Cases reported "Multiple Organ Failure"

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1/31. aeromonas sobria infection with severe soft tissue damage and segmental necrotizing gastroenteritis in a patient with alcoholic liver cirrhosis.

    A 49-year-old man, who had a 3-year history of liver dysfunction but had not been treated, was admitted to the hospital with a sudden onset of fever and generalized muscle pain. He subsequently developed generalized purpura with scattered hemorrhagic bullae of the skin and massive bloody stools. aeromonas sobria was proven by culture of both blood and bullous fluid. In spite of the extensive treatment with antibiotics and other medications in the intensive care unit (ICU), the patient went into septic shock and died 2 days after admission. Pathological examination on autopsy revealed segmental necrotizing gastroenteritis with bacterial colonies and alcoholic liver cirrhosis, in addition to extensive severe soft tissue damage involving cellulitis and rhabdomyolysis and epidermolysis. Although the prognosis for vibrio vulnificus infection with severe soft tissue damage in patients with liver cirrhosis, malignancy, diabetes mellitus or other pre-existing diseases is poor, the unfavorable progression of aeromonas species, especially A. sobria infection is rare. This is thought to be the first report of an autopsied case.
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2/31. Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome induced by whole-body hyperthermia and polychemotherapy in a patient with disseminated leiomyosarcoma of the uterus.

    OBJECTIVE: Whole-body hyperthermia (WBH) in combination with chemotherapy is a relatively new promising treatment modality for patients with cancer. The objective of this report is to present the development of an acute systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) following WBH in combination with chemotherapy. Although WBH can also induce cytokine production, MODS has not been described before in association with WBH. DESIGN: Case report. The patient was treated with WBH (core temperature 41.8 degrees C using a radiant heat device (Aquatherm) ) in combination with polychemotherapy (ifosfamide, carboplatin and etoposide (ice) ) in the context of a clinical trial for metastatic sarcomas. SETTING: Department of medical oncology and intensive care unit of a university hospital. PATIENT: A 58-year-old Caucasian woman treated for disseminated leiomyosarcoma of the uterus, who developed SIRS with brain dysfunction, hypotension, respiratory failure and renal dysfunction following WBH/ice. INTERVENTIONS: She was successfully treated in the intensive care unit by mechanical ventilation, inotropics and antibiotics. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: There was a remarkable recovery within 2 days: she regained full conciousness, could be extubated, inotropic support was stopped and creatinine levels returned to pre-treatment levels. All cultures remained sterile. After almost complete recovery, 5 days later a second episode of fever during neutropenia occurred and, despite antibiotic treatment, she died of bacteroides distasonis sepsis. CONCLUSION: WBH should be added as a new cause to the already known list of physical-chemical insults which can result in MODS.
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3/31. Coma as an acute presentation of adrenoleukodystrophy.

    X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy is a metabolic disorder with broad clinical variations. A 4-year-old male admitted to the hospital with fever, hypotension, and coma as the presenting signs of adrenoleukodystrophy is reported. The initial presentation followed by rapidly developing disseminated intravascular coagulopathy and multiorgan failure suggested an initial diagnosis of septic shock. However, bronze skin pigmentation and a cranial computed tomography scan demonstrating posterior demyelination consistent with adrenoleukodystrophy led to the final diagnosis. The diagnosis was confirmed by the findings of elevated very-long-chain fatty acid levels and an elevated C24/C16 ratio in plasma and fibroblast cultures. Atypical presentations of the disease require a high index of suspicion to initiate treatment before the appearance of irreversible sequelae.
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4/31. Perinatal lethal form of Gaucher's disease presenting with hemosiderosis.

    A term infant with hydrops fetalis presented with hypotonia, massive splenomegaly, renal failure, and severe hyperferritinemia. multiple organ failure, myoclonus, and opisthotonus ensued and she died at 15 days of age. High rounded forehead, large open fontanel, and a small recessed chin led to initial premortem diagnosis of zellweger syndrome, but her plasma profile of long chain fatty acid was normal. Her subsequent clinical course and findings of postmortem examinations were consistent with perinatal lethal form of Gaucher's disease (PLGD). The diagnosis was confirmed by deficiency of enzyme beta-glucocerebrosidase in white blood cells and in cultured fibroblasts. In addition to the crossover features of Zellweger phenotype, this infant exhibited a number of unusual features including, severe hyperferritinemia, rapid progression of splenomegaly, and absence of icthyosis.
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5/31. candida tropicalis pacemaker endocarditis.

