Cases reported "Mouth Abnormalities"

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11/44. Limb anomalies following chorionic villus sampling: a registry based case-control study.

    Using data from the Italian Multicentric Birth Defect Registry a case-control study was performed to verify if chorionic villus sampling (CVS) was associated with transverse limb defects (TLD), with or without features of oro-mandibular-limb hypogenesis complex (OMLHC), in the exposed offspring. The results show that the risk of TLD and OMLHC is increased following CVS, and is particularly high for CVS performed early in pregnancy, i.e., under 70 days of gestational age. These results, together with a review of other epidemiologic studies, biological data and clinical reports, strongly suggest a causative role of CVS as a risk factor for TLD and indicate that at this stage CVS before 70 days of gestational age should be discouraged as an option for prenatal diagnosis and that all patients wishing to undergo CVS should be informed about the possible risk of the procedure.
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ranking = 1
keywords = defect
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12/44. oral manifestations in ellis-van creveld syndrome: report of five cases.

    ellis-van creveld syndrome, or chondroectodermal dysplasia, is an autosomal recessive disorder with characteristic clinical manifestations. Its incidence in the general population is low. The oral manifestations of Ellis-van Creveld are found in soft tissues and teeth, but the dental literature on the subject is scarce. In the last 20 years, 5 cases of ellis-van creveld syndrome have been followed at the pediatric dentistry Service of the Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, Barcelona. The present study describes the constant and variable oral findings in these patients, which play an important role in the diagnosis criteria for the syndrome. The presence of a great variety of oral manifestations such as fusion of the upper lip to the gingival margin, presence of multiple frenula, abnormally shaped and microdontic teeth, and congenitally missing teeth requires multidisciplinary dental treatment, with consideration for the high incidence of cardiac defects in these patients.
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ranking = 11633.200621833
keywords = ectodermal dysplasia, dysplasia, defect
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13/44. ectodermal dysplasia, ectrodactyly, clefting, anophthalmia/microphthalmia, and genitourinary anomalies: nosology of Goltz-Gorlin syndrome versus EEC syndrome.

    We report on two unrelated Brazilian girls born to normal and nonconsanguineous parents and presenting ectodermal dysplasia, ectrodactyly, clefting, tear duct anomalies, and micro/anophthalmia. The clinical picture presented by these patients suggests the diagnosis of Goltz-Gorlin (focal dermal hypoplasia) syndrome and EEC syndrome.
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ranking = 12016.96233875
keywords = ectodermal dysplasia, dysplasia
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14/44. Ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting (EEC) syndrome presenting with a large nephrogenic cyst, severe oligohydramnios and hydrops fetalis: a case report and review of the literature.

    OBJECTIVES: To report a case of EEC syndrome with a large nephrogenic cyst detected by prenatal ultrasonography. methods: Prenatal ultrasonographic detection, genetic counselling, termination of pregnancy, radiographic study, autopsy and ultrastructural study of scalp hair. The literature on EEC syndrome with genitourinary anomalies and prenatal diagnosis was also reviewed. RESULTS: A 6-cm cyst in the right side of abdominal cavity was detected in a fetus of 24 weeks' gestational age with severe oligohydramnios and hydrops fetalis. The autopsy revealed bilateral renal dysplasia with a large nephrogenic cyst at the right side and markedly hypoplastic urinary bladder and pulmonary hypoplasia. The fetus also had ectrodactyly and syndactyly of hands and feet and ectodermal dysplasia and left cleft lip and palate. Ultrastructure of hair from scanning electron microscopy revealed no obvious abnormality. CONCLUSION: This is a rare case of fetal malformation partly detected prenatally. In order to detect this syndrome, careful ultrasound search for acral anomalies should be performed in cases with renal malformation or obstructive uropathy.
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ranking = 58257.193538395
keywords = ectodermal dysplasia, dysplasia
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15/44. The oral manifestations of Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis vi): a case report.

    Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome is one of the genetic disorders involving disturbances in mucopolysaccharide metabolism resulting in increased storage of acid mucopolysaccharide in various tissues. The basic defect in Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome is a deficiency of arylsulfatase B, which leads to accumulation of dermatan sulfate in tissues and their urinary excretion. The deposition of mucopolysaccharides leads to a progressive disorder involving multiple organs that often results in death in the second decade of life. This disease, which has several oral and dental manifestations, is first diagnosed on the basis of clinical findings. A large head, short neck, corneal opacity, open mouth associated with an enlarged tongue, enlargement of skull, and a long antero-posterior dimension are the main characteristic features. Dental complications can be severe and include unerupted dentition, dentigerous cystlike follicles, malocclusions, condylar defects, and gingival hyperplasia. An 11-year-old boy with Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis type VI) is described in this article, with special emphasis on the oral manifestations.
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ranking = 2
keywords = defect
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16/44. Cockayne's syndrome: a case report. literature review.

