Cases reported "Muscular Diseases"

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1/90. A case of congenital orbital cyst originating from the common sheath of superior rectus and levator palpebrae superioris muscles.

    PURPOSE: To assess the clinical and histopathological features of a case of congenital orbital cyst originating from the common sheath of the superior rectus and levator palpebrae superior muscles. methods: Preoperative, peroperative and postoperative characteristics of the described clinical condition in a 37-year-old woman is documented. RESULTS: The cyst was found to be related with the common sheath of the superior rectus and levator muscles during the surgical intervention and histopathological examination revealed a cystic structure with a lining resembling that of conjunctiva. CONCLUSION: Our findings support the proposal by Rose & O'Donnell who first reported four cases in 1995 suggesting a new group of congenital orbital cysts distinct from dermoid, epidermoid or conjunctival cysts.
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2/90. Talonavicular arthrodesis for correction of posterior tibial tendon dysfunction.

    The awareness of PTTD has increased because of the efforts of McGlamry and Mueller. The treatment for PTTD depends on the patient's age and weight, systemic factors, length of time of the disease course, and the extent of foot collapse. The period of time from injury to diagnosis often is delayed because of the gradual progression of the condition. The patient that presents with an acute injury often responds well to a soft-tissue procedure. The delay in treatment usually necessitates the performance of an osseous procedure to correct the deformity and align the foot. The talonavicular arthrodesis is indicated in the flexible flatfoot deformity when degenerative changes of the subtalar joint are not present. The talonavicular arthrodesis is effective for correcting the flexible flatfoot deformity because it reduces the forefoot abduction, increases the height of the arch, stabilizes the medial column, and prevents excessive subtalar joint pronation. The primary complications associated with the talonavicular arthrodesis are nonunions and development of arthritis in adjacent joints. The incidence of nonunion can be directly attributed to poor surgical technique and early weight bearing during the postoperative period. The degenerative changes that occur in adjacent joints are often present preoperatively because of the long-standing valgus deformity. The procedure effectively maintains the correction of the flatfoot over a long period of time, and allows the patient to return to a pain-free lifestyle. The talonavicular arthrodesis is the procedure of choice in the flexible flatfoot deformity because the procedure corrects the malalignment of the subtalar and midtarsal joints and prevents excessive subtalar joint pronation.
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3/90. Acute myopathy of intensive care in a child after heart transplantation.

    PURPOSE: Acute myopathy of intensive care has been described infrequently in children and never after organ transplantation. We report a case of acute myopathy of intensive care in a child after heart transplantation. CLINICAL FEATURES: An 11-yr-old girl, with no previous medical history, developed acute cardiomyopathy leading to cardiac shock. family history revealed four cases of unidentified myopathy and/or cardiomyopathy. Preoperatively, while muscle biopsy was near normal, myocardial biopsy revealed non specific mitochondrial disorders. A few days after heart transplantation, she developed acute hypotonia and flaccid quadriplegia, consistent with the diagnosis of acute myopathy of intensive care. Nerve conduction studies were normal, electromyography showed myopathic changes and a new muscle biopsy from quadriceps femoris showed severe loss of myosin filaments and ATPase activity in type 2 fibres. A large laboratory screening failed to demonstrate a metabolic disease or a known myopathy. muscle strength recovered progressively in three weeks allowing home discharge. A few months later, she was free of symptoms and muscle biopsy showed full histopathological recovery. CONCLUSION: Acute myopathy of intensive care can occur in children after heart transplantation. It should be suspected in the presence of muscle weakness and difficulty in weaning from ventilatory support. electromyography confirmed a myogenic process and muscle biopsy allowed diagnosis. Full clinical and histopathological recovery usually occur within three weeks.
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4/90. Primary intramuscular hydatidosis of supraspinatus muscle.

    Hydatid disease of the muscle is very rare and represents approximately 3% of all patients with hydatidosis. Since the infection closely resembles a soft-tissue tumor on clinical examination, the preoperative radiologic diagnosis is very important to avoid biopsy. We report an unusual case of primary intramuscular hydatidosis with its magnetic resonance imaging appearance, clinical and pathological findings.
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5/90. Primary echinococcosis of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.