    A rare case of candida tropicalis pacemaker endocarditis was diagnosed in a 77-year-old male who presented with lethargy. The organism was isolated from cultures of blood and vegetations on the tricuspid valve, interatrial septum and the pacing wire removed at surgery. The postoperative course was stormy and he succumbed to multiorgan failure.
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6/31. A role for transoesophageal echocardiography in the early diagnosis of catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome.

    We describe a previously healthy 28-year-old woman who presented with the clinical picture of large vessel occlusions (stroke with left hemiparesis, myocardial infarction) and developed multi-organ failure (i.e. kidneys, heart, brain, liver, blood, skin) over a very short period of time. Peripheral blood smear was consistent with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Transesophageal echocardiogram was supportive of the diagnosis of catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS), revealing Libman-Sacks endocarditis. Blood cultures were negative, anticardiolipin antibodies were highly increased and lupus anticoagulant was positive. Cerebral and coronary angiograms were negative, suggesting possible microthrombotic occlusive disease in the setting of CAPS.
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7/31. mycobacterium mucogenicum isolated from a patient with granulomatous hepatitis.

    mycobacterium mucogenicum is a recently characterized, rapid-growing mycobacteria rarely seen in human infections. We describe the case of a 51-year-old man with rapidly progressive granulomatous hepatitis caused by M. mucogenicum. Although premortem evaluation failed to identify an etiologic agent, autopsy liver cultures produced smooth, rapid-growing mycobacterial colonies. Biochemical, growth, and cell wall fatty acid characteristics were consistent with the identification of M. mucogenicum.
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8/31. A patient with diabetes mellitus and severe arterial embolism.

    An 89-year-old man with diabetes mellitus was admitted to the hospital because of a low-grade fever and a disturbance in consciousness. He had been diagnosed as having diabetes mellitus at the age of 22 years and had been taking oral hypoglycemic drugs for 16 years at least. A few days before admission, a loss of appetite was noticed by his family; he developed a stupor on the day of admission. On physical examination, his lower extremities were pale and his skin temperature was low. Laboratory tests showed an increase in his white blood cell count and his blood culture was positive for staphylococcus aureus. An MRI showed that the abdominal aorta was totally occluded beneath the renal arteries, and no significant collateral circulation was observed. He was given antibiotics and anticoagulants, but his general condition continued to worsen. Laboratory tests showed renal failure and liver dysfunction, indicating multi-organ failure. On the 24th day of admission, he died of respiratory and heart failure. An autopsy showed the aorta to be totally occluded beneath the renal arteries by an embolism; atherosclerotic changes were rather mild. Acute plaque change on the surface of the aorta may have induced the sudden development of emboli in the aorta.
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9/31. Fatal inhalational anthrax with unknown source of exposure in a 61-year-old woman in new york city.

    A 61-year-old woman who was a new york city hospital employee developed fatal inhalational anthrax, but with an unknown source of anthrax exposure. The patient presented with shortness of breath, malaise, and cough that had developed 3 days prior to admission. Within hours of presentation, she developed respiratory failure and septic shock and required mechanical ventilation and vasopressor therapy. Spiral contrast-enhanced computed tomography of the chest demonstrated large bilateral pleural effusions and hemorrhagic mediastinitis. Blood cultures, as well as dna amplification by polymerase chain reaction of the blood, bronchial washings, and pleural fluid specimens, were positive for bacillus anthracis. The clinical course was complicated by liver failure, renal failure, severe metabolic acidosis, disseminated intravascular coagulopathy, and cardiac tamponade, and the patient died on the fourth hospital day. The cause of death was inhalational anthrax. Despite epidemiologic investigation, including environmental samples from the patient's residence and workplace, no mechanism for anthrax exposure has been identified.
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10/31. Systemic Apophysomyces elegans after trauma: case report and literature review.

    We present a case of systemic fungal infection caused by Apophysomyces elegans in a 50-year-old patient who developed a progressive skin lesion after a motor vehicle crash. Histopathological and mycological examination of the surgical sample showed non-septated hyphae characteristic of mucoraceous fungi. Despite extensive surgical debridement, and parenteral administration of amphotericin b, the patient died of multi-organ failure. autopsy findings suggested systemic involvement. The fungi recovered from culture had non-apophyseal and globose sporangi, and branched sporaniophores and was identified as Apophysomyces elegans.
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