Cases reported "Mycoses"

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21/36. Internal ophthalmoplegia resulting from acute orbital phycomycosis.

    Phycomycosis is an opportunistic infection occurring in immunocompromised hosts. It is the most acutely fatal fungal disease known. Therefore, early recognition and treatment are essential. Ocular and orbital involvement is part of a rhino-orbital-cerebral form of the disease. The orbital apex syndrome is the hallmark orbital involvement. A case of phycomycosis with internal ophthalmoplegia alone is reported. The internal ophthalmoplegia is probably secondary to involvement at the apex of the orbit, although not sufficiently diffuse to result in the complete orbital apex syndrome.
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ranking = 1
keywords = phycomycosis
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22/36. Subacute zygomycosis of the orbit.

    A zygomycotic (phycomycotic) orbital cellulitis developed in a healthy 9-year-old boy. Because of the involved tissue's unfamiliar histopathologic features, an initial diagnosis of eosinophilic granuloma was made and appropriate treatment was delayed for more than six months. The patient's slowly progressive form of zygomycosis was clinically and morphologically similar to that described in previously recorded cases. All three cases occurred in otherwise healthy children living within the united states. Their involved tissues had mixed histopathologic features of chronic granulomatous entomophthoramycosis and acute necrotizing mucormycosis; however, unlike entomophthoramycosis, the fungi in these cases may invade the walls of blood vessels and cause severe tissue necrosis. We believe that these three cases represent a distinct clinicopathologic variant of facial-cranial zygomycosis not previously delineated in the literature. Although they are aggressive, these infections are not as fulminant as in classic mucormycosis, but can nevertheless be lethal.
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ranking = 0.016049816351611
keywords = zygomycosis
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23/36. Rhinomaxillary phycomycosis: report of case.

    A case of rhinomaxillary phycomycosis has been reported. Although the occurrence of the phycomycetes-type of infection is relatively rare, the oral and maxillofacial surgeon should be alert for debilitated patients, especially uncontrolled diabetics, who may show the incipient signs and symptoms of this opportunistic fungal disease.
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ranking = 1
keywords = phycomycosis
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24/36. Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy complicating primary bone marrow lymphoma--association with invasive phycomycosis and aspergillus infections.

    The development of hypertrophic osteoarthropathy in patients with leukaemia or lymphoma presents important diagnostic and therapeutic implications. patients with these disorders are also predisposed to the development of invasive phycomycosis and aspergillus infections. We report a case of primary bone marrow lymphoma complicated by hypertrophic osteoarthropathy. At postmortem examination there was evidence of disseminated phycomycosis and aspergillus infections. We believe this relationship has not previously been reported.
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ranking = 1.2
keywords = phycomycosis
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25/36. Orbital phycomycosis.

    3 cases with rhinoorbital phycomycosis and a 4th case, in which it was considered retrospectively, are presented in hematological patients. 2 of the 4 patients survived. In the first 3 cases, which appeared in a period of 2 months in the hematology Unit, an epidemiological study was made, showing that the cause of the infections was contamination of the air-conditioning systems of this unit by numerous Phycomycetes and Mucor pusillus.
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ranking = 1
keywords = phycomycosis
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26/36. Rhino-orbital phycomycosis complicated by cerebral abscess.

    The incidence of phycomicosis has increased in the last decades. Its diagnosis is very difficult and usually not established ante morten. Early treatment is of crucial importance, because despite the antifungal drugs, the mortality rate remains around 80%. The present report describes a successfully treated diabetic patient with a rhino-orbital form of the disease and an unusual complication--a cerebral abscess--in whom the clinical diagnosis was supported by the CT findings.
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ranking = 0.8
keywords = phycomycosis
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27/36. Occurrence of subcutaneous zygomycosis (entomophthoromycosis basidiobolae) caused by Basidiobolus haptosporus with pulmonary involvement.

    A case of a two-year-old boy with multiple subcutaneous lesions caused by Basidiobolus haptosporus is presented. The child had also a non-toxic familial goiter and clinical and radiological features of a pulmonary illness. The pulmonary manifestations only disappeared with the treatment with potassium iodide. The authors think that the pulmonary lesions must have arisen by direct spread of the fungus from the subcutaneous lesions of the chest.
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ranking = 0.01069987756774
keywords = zygomycosis
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28/36. Subcutaneous zygomycosis caused by Basidiobolus haptosporus: presentation of a case mimicking Burkitt's lymphoma.

    We report the fifth case of subcutaneous zygomycosis caused by Basidiobolus haptosporus in brazil. The lesion appeared as a tumor in the right mandibular area mimicking Burkitt's lymphoma of the jaw. In this patient evaluation of cellular immunity with the lymphoblastic transformation test yielded normal results.
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ranking = 0.013374846959676
keywords = zygomycosis
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29/36. Ventricular visualization on brain scan with intracranial hemorrhage in disseminated phycomycosis.

    Infections with fungi of the class Phycomycetes result in distinctive tissue changes characterized by growth of hyphae in and around blood vessels, causing necrosis and hemorrhagic infarction of tissue. A brain scan on a patient with a phycomycotic intracranial aneurysm demonstrated ventricular visualization at a time when there was clinical and autopsy evidence of rupture of the aneurysm.
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ranking = 0.8
keywords = phycomycosis
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30/36. Gastrointestinal entomophthoramycosis caused by Basidiobolus haptosporus.

    There was described the first cultural proven case of gastrointestinal entomophthoramycosis caused by B. haptosporus. A review of the literature on gastrointestinal zygomycosis led us to presume that similar clinical reported cases have been also caused by this fungus. A commentary on the designation of the clinical forms of the infections caused by Zygomycetes was also made.
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ranking = 0.0026749693919351
keywords = zygomycosis
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