    Muscular echinococcosis accounts for 0.5% to 5.4% of all hydatid disease cases, with very little data on the incidence of muscular echinococcosis of the head and neck. We report a unique case of primary echinococcosis of the right sternocleidomastoid muscle in a 56-year-old man. Preoperative assessment by ultrasound and fine needle aspiration did not point to echinococcosis. We suspected the right diagnosis intraoperatively and confirmed it postoperatively by pathohistology and serologic tests. echinococcosis of the liver and the lungs was also excluded postoperatively. Combination of operative treatment and postoperative albendazole herapy in two 28-day cycles one month apart resulted in complete regression of the disease. echinococcosis should be considered as differential diagnosis of a multicystic mass in neck, particularly if it is of longstanding duration. serologic tests for echinococcosis should be included in differential diagnostic procedures for each multicystic formation on the neck, especially in endemic areas.
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6/90. Release of extra-articular ankylosis by coronoidectomy and insertion of a free abdominal flap: case report.

    INTRODUCTION: It is generally agreed that an effective treatment for extra-articular ankylosis may be coronoidectomy and excision of scar tissue. But these conventional procedures have shown a high rate of recurrence of ankylosis due to heterotopic bone and fibrous tissue formation. OBJECTIVE AND PATIENT: We report a case in whom a coronoid osteotomy and insertion of a free abdominal flap was used to treat ankylosis of the mandible following radiotherapy for maxillary cancer. RESULTS: This procedure prevented recurrence of ankylosis by heterotopic bone and fibrous tissue formation. In addition, this flap reduced the risk of postoperative infection and promoted primary healing. CONCLUSION: The procedure, coronoidectomy and insertion of a free flap, was successful because the well-vascularized musculocutaneous flap occupied the dead space, and replaced the shortage of oral mucosa consequently inhibiting the recurrence of extra-articular ankylosis.
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7/90. Flexor tendon anomalies in a patient with carpal tunnel syndrome.

    A case of an anomalous interconnection between the tendons of the flexor pollicis longus and the flexor digitorum profundi to both the index and middle fingers at the wrist of a patient presenting with carpal tunnel syndrome is described. The contents of the carpal tunnel should be inspected carefully at the time of median nerve decompression in cases where preoperative clinical examination suggests associated pathologies.
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keywords = operative
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8/90. Intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging-guided drainage of nonpalpable abscesses.

    SUMMARY: Intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging provides the surgeon with powerful, high-resolution, real-time imaging. Procedures may be performed with minimal invasion, with the benefit of reduced tissue damage, improved wound healing, and a better cosmetic result. The authors present a case of a leukemic pediatric patient with a few large, deeply situated, nonpalpable abscesses that were drained successfully with intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging guidance. In this case, this new intraoperative imaging method enabled minimal invasiveness, with fast recovery.
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keywords = operative
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9/90. Rectus sheath hematoma in an elderly woman under anti-coagulant therapy.

    Rectal sheath hematoma has been a well-known clinical entity from the ruin of the ancient greece. It is relatively rare, however, to encounter this abdominal disorder in the clinical setting. Furthermore, the initial symptoms of rectus sheath hematoma are often similar to those of acute abdominal disorders. Therefore, the majority of the patients with rectus sheath hematoma have been treated with operative procedures because of the difficulty of a differential diagnosis from other abdominal disorders. We recently treated a 74-year female diagnosed with rectus sheath hematoma with the anticoagulants after an episode of cerebral infarction. From the findings of the physical examinations, ultrasound, and computed tomography, we could correctly diagnose, and could treat her with completely conservative methods without any invasive techniques. It is stressed that it is important to recognize this entity of rectus sheath hematoma when patients are examined, after complaining of acute abdominal pain and with evidence abdominal masses in the clinical setting.
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10/90. Retroperitoneal hematoma associated with femoral neuropathy: a complication under antiplatelets therapy.

    We report a case of retroperitoneal hematoma presenting as femoral nerve pulsy on antiplatelet therapy. The patient, a 78-year-old man who had undergone antiplatelet treatment using ticlopidine, was admitted to our hospital with complaints of sudden-onset low abdominal and back pain. Computed tomography showed an iso-density mass in the right retroperitoneum within the psoas muscle. We made a diagnosis of retroperitoneal hematoma compressing the femoral nerve and performed an operation to remove the hematoma in order to decompress the femoral neuropathy. Postoperatively, the patient rapidly recovered from the femoral neuropathy. In the particular case in which no antagonist against the ticlopidine is available, surgical decompression could produce a good outcome.
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keywords = operative
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