Cases reported "Nail Diseases"

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1/624. Onychomatricoma.

    We report a case of onychomatricoma, which is a rare benign tumour originating in the germinal matrix of the nail. The diagnosis can be made on the typical clinical findings and confirmed by histology. Complete excision is the treatment of choice. ( info)

2/624. Linear melanonychia due to subungual keratosis of the nail bed: a report of two cases.

    Longitudinal melanonychia displaying features of keratinized acanthoma is described in two patients. In both cases, a pigmented band consisting of a subungual keratinized epithelial ridge originated in the nail bed. We have been able to show, using the clinical and histological findings, that the origin of the pigment is linked to its synthesis within the acanthoma of the nail bed. These lesions are reminiscent of pigmented seborrhoeic keratosis. The horny cysts are replaced, because of the special physiological longitudinal arrangement of the ridges in the nail bed, by a single, prominent, longitudinal, keratinized and pigmented mass. ( info)

3/624. Bazex syndrome mimicking a primary autoimmune bullous disorder.

    Bazex syndrome is a paraneoplastic condition that is most frequently associated with squamous cell carcinoma of the upper aerodigestive tract. The lesions affect acral areas of the skin, including hands, feet, ears, nose, and, to a lesser extent, elbows and knees. Lesions mimic psoriasis and dermatitis. paronychia and nail dystrophy are frequent. Bullous lesions have been reported only rarely. We report a patient with Bazex syndrome with predominantly bullous lesions that mimicked a primary autoimmune bullous disorder. ( info)

4/624. Laugier-Hunziker syndrome: case report and treatment with the Q-switched Nd-Yag laser.

    We report the case of a 46-year-old Caucasian female presenting with mucocutaneous pigmentation on the lips, oral mucosa, hands, feet and nails, as well as on a psoriatic plaque. She was successfully treated with Q-switched Nd-Yag laser, with double frequency, for both the mucosal and cutaneous lesions. ( info)

5/624. Three hong kong Chinese cases of pretibial epidermolysis bullosa: a genodermatosis that can masquerade as an acquired inflammatory disease.

    Three patients in two families presented with many years' history of fragile skin, blisters, erosions and scars affecting almost exclusively the shin areas, accompanied by a variable degree of itching. Two of the patients also had toenail dystrophy. skin biopsy revealed dermal-epidermal blister formation and milia but no immunohistochemical evidence of immunoglobulin or complement deposition. Electron microscopic study of the lesional and perilesional skin showed very sparse or absent anchoring fibrils. Immunolabelling for type VII collagen using LH 7.2 monoclonal antibody revealed a bright, linear staining pattern at the dermal-epidermal junction. The clinicopathological features were thus compatible with pretibial epidermolysis bullosa, a subtype of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa. Of note, the inflammatory nature of the skin lesions, and their resemblance to nodular prurigo and hypertrophic lichen planus, had caused diagnostic difficulties in all cases in the past. A high degree of awareness of this rare subtype of epidermolysis bullosa is important to establish the correct diagnosis, to allow for genetic counselling and to plan clinical management. ( info)

6/624. Yellow nails and minimal change nephrotic syndrome.

    We report a case of a 38-year-old man showing the yellow nail syndrome in association with minimal change nephrotic syndrome. Treatment with prednisone and vitamin e resulted in complete resolution of the nephrotic syndrome and slow improvement of the yellow nails, respectively. Although the rare yellow nail syndrome has been described in association with renal disease, this is the first report of the association of this syndrome with minimal change nephrotic syndrome. ( info)

7/624. onycholysis associated with weekly administration of paclitaxel.

    OBJECTIVE: To report an unusual reaction associated with weekly administration of paclitaxel. CASE SUMMARIES: onycholysis was seen in four women with recurrent ovarian cancer being treated with low-dose, weekly paclitaxel. Two of the patients had previously received higher doses of paclitaxel on an every-three-week schedule without similar reactions. onycholysis developed between weeks 10-13 of treatment in three of the patients. In the fourth patient, it developed shortly after initiation of weekly paclitaxel. None of the reactions required dose adjustments or discontinuation of therapy. Direct toxicity to the nail bed or inhibition of angiogenesis are possible mechanisms for this reaction. DISCUSSION: onycholysis, separation of the nail from the nail bed, is an infrequent adverse effect of drug therapy. Antineoplastic drugs have previously been reported to cause onycholysis, pigmentation, bands, thickening or thinning of the nail bed, and nail shedding. Nail changes with the taxanes, primarily docetaxel, are reported in up to 30-40% of patients. paclitaxel is not commonly associated with dermatologic reactions, although localized skin reactions and tissue necrosis have been reported. Nail changes, pigmentation or discoloration of the nail bed, occur in 2% of patients receiving paclitaxel. CONCLUSIONS: onycholysis is an uncommon reaction that may occur in some patients receiving weekly, low-dose paclitaxel therapy. The reaction is not life-threatening and does not warrant discontinuation of therapy. However, clinicians should be aware of the possibility of this effect and be prepared to advise patients who develop signs of nail changes. ( info)

8/624. Nail changes secondary to docetaxel (Taxotere).

    Docetaxel is a new taxoid antineoplastic drug widely used for advanced breast cancer. skin and nail toxicity are one of the more frequent nonhematologic adverse reactions. Besides dark pigmentations and Beau's lines, subungual hemorrhage, orange discoloration, acute painful paronychia, onycholysis, subungual hyperkeratosis and transverse loss of the nail plate are described. The type of nail alteration is related with the number of cycles administered and there are no efficacious preventive measures to avoid its development. Clinicians should recognize the clinical picture of these adverse nail reactions because docetaxel is used for several neoplastic disorders. ( info)

9/624. Eruptive vellus hair cyst in a patient with pachyonychia congenita.

    pachyonychia congenita is characterized by symmetrical nail dystrophy, palmoplantar keratoderma, oral leukokeratosis, and follicular hyperkeratosis. In addition to these features, multiple cutaneous cysts of various kinds have been described. We report a case of pachyonychia congenita associated with eruptive vellus hair cyst. ( info)

10/624. Longitudinal, transverse, and diffuse nail hyperpigmentation induced by hydroxyurea.

    hydroxyurea is a cytostatic agent used in patients with myeloproliferative disorders that may produce nail hyperpigmentation, most frequently longitudinal melanonychia. We present a patient treated with hydroxyurea whose nails showed several patterns of nail hyperpigmentation, including longitudinal and transverse bands, and a diffuse darkening of the nail matrix. ( info)
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