Cases reported "Muscular Diseases"

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11/90. Massive pseudotumour resection with recombinant factor viia (NovoSeven) cover.

    Surgical resection is the only definitive treatment for haemophilic pseudotumour. For patients with high- responding factor (F)VIII inhibitors, the lack of reliable by-passing agents in the past has meant that surgery has been avoided in favour of conservative measures. The development of recombinant factor viia (rFVIIa) has revolutionized the management of surgery in these patients. We document the first successful report of the surgical resection of a massive pseudotumour in a patient with high responding FVIII inhibitors using rFVIIa to achieve haemostasis. Serial post-operative measurements indicated that FVII coagulation activity (FVII:C) levels were more sensitive to rFVIIa dose changes than the prothrombin time.
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12/90. Catamenial pneumothorax: chest X-ray sign and thoracoscopic treatment.

    We report the case of a 25-year-old woman with recurrent right-sided catamenial pneumothorax. At thoracoscopy, the diaphragm presented several violet implants with holes. The presence of diaphragmatic endometrial implants was confirmed at pathologic examination. Re-review of the preoperative chest x-ray film showed 8 x 5 and 1 x 1 mm bubbles at the level of the right diaphragm associated with the homolateral pneumothorax, thus suggesting that passage of air from the genital tract through the diaphragm was responsible for the pneumothorax. This may further clarify the pathogenesis of catamenial pneumothorax which remains controversial in the literature.
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13/90. Massive postoperative intramuscular bleeding in acquired von Willebrand's disease.

    We describe a case of acquired von Willebrand's disease (vWD) associated with monoclonal gammopathy with undetermined significance (MGUS) in a 54-year-old man who was admitted with hemarthrosis and extensive thigh muscle hematoma following arthroscopic surgery and postoperative prophylaxis with low molecular weight heparin. Coagulation tests were compatible with acquired vWD: prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) (56.1 s), decreased levels of factor viii coagulant activity (23%), low concentrations of von Willebrand's factor (vWF) antigen (13%), and undetectable ristocetin cofactor activity (<10%). Infusion of a vWF-containing factor viii concentrate failed to normalize the plasma levels of vWF-related parameters. Only additional intravenous administration of immunoglobulins led to a transient normalization of ristocetin cofactor activity, vWF antigen, and factor viii coagulant activity. While the spontaneous bleeding tendency in this case was mild, surgery and administration of prophylactic doses of low molecular weight heparin led to life-threatening bleeding.
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ranking = 5
keywords = operative
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14/90. Complete paralysis of the quadriceps muscle caused by traumatic iliacus hematoma: a case report.

    A15-year-old girl who developed traumatic iliacus hematoma and complete paralysis of the quadriceps muscle is reported. The current case and literature review revealed that incomplete quadriceps paralysis associated with traumatic iliacus hematoma is likely to progress to complete paralysis in days or weeks as a result of increased intracompartmental pressure. However, surgical decompression of the femoral nerve could produce good results even in patients who have complete quadriceps paralysis preoperatively.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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15/90. Primary hydatid disease of the quadriceps muscle: a rare localization.

    BACKGROUND: Hydatidosis is a protozoal infestation which generally involves the liver and the lungs. Primary skeletal muscle hydatidosis without involving the thoracic and abdominal organs is extremely rare. methods: A 48-year-old farmer presented with a mass in the quadriceps muscle that had persisted for 10 years. Clinical and radiological investigations revealed a primary hydatid cyst of the vastus medialis of the quadriceps muscle. We did not find any visceral organ involvement. Wide excision was performed without destroying the cyst wall. Then 400 mg albendazole was given daily for 3 months postoperatively. RESULTS: At the 7th postoperative month, the patient was symptom-free, and the laboratory test results were in the normal ranges. CONCLUSION: Primary muscular hydatidosis is a rare disease and should be kept in mind in the diagnostic work-up of a cystic mass of a skeletal muscle.
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ranking = 2
keywords = operative
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16/90. portal vein thrombosis.

    portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a complication of hepatic disease and a potentially lethal complication of splenectomy. The reported incidence of this complication is low (approximately 1%). However, its true incidence may have been underestimated due to difficulty in making the diagnosis. Herein we report the case of a 19 year-old woman who presented with a 2-year history of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Because she had become refractory to medical therapy, she underwent laparoscopic splenectomy. She was discharged on postoperative day 2 after an uncomplicated procedure. She did well, complaining only of mild backache, until postoperative day 21, when she presented with nausea, vomiting, and leukocytosis. CT showed PVT and superior mesenteric vein thrombosis. Despite heparin and fluid administration, her condition worsened. At laparotomy, she had diffuse small bowel edema and congestion. At a second-look procedure 24 h later, nearly all her jejunum and ileum were necrotic. After three procedures, she was left with 45 cm of proximal and 10 cm of distal small bowel. Bowel continuity was restored 8 weeks later. She continued on warfarin anticoagulation therapy for 1 year. Postsplenectomy PVT is most often seen following splenectomy for myeloproliferative disorders and almost never after trauma. The large splenic vein stump and the hypercoagulable state in patients with splenomegaly are thought to be contributory. The presentation of PVT is vague, without defining signs or symptoms. color-flow Doppler and contrast-enhanced CT scans are the best methods for the nonoperative diagnosis of PVT. Aggressive thrombolysis offers the best hope for clot lysis and maintenance of bowel viability. Even vague symptoms must be considered seriously following splenectomy.
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ranking = 3
keywords = operative
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17/90. Primary rhabdomyosarcoma of the diaphragm. Report of a case presenting with hemothorax.

    A rare case of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the diaphragm occurring in an adult male and presenting with hemothorax is reported. The unusual clinical features of this patient underline the need for an accurate preoperative evaluation. The surgical procedure consisted of left thoracotomy with resection of the neoplasm, including a portion of the diaphragm muscle, and then reconstruction. One month after discharge chemo- and radiotherapy were carried out. The immunohistochemical study proved to be very helpful for the pathological diagnosis. A three years follow-up with patient alive and disease-free confirms that a multimodal approach may prove effective in the long term.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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18/90. Case report 754: Xanthoma of the achilles tendon.

    The MRI features of bilateral xanthoma of the achilles tendon in type II hyperlipoproteinemia are reported. MRI has proved to be the best imaging modality available in assessing enlargement of the achilles tendon. It demonstrates the heterogeneous signal on both T1- and T2-weighted images where the xanthomatous deposits are relatively higher in signal intensity than the tendon itself. MRI also has a potential value in the clinical assessment and therapeutic response of the xanthoma after operative intervention.
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19/90. The ultrasound diagnosis of rectus sheath haematoma.

    Three cases of rectus sheath haematoma are presented in which the diagnosis was confirmed by the use of ultrasound. The aetiology and diagnosis of the disease are discussed and the use of ultrasonography in a disease with a previously low preoperative diagnostic rate is emphasized.
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keywords = operative
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20/90. Primary subcutaneous cyst hydatic disease in proximal thigh: an unusual localisation: a case report.

    BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal hydatidosis is very rare and represents 1%-5.4% of all cases of echinococcosis. On clinical basis, infection mimics a soft-tissue tumor, and the preoperative radiological diagnosis is very important to avoid biopsy. CASE PRESENTATION: We report an unusual case of primary subcutaneous hydatidosis in proximity to vastus lateralis muscle. It was diagnosed according to the computed tomography appearance, clinical and pathological findings. A 43 year old female patient was admitted with a history of pain at proximal thigh for the last 30 days. On physical examination, a mass which was 4 x 5 cm in diameter, painful and erythematous, was palpated over greater trochanter. Sedimentation rate was 40 mm in the first hour. CT (Computed tomography) scan demonstrated, a soft tissue mass with central cystic component in the subcutaneous tissue near vastus lateralis muscle.Histopathological examination of the specimen revealed a pericystic structure, which consisted of connective tissue and scattered hyaline cells showing a necrotic basophilic structure that resembled a cuticular membrane. Treatment with high dose albendazole was conducted for 4 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: This case illustrates that echinococcal disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of every cystic mass in every anatomic location, especially when they occur in areas where the disease is endemic.
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keywords = operative
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