Cases reported "Muscular Diseases"

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11/92. Release of extra-articular ankylosis by coronoidectomy and insertion of a free abdominal flap: case report.

    INTRODUCTION: It is generally agreed that an effective treatment for extra-articular ankylosis may be coronoidectomy and excision of scar tissue. But these conventional procedures have shown a high rate of recurrence of ankylosis due to heterotopic bone and fibrous tissue formation. OBJECTIVE AND PATIENT: We report a case in whom a coronoid osteotomy and insertion of a free abdominal flap was used to treat ankylosis of the mandible following radiotherapy for maxillary cancer. RESULTS: This procedure prevented recurrence of ankylosis by heterotopic bone and fibrous tissue formation. In addition, this flap reduced the risk of postoperative infection and promoted primary healing. CONCLUSION: The procedure, coronoidectomy and insertion of a free flap, was successful because the well-vascularized musculocutaneous flap occupied the dead space, and replaced the shortage of oral mucosa consequently inhibiting the recurrence of extra-articular ankylosis.
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12/92. Elevated expression of interleukin-18 in the granulomatous lesions of muscular sarcoidosis.

    In an attempt to understand the role of interleukin-18 (IL-18) in the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis, we examined the expression of IL-18 in normal muscle and in muscle biopsies from six patients with muscular sarcoidosis. Western blot analysis demonstrated that IL-18 was identified only in homogenates of granulomatous muscle tissues, but not in normal muscle tissue homogenates. By immunohistochemistry, strongly IL-18-positive cells were distributed predominantly at the boundary zone of the granulomas. They were recognized as activated macrophages by double staining with anti-CD68. epithelioid cells showed only faint reactivity. serum IL-18 levels of patients with sarcoidosis were significantly increased compared to those of healthy volunteers. Unlike protein expression, IL-18 mRNA expression was detected even in normal muscles. Our results coupled with those of previous investigations demonstrating activity of IL-18 in inducing interferon-gamma production suggest a significant role of IL-18 in the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis.
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ranking = 22.128504127647
keywords = macrophage
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13/92. Amyloidotic muscle pseudohypertrophy: case report.

    The authors report one case of amyloidosis associated with muscular pseudohypertrophy in a 46-year-old woman, who developed weakness, macroglossia and muscle hypertrophy associated with primary systemic amyloidosis. electromyography showed a myopathic pattern and bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome. The muscle biopsy presented with a type I and II fiber hypertrophy and infiltration of amyloid material in the interstitious space and artery walls. She underwent bone marrow transplantation with stabilization and subjective improvement of the clinical picture.
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14/92. Severe autosomal recessive rippling muscle disease.

    Rippling muscle disease (RMD) has previously been reported as a skeletal myopathy that was attributed to a defect in the sarcomere. Here we report a new form of RMD that is more severe, characterized by fatal arrhythmic cardiomyopathy and delayed bone age. mortality has previously not been associated with RMD. With this report we hope to raise awareness that a subset of patients with this clinical entity are predisposed to severe cardiac disease.
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keywords = bone
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15/92. low back pain and myalgias in acute and relapsed mast cell leukemia: a case report.

    Mast cell leukemia is a rare, severe disease that may manifest through an array of clinical presentations, including vasomotor flushing and hypotension. Leukemic infiltrate of muscle and bone may rarely occur, resulting in nonspecific myalgias, bony pain, and neuropathic pain secondary to compression of nerves by bone. Mast cell leukemia as a clinical entity has not been well described. We present the case of a 25-year-old man with a remote medical history of germ cell tumor who was initially diagnosed with mast cell leukemia after presenting with low back pain. One and a half years later, the patient presented with a chief complaint of back pain and myalgias and was found to have relapsed mast cell leukemia. Medical management and, specifically, rehabilitation of these patients can be extremely difficult. This report shows the complex management of patients with mast cell leukemia.
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16/92. Entrapment of the flexor digitorum profundus of the ring finger at the site of an ulnar fracture. A case report.

