Cases reported "Mouth Neoplasms"

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1/45. melanoma of the face and mouth in nigeria. A review and comment on three cases.

    The absolute incidence of melanoma at all sites in blacks is higher than is commonly credited. There is a shift in site incidence to less pigmented areas including the mucosae but oral melanoma is still rarely reported in Africans. An unusual case of facial melanoma arising in a childhood naevus, and two oral melanomas, all in Nigerians, are described. The salient clinical features and the treatment of these cases are discussed, and the possible relationship between pigmented patches and melanomas in the mouths of blacks is examined.
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ranking = 1
keywords = melanoma
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2/45. melanoma in situ of the oral mucosa in an adolescent with dysplastic nevus syndrome.

    We describe a case of melanoma in situ occurring on the oral mucosa in an adolescent male patient who has dysplastic nevus syndrome. This association has not been previously reported and is of interest both because of the rarity of melanoma involving the oral mucosa, particularly in childhood, and because of the lack of any previous reports of oral mucosal melanoma in association with the dysplastic nevus syndrome.
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ranking = 0.6
keywords = melanoma
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3/45. Pigmented lesion of the oral cavity with eight years follow-up.

    A 27 year old white female with a pigmented lesion on the anterior portion of the mandibular gingival is described. A prophylactic excisional biopsy was performed in conjunction with a gingival graft. A gingival graft was performed to accelerate the healing process and reduce post operative discomfort. An intradermal nevus was diagnosed. The number of documented oral nevi in the literature now exceeds 200 and approximately half of them are histologically of the intradermal type. If early detection of thin oral melanomas is to be achieved, all pigmented oral cavity lesions should be viewed with suspicion.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = melanoma
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4/45. Malignant melanoma in the palate of a 3-month-old child.

    BACKGROUND: Malignant mucosal melanoma of the head and neck is a rare cancer in adults that carries a grave prognosis. Three mucosal melanomas in pediatric patients have previously been reported. methods: We present here the youngest case of malignant mucosal melanoma of the head and neck in a 3-month-old boy. He presented with a 2 x 2-mm-pigmented lesion on the anterior maxillary alveolus. The patient was treated with local excision alone. RESULTS: The patient has remained disease free with regular follow-up for 117 months. CONCLUSION: Based upon this case and the few cases reported in the literature, mucosal melanoma is a much less common disease in children than in adults. Further, juvenile mucosal melanoma displays a benign clinical behavior.
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ranking = 1.8
keywords = melanoma
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5/45. Primary malignant melanoma of the oral cavity: case report.

    An 80-year-old-female patient had a pigmented lesion on: the hard palate, the soft palate, the alveolar mucosa and the vestibular mucosa of the maxillary gingiva. Pigmented macules and patches had been persistent and asymptomatic for many years (Fig. 1). The lesion exhibited irregularities of pigmentation, border and surface contour. About 1 year later the patient had noticed an extension of the pigmented macules and plaques; there was also the appearance of nodules of the maxillary gingiva accompanied by swelling. Loosening of teeth as a result of extensive destruction of bone was further noted (Fig. 2). The histological examination showed a downward streaming in the dermis of the tumor cells and a disintegration and ulceration of the epidermis (Fig. 3). An increased number of large round or polygonal cells resembling atypical epithelioid cells were found on the submucosa. The atypical cells had enlarged, pleomorphic nuclei with prominent and sometimes multiple nucleoli. Mitoses were observed at various tissue levels (Fig. 4). Abundant pigmented melanin was present in the tumor cells (Fig. 5). Many cells had fine, dusty melanin particles. The tumor cells showed great variations in size. Immunohistochemical staining, with S100 protein and HMB45 antibodies, stained many of the spindleshaped cells, indicating that they were melanocytic cells. An inflammatory infiltrate of lymphocytes was seen in a band beneath the invading tumor cells.
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ranking = 1.8461367926422
keywords = malignant melanoma, melanoma
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6/45. Amelanotic malignant melanomas of the oral mucosa.

