Cases reported "Multiple Trauma"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

21/235. Acetabular fracture.

    A twenty-eight-year-old female bicyclist was struck by a car. Associated injuries after trauma work-up included a splenic laceration that is to be treated with observation and a history of loss of consciousness with a negative head CT. x-rays and representative CT scan cuts are enclosed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

22/235. Treatment of infection and non-union after bilateral complicated proximal tibial fracture.

    BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Complicated tibial fractures form a great challenge for orthopaedic surgeons. Non-unions and infections are more common in complicated than in closed fractures. In the present study, we describe a patient case treated for non-union combined to chronic osteomyelitis after bilateral open proximal tibial fractures. MATERIAL AND methods: A female patient born in 1946 was multi-traumatised, when a car hit her as a pedestrian. She went through multiple operations of both tibias due to bilateral complicated proximal fractures. Fractures were stabilised at first with internal fixation, which had to be changed to external fixation due to infection of both sides. During the last operative step a commercial bone graft based on hydroxyapatite and bovine type I fibrillar collagen/tricalcium phosphate ceramic (Collagraft) mixed with autogenous bone marrow was applied. RESULTS: Fractures united after 28 (right tibia) and 22 (left tibia) months of follow-up. At the final follow-up visit 55 months after the initial accident patient walked without any aid and showed no signs of an infection. CONCLUSIONS: The use of commercial mixed xeno-/autogenous-bone graft may provide a feasible alternative in complicated chronic non-unions of the tibia even when an infection is present, especially when autogenous bone is not easily available after previous attempts of bone grafting.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

23/235. Combined fracture of the talus: Arthroscopic treatment.

    The purpose of this article is to report the treatment and short-term results of a combined fracture of the talus treated arthroscopically. A 29-year-old man sustained an anterolateral osteochondral grade III fracture of the talus dome associated with a coronal fracture of the body of the talus. This injury was reduced and fixed arthroscopically using cannulated screws. The patient returned to his daily style of living after 3 months time. One year later, the patient remains asymptomatic. radiography showed neither signs of osteonecrosis nor osteoarthritis of the talus at the 1-year follow-up. Therefore, arthroscopic surgery could be an alternative treatment for this kind of talus fracture.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

24/235. Type III tibial avulsion fracture with associated anterior cruciate ligament injury: Report of two cases in adults.

    Tibial spine avulsion fractures are more common in children than adults. Many reports have provided classification and treatment options, including fixation for displaced type III fractures. However, long-term follow-up on injury to the anterior cruciate ligament and knee joint stability in adults is not well documented. We present 2 cases of type III tibial avulsion fractures in adults with associated interstitial injury to the anterior cruciate ligament. Primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction was performed in both patients.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.75
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

25/235. Four-level noncontiguous fracture of the vertebral column: a case report.

    The case of a patient with four-level fractures of the vertebral column, located at the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral regions, three of which were unstable, is reported. There were no injuries in the appendicular skeleton. Neurological involvement was potentially caused by multilevel compressions. This patient was treated aggressively with early surgical stabilization of all unstable levels, which facilitated early expeditious rehabilitation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.25
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

26/235. Operative treatment of a transverse fracture-dislocation at the S1-S2 level.

    SUMMARY: The authors recently treated a multiply injured patient who sustained a rare fracture-dislocation at the S1-S2 level. The S1 vertebra was displaced forward into the pelvic cavity and was located just in front of the S2 vertebra. Because the patient also had extensive neurologic injury to the lumbar plexus and instability of the pelvic ring, operative treatment was deemed necessary. Surgery to stabilize the pelvis and decompress the lumbar plexus proved successful, and the patient experienced marked improvement in her postoperative neurologic function. Nonoperative treatment has traditionally been recommended for this injury, but advances in spinal surgery have made transverse sacral fractures more amenable to open reduction and fixation. Potential benefits of this operative treatment include relief of pressure from the lumbar plexus, a stable pelvis and facilitation of return of neurologic function.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.5
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

27/235. Open reduction internal fixation after displacement of a previously nondisplaced acromial fracture in a multiply injured patient: case report and review of literature.

    SUMMARY: A twenty-eight-year-old multiple trauma patient had a nondisplaced acromion fracture that was not detected until after it had displaced. Open reduction internal fixation was performed without complication and the patient achieved excellent shoulder abduction strength. Nondisplaced acromion fractures may displace if not protected. Open reduction internal fixation of displaced acromion fractures should be considered if deltoid muscle strength is important to the patient.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.75
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

28/235. Three epiphyseal fractures (distal radius and ulna and proximal radius) and a diaphyseal ulnar fracture in a seven-year-old child's forearm.

    SUMMARY: The authors report a rare case of fracture separations at both ends of the radius combined with an epiphyseal and diaphyseal fracture of the ipsilateral ulna. A seven-year-old girl fell one story and sustained a closed injury of her forearm. A closed reduction was unsuccessful, and an open reduction was performed with three of the four fractures being secured with Kirschner wires. These wires were removed one month later, and range-of-motion exercises were started. Thirty months after surgery, both forearms were equal in length, although the proximal radial epiphyseal line appeared partially closed. Joint motions, including forearm rotation, were normal. Radiologically, the ulnar diaphysis and the radial neck were posteriorly convex 20 degrees and 18 degrees, respectively.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2.75
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

29/235. Injuries to the posterolateral aspect of the knee accompanied by compression fracture of the anterior part of the medial tibial plateau.

    We present 12 cases of patients with injury to the posterolateral aspect of the knee accompanied by a compression fracture of the anterior part of the medial tibial plateau. There were 11 male patients and 1 female patient with an average age of 26 years (range, 17 to 44 years). There were 4 cases of posterolateral rotatory instability and 8 cases of straight lateral instability of the knee. The size of the compression fracture was classified into 2 types, small (8 cases) and large (4 cases). Although the mechanism of injury was considered to be hyperextension and varus force, the pattern of cruciate ligament injuries varied from case to case. The following 3 questions should be considered to determine which cruciate ligament is damaged: (1) Was the ipsilateral foot fixed to the ground? (2) Was forward inertia involved? (3) Was there a direct blow to the anteromedial aspect of the tibia or to the femur? Accompanied fractures of the medial tibial plateau were considered to have been compressed by the medial femoral condyle. The size of the accompanying compression fracture varied; 7 of 8 cases with a small-type fracture had posterior cruciate ligament injuries and 3 of 4 cases with a large-type fracture had anterior cruciate ligament injuries. The size of the fracture is determined by which point of the medial tibial plateau touched the medial femoral condyle. We propose that a compression fracture of the anterior part of the medial tibial plateau indicates a coexistent posterolateral aspect injury, and that especially a small compression fracture strongly suggests an accompanying posterior cruciate ligament injury, as well.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3.25
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

30/235. Paradoxical fat embolism after intramedullary rodding: a case report.

    Following intramedullary rodding of two long-bone fractures, a twenty-year-old woman developed the clinical picture of fat embolism syndrome with severe neurological involvement. Corroborating evidence suggested paradoxical embolization of fat as the precipitating cause of this neurologic deterioration. The suspected pathophysiology of this event is discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)
<- Previous || Next ->


Leave a message about 'Multiple Trauma'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.