    Entrapment of the ring finger flexor digitorum in the ulna following fracture of both forearm bones is very rare. Only three cases have been reported previously (Jeffrey, 1976; Rayan and Hayes, 1986). We report another case of such entrapment in an 8-year-old boy.
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17/92. Immune-mediated neuropathy and myopathy in post-streptococcal disease: electron-microscopical, morphometrical and immunohistochemical studies.

    A 22-year-old man suffered from a complete flaccid tetraparesis and an immune complex-mediated rapid progressive glomerulonephritis after group A streptococcal infection. serum creatine kinase was excessively elevated and myoglobinuria occurred. Nerve conduction studies revealed evidence of axonal neuropathy. Recovery was satisfactory within 18 months. sural nerve and peroneus muscle biopsies were performed in the 4th and 14th week of the disease. light microscopy of the sural nerve showed an incipient axonal type of neuropathy in the first biopsy. Ultrastructurally, wallerian degeneration and endoneurial inflammatory cells were present. In the muscle biopsy, few atrophic fibers and altered blood vessels without further anomalies were found. In the second sural nerve biopsy, macrophages were numerous, some of which were immunoreactive for HLA-DR, and only a few myelinated and some unmyelinated nerve fibers remained. Muscle fibers in the second biopsy showed high-grade atrophy and myofibrillar abnormalities. immunohistochemistry revealed diffuse endoneurial immunoglobulin deposition in the first sample, while in the later biopsy specimen, deposits of IgG, and kappa and lambda light chains were visible in circumscribed endoneurial areas. Immune-mediated neuropathy and myopathy are not well-known complications of streptococcal disease. This is, to our knowledge, the first detailed report on morphological findings in muscle and nerve in such a disorder.
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ranking = 22.128504127647
keywords = macrophage
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18/92. Soft tissue aneurysmal bone cyst.

    A soft tissue aneurysmal bone cyst located in the right gluteus medius of a 21-year-old man is reported. On conventional radiography, the lesion demonstrated a spherically trabeculated mass with a calcific rim. On CT scan, it showed a well-organized peripheral calcification resembling a myositis ossificans. On MRI, it presented as a multilocular, cystic lesion with fluid-fluid levels. The lesion had no solid components except for intralesional septa. Although findings on imaging and histology were identical to those described in classical aneurysmal bone cyst, diagnosis was delayed because of lack of knowledge of this entity and its resemblance to the more familiar post-traumatic heterotopic ossification (myositis ossificans).
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ranking = 3
keywords = bone
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19/92. MR imaging of infiltrative muscle involvement with Langerhans cell histiocytosis.

    Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) consists of three clinical syndromes of varying severity resulting from basic cellular defect leading to lipid deposition within histiocytes. Radiologically, bone lesions are similar in all three forms of LCH and are due to bone destruction. An eosinophilic granuloma of the bone can involve skeletal muscle by direct extension from the bone. However, skeletal muscle involvement is rare and is not reported on MR imaging previously in the English literature. Our case not only shows biopsy-proven muscle involvement by LCH but also reports the first diffuse nodular pattern of muscle involvement by LCH.
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keywords = bone
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20/92. Post-traumatic severe trismus caused by impairment of the masticatory muscle.

    Restriction of the mouth opening from a pathologic condition outside the temporomandibular joint is called a pseudo- or extra-articular ankylosis. The authors report two cases of severe post-traumatic pseudoankylosis. One case showed fibrous degeneration of the bilateral masseter muscles without a facial bone fracture, which caused severe trismus, a mouth opening of less than 2 mm, and gradually appeared after blunt injuries to the face. The other was a rare case accompanied with the bone formation in the masseter muscle and was diagnosed as myositis ossificans traumatica, which also presented as severe trismus, with a maximal mouth opening of 5 mm after facial violence. Both were surgically treated with dissection of the affected muscles. In addition, a hemicoronoidotomy was performed in the case of myositis ossificans traumatica. Although a conservative therapy with physical rehabilitation is the basic policy for the management of pseudoankylosis of the temporomandibular joint, a surgical treatment should be considered when the origin of the problems is an osteogenic character or severe extra-articular ankylosis resistant to conservative therapy before completion of true temporomandibular joint ankylosis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = bone
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