    Oral amelanotic melanomas are rare and the prognosis is poorer than that of pigmented melanomas because of delays in establishing the correct diagnosis and in the initiation of treatment. Amelanotic forms are also thought to be biologically more aggressive than pigmented melanomas. We have seen three cases of oral amelanotic melanomas since 1970, in two of whom the diagnosis was long delayed. Two lesions were not pigmented but one had slight pigmentation. One patient simultaneously had both an amelanotic and a pigmented melanoma in the oral cavity. Lymph node metastases and distant metastases developed in all patients, two of whom eventually died of the disease. early diagnosis by histological examination together with immunostaining with S100 and HMB-45 are the keys to improve survival for patients with amelanotic melanoma.
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ranking = 3.0461367926422
keywords = malignant melanoma, melanoma
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7/45. Malignant melanoma of the oral mucosa in a 17-year-old adolescent girl.

    Mucosal melanomas of the oral cavity are rarely seen in the united states. The hard palate is the most common intraoral site. This unusual case occurred in the oral cavity of a 17-year-old Asian girl, who presented to her dentist with complaints of pain and swelling in the upper jaw. The lesion was distal and palatal to the maxillary left second molar, which was vital. Interestingly, the clinical presentation was a hyperplastic, tender lesion that bled when probed. Histopathologically, the biopsy demonstrated a sheet of spindle-shaped cells arranged in nests and fascicles. The nuclei were vesicular, oval to spindle-shaped, and some contained nucleoli that were distinguishable but not prominent. No melanin pigment was observed in the lesion. Tumor cells strongly expressed S100 protein, gp100 (HMB-45), and microphthalmia transcription factor, and variably expressed MART1, but not cytokeratins, CD34, or muscle-specific actin. The histopathologic features and immunohistochemical findings are consistent with a diagnosis of malignant melanoma.
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ranking = 1.4615341981606
keywords = malignant melanoma, melanoma
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8/45. Angiosarcoma of the head and neck with intra-oral presentation. A clinico-pathological study of four cases.

    Angiosarcoma of the head and neck is a rare malignant tumour that most commonly involves the skin and subcutis, particularly of the scalp. It has been reported in intra-oral locations very rarely. This study reports on the clinico-pathological features of four such cases, in elderly patients and manifesting an aggressive course. All patients were admitted for rapidly enlarging masses involving the hard palate, alveolar crest and retromolar trigone and displaying bone destruction in three cases. Morphologically, three cases were composed by bundles of spindle cells admixed with variably sized abortive vascular channels which only showed slit-like spaces separating large clusters of epithelioid cells. In all instances, intra-cytoplasmic vacuoles containing intact or fragmented red blood cells were distinctly evident. All neoplasms showed consistent CD 31 immunoreactivity and variable degrees of CD 34 and factor viii related antigen positivity and were responsible for the death of the patients, for local progression or lung metastases, within 6 months from the original diagnosis. Due to their rarity, angiosarcomas with intra-oral presentation may be diagnosed with difficulty, especially on small incisional biopsies. and their differentiation from spindle cell carcinoma, malignant melanoma, anaplastic lymphoma, malignant myoepithelioma and other sarcomas that more commonly arise at this site should be based on accurate immunohistochemical characterisation.
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ranking = 0.46153419816056
keywords = malignant melanoma, melanoma
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9/45. Primary malignant melanoma of the maxillary gingiva.

    BACKGROUND: Mucosal malignant melanoma arising from the mucosa of the head and neck region is a rare entity, accounting for approximately 0.2% of all melanomas. Most of these lesions (80%) have occurred on the maxillary anterior gingival area, especially on the palatal and alveolar mucosa. OBJECTIVE: Mucosal malignant melanomas are more aggressive than cutaneous melanomas. On the other hand, complex anatomy of this area makes complete surgical excision difficult. Thus, early diagnosis and treatment are important. methods: We presented primary malignant melanoma of the maxillary gingiva in two cases. CONCLUSION: In mucosal malignant melanoma, survival rates may be increased by early diagnosis and treatment. The clinician must carefully examine oral cavity, and pigmented lesions should be biopsied. Because some melanomas may be amelanotic, a high index of suspicion is necessary.
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ranking = 4.2922735852844
keywords = malignant melanoma, melanoma
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10/45. Oral malignant melanoma. A case report.

    Oral malignant melanoma is a rare aggressive neoplasm of middle age, has predilection for the palate and maxillary gingiva or alveolar ridge and about 1/3rd of these neoplasms may develop from existing melanosis. A case of malignant melanoma in a 55 year old male is being reported. The patient was treated surgically. It is emphasised that the presence of pigmented oral mucosa must alert the clinician to the possibility of malignant melanoma.
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ranking = 3.2307393871239
keywords = malignant melanoma, melanoma
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