Cases reported "Mouth Diseases"

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1/38. Maxillofacial hydatid cysts.

    We report 2 cases of hydatid cysts occurring in the submandibular gland and buccal submucosa, respectively. Our first case occurred in the submandibular salivary gland of a 20-year-old woman and the second involved the buccal submucosa of a 6-year-old boy. Both diagnoses were made after the excision of the lesions. Both patients were evaluated after surgery, and both were followed up, but no other organs were involved.
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keywords = submandibular gland, submandibular, gland
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2/38. Heterotopic gastrointestinal cyst partially lined with dermoid cyst epithelium.

    We report a rare heterotopic gastrointestinal cyst located in the right submandibular/submental area with histopathologic features that included portions resembling a dermoid cyst. Some theories of pathogenesis are discussed, and an origin of this lesion in entrapped undifferentiated endodermal cells is suggested.
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ranking = 0.23201737555046
keywords = submandibular
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3/38. A case of buccal abscess; originating from an ectopic accessory parotid gland?

    We report a case of an abscess from an 'ectopic' accessory parotid gland in the cheek demonstrated by sialography and computed tomography (CT). The accessory parotid gland was ectopically located anterolateral to the masseter muscle and isolated from the main parotid gland. The orifice and ductal system of the ectopic accessory parotid gland were separated from those of Stensen's duct. The abscess developed from this ectopic accessory gland, and the main parotid gland was free of inflammation. Using sialography and CT, we confirmed the presence of this ectopic accessory gland.
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ranking = 0.13074031620882
keywords = gland
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4/38. Primary ectopic thyroid papillary carcinoma in the floor of the mouth and tongue: a case report.

    We report a rare case of papillary carcinoma in the tongue and floor of the mouth with metastasis in cervical lymph nodes. Treatment was by total thyroidectomy with right radical lymph node dissection of the neck, followed by 60 Gy of radiotherapy and 100 mCi (131)I. Pathological examination of the thyroid gland showed no primary cancer. We review publications about ectopic thyroid and the value of antithyroglobulin immunostaining for diagnosis and treatment of the tumour.
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ranking = 0.011885483291711
keywords = gland
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5/38. Superficial mucoceles and lichenoid graft versus host disease: report of three cases.

    Superficial mucoceles are subepithelial extravasations of sialomucin that occur at the epithelial-connective tissue interface and are directly related to minor salivary glands. They have been described in association with oral lichen planus and, exceptionally, with chronic graft versus host disease. Three patients who underwent an allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for a chronic myelogenous leukaemia presented multiple superficial mucoceles and an oral lichenoid graft versus host disease.
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ranking = 0.011885483291711
keywords = gland
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6/38. Marsupialization for treatment of oral ranula: a second look at the procedure.

    Simple marsupialization to manage oral ranula has fallen into disfavor because of excessive failures and the high incidence of iatrogenically caused cervical ranula that may follow this procedure. With the simple addition of packing the entire pseudocystic cavity with gauze after its unroofing, the rate of recurrence is minimized. It is recommended that oral ranula be treated initially by marsupialization with packing and, if recurrence occurs, then the offending sublingual gland should be excised.
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ranking = 0.011885483291711
keywords = gland
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7/38. oral manifestations of graft versus host disease. Case report.

    This study has been carried out in order to understand and increase our knowledge about the oral manifestations and the treatment required for Graft Versus Host disease. The complication of allogeneic transplants with haematopoietic cells is revised. The clinical case report deals with a nine-year-old girl who was treated in our unit of Integrated Paediatric dentistry after referral by her paediatrician. The symptoms of Graft Versus Host disease are basically characterised by immunodeficiency, diarrhoea, weight loss, dermatological and hepatic alterations and oral manifestations. This group of syndromes, caused by the fact that the receptor acquires 30% to 50% of the donor's immune system, can become acute leading to a 20% to 30% mortality rate. The syndromes are chronic in 50% of cases, when sometimes the destruction of the salivary glands is the only manifestation and has a mortality rate of 5%. From the odontological point of view 80% of patients are affected, although we should make the distinction between the manifestations which are directly caused by the disease, and those caused by chemotherapy or radiotherapy. oral manifestations (caries, mucositis, ulcers, infections, etc) should be treated as soon as possible. Positive co-operation between physicians is of vital importance.
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ranking = 0.011885483291711
keywords = gland
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8/38. Sebaceous adenoma of oral cavity: report of case and comparative proliferation study with sebaceous gland hyperplasia and Fordyce's granules.

    Sebaceous adenoma (SA) is a rare solitary tumour with a predilection for the forehead and scalp. In the English literature, less than 10 cases of SA have been described in the oral cavity. The objective of this study was to examine the clinicopathologic features and evaluate the expression of epidermal growth factor and its receptor, estrogen receptor and androgen receptor in SA and in its differential diagnoses including sebaceous gland hyperplasia (SGH) and Fordyce's granules (FG). Additionally, we analysed the proliferative potential of sebaceous cells from SA, SGH and FG by measuring proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression and quantification of argyrophilic nuclear organizer regions (AgNORs). The SA showed many clinicopathologic similarities to cases previously reported including the biphasic population of cells, in the periphery of lobules undifferentiated basaloid cells whereas the central area was formed by mature sebocytes. SA was composed of 198 lobules of sebaceous cells, whereas SGH and FG showed a mean of 21 /- 7.81 and 5.84 /- 2.83, respectively. The AgNOR and PCNA indices were similar in SA, SGH and FG. These data suggest that lobule counts may be used as additional criteria in distinguishing SA of the oral cavity from other intraoral sebaceous gland lesions.
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ranking = 0.071312899750267
keywords = gland
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9/38. Giant twin sialoliths presenting with acute cellulitis: a case report.

    Sialolithiasis is a process of unknown aetiology in which calculus concretions form in the salivary gland ducts and tissue. It may occur at any age but it is most common in middle-aged adults. A case is presented of the occurrence of double giant sialoliths in the left Wharton's duct in a 16-year-old boy. The clinical symptoms and signs were somewhat atypical and included acute suppurative cellulitis in the floor of the mouth plus localized periodontitis involving 36. Under a local anaesthetic the stones were surgically extracted and healing was uneventful. Proper interpretation of symptoms and thoughtful investigation for localization of salivary stones is emphasized.
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ranking = 0.011885483291711
keywords = gland
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10/38. Functional MR imaging of submandibular herniation of sublingual tissues through a gap of the mylohyoid muscle in two cases of submandibular "masses".

    Except for neoplasms, in symptomatic patients with submandibular swellings, gaps of the mylohyoid muscle may be the cause of herniations of sublingual tissues, such as fat and/or the sublingual gland. In two patients with a submandibular swelling, MRI with standard sequences including contrast enhancement was performed to exclude a neoplastic lesion. In addition, we performed a trueFISP sequence during modified Valsalva's maneuver. In both patients, a neoplasm was excluded. Instead, the trueFISP sequence during the modified Valsalva's maneuver showed submandibular herniation of sublingual tissues. If MRI of the floor of the mouth does not show a neoplasm, an additional functional MR investigation should be performed. Gaps of the mylohyoid muscle can be the cause of herniating sublingual tissues (similar to plunging ranulas). During the modified Valsalva's maneuver, sublingual fat and/or gland can herniate and cause a symptomatic submandibular swelling. A coronal trueFISP sequence is particularly suited to demonstrate this.
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ranking = 2.807979473189
keywords = submandibular, gland
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