    Cockayne s syndrome is a genetic disorder with a recessive autosomal inheritance, described first by Cockayne in 1936. patients with this syndrome present failure to thrive, short stature, premature aging, neurological alterations, photosensitivity, delayed eruption of the primary teeth, congenitally absent of some permanent teeth, partial macrodontia, atrophy of the alveolar process and caries. It could be caused by two gene mutations, CNK1 (ERCC8) and ERCC6, located on the 5 and 10 chromosomes respectively, causing two variations of Cockayne s syndrome, CS-A, secondary to a ERCC8 mutation and CS-B with ERCC6 mutation, the last one causes hypersensitivity to the ultraviolet light secondary to a dna repair defect. The syndrome is also associated with mutations of the XPB, XPD and XPG genes. In this report we present a 9 year and 4 month old patient. He had a height of 94 cm, weight of 8.6 Kg, head circumference of 42 cm. and blood pressure of 120/80. Cachectic habitus, kyphosis, microcephaly, oval face, sunken eyes, a thin and beaklike nose, lack of subcutaneous facial fat (especially in the middle of the face), and large ears give the patient a birdlike appearance. It is notorious the photosensitivity in all the sun-exposed skin. The patient also displays delayed psychomotor skills and mental retardation. In the oral cavity we found deficient hygiene, gingivitis, cervical caries, enamel hipoplasia, abnormal position of the upper and inferior lateral incisors, macrodontia of the upper central teeth, the left one presented a caries. In the x-ray we observed congenital absence of 14, 23 and 24 teeth and mandibular hipoplasia. The aim of this review is to show the dentistry community the characteristics of the Cockayne s syndrome by means of a clinical case.
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ranking = 1
keywords = defect
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17/44. Multiple periorbital dermoid cysts, clefting and mental retardation: a new malformation syndrome?

    We report a child with multiple anomalies that was born to healthy nonconsanguineous parents after an unremarkable pregnancy. The female infant had bilateral cleft lip and palate, bilateral toe syndactyly (second and third with no bony fusion), multiple bilateral periorbital tumors, ectropion, lagophthalmos, strabismus and prominent eyes. High frontal hairline and everted lower lip were also noted. Soon after delivery, she was referred to the 'Cleft Clinic' where she underwent cleft lip and palate repair. Seven dermoid cysts were also removed from both periorbital areas. Follow-up documented moderate developmental retardation, hypothyroidism and hydronephrosis. Although some features of our patient overlap with those described in ectrodactyly, ectodermal dysplasia and cleft lip/palate, Martinez, Zlotogora-Ogur, Filippi, Freihofer and Blepharocheilodontic syndromes, our patient has a combination of features not previously reported.
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ranking = 11632.200621833
keywords = ectodermal dysplasia, dysplasia
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18/44. A family with autosomal dominant oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum.

    Oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum (MIM 164210) is a term suggested by Gorlin to summarize the different phenotypic expressions of a continuum that has been known as hemifacial microsomia, goldenhar syndrome, or first and second branchial arch anomalies. The different terms indicate the extremely variable clinical findings, including especially defects of aural, oral and mandibular development. Additionally, cardiac, renal, skeletal and other anomalies occur. The majority of oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum cases are sporadic; nevertheless, several families have been reported with proof of both autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive inheritance. We describe a family with transmission of oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum from a mother to her two daughters indicating an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. Our literature review reveals that patients with autosomal dominant inheritance of oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum are more often bilaterally affected than patients with sporadic occurrence of oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum. In addition, hearing loss, absent or narrow external auditory canal, anomalies of the mouth and epibulbar dermoids seem to occur less frequently in patients with autosomal dominant oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum compared with sporadic oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum.
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ranking = 1
keywords = defect
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19/44. EEC syndrome: report on 20 new patients, clinical and genetic considerations.

    We report on 20 Brazilian patients (11 sporadic and 9 familial cases) with the ectrodactyly, ectodermal dysplasia, clefting syndrome (EEC syndrome). Genetic aspects, clinical manifestations, and differential diagnosis of the syndromes involving ectodermal dysplasia/limb anomalies and cleft lip/palate are discussed.
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ranking = 23264.401243666
keywords = ectodermal dysplasia, dysplasia
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20/44. Persistent buccopharyngeal membrane with cleft palate. A case report.

    A case of persistent buccopharyngeal membrane associated with cleft palate is reported. Persistence of the buccopharyngeal membrane results in partial fusion of the jaws and inability in opening and should be labeled as partial syngnathia. An association of this condition with cleft palate occurs as a part of the aglossia-adactylia and the popliteal pterygium syndromes. Though infrequently reported in the literature, presence of a persistent buccopharyngeal membrane associated with only cleft palate, without the other characteristics of the syndromes, does occur and should be recognized as a separate developmental defect.
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ranking = 1
keywords = defect
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