSION: Complete cytoreduction plus hyperthermic peritoneal perfusion plus adjuvant chemotherapy seems to be an effective treatment for recurrent or metastasized MMMT. Further studies have to define the value of this new treatment strategy for this rare tumour entity. ( info)

10/23. Simultaneous bilateral occurrence of a mixed mesodermal tumor and cystadenocarcinoma in the ovary.

    The mixed mesodermal tumor is a very uncommon malignancy. The aggressiveness of this lesion is illustrated by extremely poor prospects for afflicted patients: postoperative survival is usually shorter than 24 months. According to the literature, malignant mixed tumor of the ovary is rather rare and its occurrence with other malignancy is exceptional. We report here a case of a 62-years old woman with serous cystadenocarcinoma in the right ovary and a heterologous malignant mixed mesodermal tumor in the left one. Both tumors expressed cytokeratins, while only the mesodermal tumor expressed S-100 and focal NSE. ( info)
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