Cases reported "Muscle Neoplasms"

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11/35. Intramuscular benign lipoma of the temporalis muscle.

    An intramuscular lipoma within the musculature of the head and neck is unusual. Most of them are infiltrating lipomas, and we know of no description of a well-circumscribed lipoma of the temporalis muscle. We present a 64-year-old woman who had a non-pulsatile, soft, mobile mass in the right temporal fossa. The lesion 11 x 8 x 3 cm in size was diagnosed using magnetic resonance imaging, it was resected, and she has recovered well with a good cosmetic result.
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keywords = neck
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12/35. Rare localization of paraganglioma in head and neck.

    In this paper, we describe the clinical course of a 61-year-old female patient with paraganglioma in the head and neck region. Computed tomographic scan (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound scan (US) and arteriogram findings initially led us to suspect that this tumor originated in the vagal nerve. In particular, a color Doppler US enabled an easy diagnosis of hypervascular tumor. We removed this surgically, but the tumor was easy to peel from the vagal nerve and carotid bifurcation. The distal side of the tumor was under the digastric muscle and running into the hypoglossal nerve. The intraoperative findings were highly suggestive of localization at the hypoglossal nerve, although Xth and XIIth cranial nerve palsies have remained.
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keywords = neck
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13/35. An unusual metastatic site of laryngeal carcinoma: scapular muscles.

    It is well known that in advanced cervical metastatic disease of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, the incidence of distant metastasis is high. A case of distant metastasis to the scapular muscles from an uncontrolled cervical metastasis of laryngeal carcinoma is presented. Other unusual metastatic sites are reviewed and the possible mechanism of the spread is discussed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neck
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14/35. Infiltrating intramuscular lipoma of the temporal muscle. A case report with molecular cytogenetic analysis.

    Intramuscular lipomas are uncommon benign mesenchymal tumors which infiltrate skeletal muscle and are exceedingly rare in the head and neck region. Because of the infiltrating nature of the lesion and a high propensity for recurrence, they are sometimes difficult to distinguish from well-differentiated liposarcomas (WDLS). We report, the first case of an infiltrating lipoma of the temporal muscle in a 62-year-old white man who presented with a slow growing mass in the left temporal region. The histopathological examination showed diffuse infiltration of the striated muscle fibers by mature adipocytes. There were no lipoblasts or cells with atypical nuclei as described in WDLS. We performed interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analyses using painting probes for chromosome 12 and a specific probe for the MDM2 gene and comparative genomic hybridization. The results did not identify MDM2 or 12q amplification and therefore confirmed the benign nature of the lesion.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neck
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15/35. Primary perineal alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma metastatic to an extraocular muscle.

    A 17-year-old boy diagnosed with an alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma involving the perineum and with extensive lymphadenopathy was treated with chemotherapy yet developed metastases to the head and neck 6 months into therapy. Ten months after initial diagnosis, while receiving salvage chemotherapy and radiotherapy, he returned with pain on movement of his left eye, proptosis, and ptosis of the left upper eyelid. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a mass within the left lateral rectus muscle that biopsy confirmed to be metastatic alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma. Despite continued chemotherapy and radiotherapy, he ultimately died of the disease. Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma from distant sites rarely metastasizes to the extraocular muscles. However, our case shows that alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma may metastasize to the orbit and involve a single muscle.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neck
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16/35. Congenital neuroblastoma arising in the deltoid muscle.

    neuroblastoma almost always arises in association with sympathetic neural crest tissues that flank the spinal axis, including the paravertebral sympathetic ganglia of the neck, mediastinum, retroperitoneum, and pelvis, or in the adrenal glands. neuroblastoma in the newborn period, which can present as localized or metastatic disease, often resolves spontaneously and requires little or no therapy. The authors describe a 5-week-old infant with an isolated primary neuroblastoma arising in the deltoid muscle. Histologic and biologic characteristics were consistent with a favorable-prognosis stage 1 neuroblastoma. Following a complete local excision, the child remains in complete remission 3 years from diagnosis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neck
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17/35. Case report: myxoma of the temporalis muscle.

    Intramuscular myxomas of the head and neck are rare entities. Primarily found in the myocardium, these lesions also affect the bones and soft tissues. We present a case of an intramuscular myxoma of the temporalis muscle. After reviewing the literature, this case constitutes, to our knowledge, the second reported occurrence of a myxoma in this specific location. The patient was treated for this condition with an excisional biopsy after fine needle aspiration revealed a benign process. No recurrence was seen 18 months after the excision.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neck
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18/35. Intramuscular benign lipoma of the sternocleidomastoid muscle: a rare cause of neck mass.

    Intramuscular benign lipoma commonly is found on the extremities, but is extremely rare in the head and neck region. Intramuscular type lipomas arise between the muscle fibers and pass through the intermuscular septa, infiltrating the surrounding tissue. A 29-year-old male patient presented with the complaint of a painless and slowly growing lateral neck mass on the left side. physical examination revealed a 4x5-cm mass adjacent to the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle. CT examination revealed a lobulated, well-circumscribed 5.5x2.5-cm diameter mass with adipose tissue signal density inside the SCM muscle. The surgical exploration of the mass was done under general anesthesia, and it was excised totally. recurrence was not seen in the 3-year follow-up. This rare entity should be considered in the differential diagnosis of intramuscularly located neck masses. Complete removal of the tumor can only succeed if planned and performed after a thorough preoperative clinical and radiological assessment in order to prevent recurrences.
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ranking = 7
keywords = neck
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19/35. Rare case of intramasseteric cavernous hemangioma in a three-year-old boy: a diagnostic dilemma.

    Intramuscular hemangiomas are rare, benign tumors of vascular origin. The masseter is the muscle most commonly involved in the head and neck region. Because of their infrequency, deep location, and unfamiliar presentation, these lesions are seldom correctly diagnosed clinically. This case report presents a severe facial asymmetry caused by a left intramasseteric cavernous hemangioma in a 3-year-old boy. We were unaware of the exact nature of the tumor until intraoperative examination. The routine investigations performed before operation failed to establish a diagnosis. Surgical excision was performed, and 1 year after the operation we observed that the patient's facial asymmetry had been corrected. In this article, we review the literature on intramasseteric hemangioma, discuss the clinical and radiologic diagnostic methods, and review the treatment methods.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neck
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20/35. Spindle cell lipoma in an intramuscular lipoma.

    Intramuscular lipoma (IML) is a relatively common variant of lipomas. The most important sites for IML are the large muscles of the extremities. Spindle cell lipoma (SCL) is a rare and distinct variant of lipoma. Most SCL arise in the neck, shoulders or back. It has also been described in unusual sites, such as the oral cavity, larynx, bronchus, breast, orbit and extremities. However, localization of a SCL in an IML has not been described yet. Thus, we present the first SCL located in an IML, which was localized underneath the fascia and embedded within the left sartorius muscle of a 55-year-old man. Microscopically, the SCL component of the tumor was sharply circumscribed by a fibrous capsule and clearly separated from the IML in which it was localized. The collagen-forming spindle cells of the SCL showed neither atypia nor pleomorphism. These cells stained positive for CD34, while the mature fat tissue component of the SCL was positive for S-100 protein and negative for CD34. Spindle cells were negative for S-100 protein. vimentin stained both components of the SCL, as well as the striated muscle fibers and mature fat tissue of the IML. In conclusion, careful morphological observation along with immunohistochemistry for CD34 and S-100 protein are essential to differentiate this rare tumor from lesions that enter the differential diagnosis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neck
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