Cases reported "Myelitis, Transverse"

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1/3. Idiopathic severe recurrent transverse myelitis: a restricted variant of neuromyelitis optica.

    Recurrent idiopathic transverse myelitis occur in multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica (NMO). In NMO, acute optic neuritis and myelitis occur, either monophasic or relapsing, without clinical manifestations of involvement of other parts of the central nervous system (CNS). Recent evidence suggests that NMO is different from multiple sclerosis. The authors reported two patients having severe recurrent transverse myelitis sparing the optic nerves and cerebral hemispheres. Both patients had longitudinally extensive myelitis in some attacks with poor neurological outcome despite aggressive immunomodulatory therapy. One patient had prominent clinical features of brainstem injury with radiological and histological confirmation of brainstem involvement, and the other patient had trigeminal neuralgia suggestive of possible brainstem dysfunction. Histologically, prominent necrosis and neutrophilic infiltration of spinal cord tissue without eosinophils or hyalinized vessels were observed, and oligoclonal bands were absent in their cerebrospinal fluid. It is likely to be a distinct idiopathic inflammatory demyelinating disorder restricted to the spinal cord and brainstem different from MS, but within the spectrum of NMO with probably an autoimmune basis.
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keywords = neuromyelitis optica, neuromyelitis, optica
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2/3. Gluten sensitivity and neuromyelitis optica: two case reports.

    neuromyelitis optica is a clinical syndrome characterised by acute transverse myelitis plus an acute or subacute optic neuritis with or without recovery. Although once believed to be a variant of multiple sclerosis, diagnostic criteria have recently been proposed for neuromyelitis optica, making it a clinically distinct syndrome. The term gluten sensitivity refers to a state of heightened immunological responsiveness to ingested gluten in genetically susceptible individuals, as indicated by circulating antibodies to gliadin. Several neurological complications have been described associated with gluten sensitivity ranging from peripheral neuropathy and cerebellar ataxia to an increased risk of epilepsy. Although myelopathy has been described in some case reports of coeliac disease, neuromyelitis optica has never been described in association with gluten sensitivity. We describe two cases of gluten sensitivity presenting as neuromyelitis optica with no previous history of significant gastrointestinal symptoms. Gluten sensitivity was confirmed by immunological and histological studies.
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ranking = 1.4115672488667
keywords = neuromyelitis optica, neuromyelitis, optica
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3/3. neuromyelitis optica (Devic's syndrome) as first manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus.

    Neurologic symptoms rarely occur as presenting feature of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We describe a 37-year old woman who presented with several episodes of transverse myelitis and optic neuritis. Clinical, radiologic and laboratory findings were compatible with neuromyelitis optica (NMO). Seven years after disease onset clinical and laboratory findings were diagnostic for SLE. This case illustrates that NMO may represent a first manifestation of SLE for many years.
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ranking = 0.24626899546664
keywords = neuromyelitis optica, neuromyelitis, optica
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