Cases reported "Muscular Atrophy"

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1/2. Generalized giant axonal neuropathy: a filament-forming disease of neuronal, endothelial, glial, and schwann cells in a patient without kinky hair.

    The process of giant axonal neuropathy (GAN) is not restricted to the peripheral nerves, but also involves the central nervous system. In a 25 year old man with normal hair, abundant axon swellings and spheroids were observed in the spinal cord, brain system, and cerebral cortex. The findings in the sural nerve have already been published by Boltshauser et al. (1977). Accumulations of filaments in the axons and in the perineural cells were accompanied by Rosenthal fibres. The ultrastructural pattern of GAN differs clearly from that of neuroaxonal dystrophies.
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keywords = schwann cell, schwann
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2/2. Hemiatrophy of the tongue due to hypoglossal schwannoma shown by MRI.

    Schwannomas account for 8.5% of all intracranial tumours; more than 90% arise from the 8th cranial nerve. Only 42 cases of schwannoma of the hypoglossal nerve have been reported. A 59 year-old woman developed right hemiatrophy of the tongue, clearly demonstrated on MRI, as was a small hypoglossal schwannoma. High signal was seen in the atrophic side of the tongue on both T1- and T2-weighted images, as described in the literature.
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ranking = 0.34741410105665
keywords = schwann
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