Cases reported "Mouth Diseases"

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1/8. Medico-dental dilemmas.

    patients with a variety of diseases in the oro-facial region are frequently confused when trying to decide from which of the professions of medicine and dentistry to seek treatment. Furthermore, during the process of arriving at a diagnosis, numerous practitioners and specialists in both professions may be called in for consultation, thus adding to the dilemma. Four cases are reported in this article to illustrate the problem, and some conclusions are drawn as to how it may be minimized albeit not completely solved.
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ranking = 1
keywords = dentistry
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2/8. Acquired allergic reaction to topical anesthesia--a case report.

    The incidence of allergic reactions to injected local anesthesia in dentistry is rare. This case was initially suspected of being such an allergic reaction. Careful history taking and immunological techniques indicated a reaction to the topical anesthesia.
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ranking = 1
keywords = dentistry
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3/8. Treatment of mucus retention phenomena in children by the micro-marsupialization technique: case reports.

    The purpose of the present study was to emphasize the technique of micro-marsupialization as an alternative for the treatment of mucus retention phenomena. Out of 41 patients, 14 were selected for treatment by the micro-marsupialization technique on the basis of clinical criteria. Patient age ranged from 5-9 years. The technique was performed as follows: the area was disinfected with 0.1% iodine; a topical anesthetic was applied to cover the entire lesion for approximately 3 min; a 4.0 silk suture was passed through the internal part of the lesion along its widest diameter; and a surgical knot was made. Of the original 14 patients treated by the micro-marsupialization technique, 12 presented full regression one week after treatment. recurrence occurred in two cases. It was possible to conclude that the micro-marsupialization technique is an alternative to be considered, especially in pediatric dentistry.
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ranking = 1
keywords = dentistry
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4/8. Adverse reactions associated with the use of eugenol in dentistry.

    eugenol is a material commonly used in dentistry with few reported side effects. It is not however, a bio-friendly material when in contact with oral soft tissues. It can produce both local irritative and cytotoxic effects, as well as hypersensitivity reactions. Here we report on two cases of adverse local reaction to eugenol, contained within a temporary restorative material and a temporary cementation material respectively, which illustrate these problems.
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ranking = 5
keywords = dentistry
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5/8. cri-du-chat syndrome: dental considerations and report of case.

    cri-du-chat syndrome is a severe disease resulting from a deletion of the short arm of chromosome number 5. The basic medical disorder includes dysmorphic facies, mental retardation, and a striking catlike cry in infancy. Because of significant oral anomalies and difficulty in behavior management, the syndrome is of particular interest to the dental practitioner. A case with many of the typical medical findings and significant dental considerations is reported. An aggressive preventive dentistry program is essential. A thorough understanding of the medical and developmental problems of the patient with cri-du-chat syndrome ensures safe and effective dental care.
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ranking = 1
keywords = dentistry
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6/8. thermography and oral inflammatory conditions.

    A brief review of the literature on the use of thermography in medicine and dentistry is presented. This is followed by the presentation of eleven case reports of the use of thermography in dental clinic patients with various oral inflammatory conditions. The results showed that in seven of the eleven cases the thermogram was able to delineate the involved from the noninvolved side. The findings were nonspecific, however, and in its current form thermography cannot be used alone for differential diagnosis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = dentistry
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7/8. Metal allergy in dentistry: detection of allergen metals with X-ray fluorescence spectroscope and its application toward allergen elimination.

    Numerous metal allergies possibly resulting from intraoral metal restorations have been reported, although the mechanism of onset is not yet completely understood. Allergen elimination may be the most effective treatment, and location of allergen metal becomes essential. The x-ray fluorescence spectroscope was used to detect the allergen metals in intraoral metal restorations and personal and household items of metal allergy patients. The apparatus was evaluated preceding its clinical application, and restorations and personal items for 381 patients were analyzed to detect allergens. Successful diagnoses and allergen elimination treatment of three patients are reported.
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ranking = 4
keywords = dentistry
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8/8. lasers in dentistry.

    Since the development of the ruby laser by Maiman in 1960, there has been great interest among dental practitioners, scientists, and patients to use this tool to make dental treatment more pleasant. Oral soft tissue uses are becoming more common in dental offices. The possible multiple uses of lasers in dentistry, beyond soft tissue surgery and dental composite curing, unfortunately, have not yet been realized clinically. These include replacement of the dental drill with a laser, laser dental decay prevention, and laser decay detection. The essential question is whether a laser can provide equal or improved treatment over conventional care. Safe use of lasers also must be the underlying goal of proposed or future laser therapy. With the availability and future development of different laser wavelengths and methods of pulsing, much interest is developing in this growing field. This article reviews the role of lasers in dentistry since the early 1960s, summarizes some research reports from the last few years, and proposes what the authors feel the future may hold for lasers in dentistry.
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ranking = 7
keywords = dentistry
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