Cases reported "Nasopharyngeal Diseases"

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1/42. Heterotopic nasopharyngeal brain tissue associated with cleft palate.

    OBJECTIVE: The occurrence of extracranial brain tissue is rare. Most of the literature describes cases in which it is located around the nose and throat and has been classified as nasal glioma. Even more unusual is heterotopic brain tissue in the nasopharynx. We were able to find only 17 previously reported cases. Of these 17 cases, 6 had heterotopic brain tissue located in a cleft palate. This report comments on the identification and treatment of heterotopic brain tissue associated with cleft palate without connection to the central nervous system. Our case subject is a 10-month-old girl diagnosed with heterotopic nasophranygeal brain tissue associated with cleft palate. RESULTS: Excision and palatoplasty were performed conjunctively with excellent results. CONCLUSIONS: Simultaneous excision of heterotopic nasopharyngeal brain tissue and palatoplasty of the cleft palate is an excellent option for treatment of these cases.
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keywords = nasal, nose
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2/42. Nonsurgical and nonextraction treatment of skeletal Class III open bite: its long-term stability.

    Two female patients, aged 14 years 5 months and 17 years 3 months with skeletal Class III open bite and temporomandibular dysfunction are presented. They had previously been classified as orthognathic surgical cases, involving first premolar removal. The primary treatment objective was to eliminate those skeletal and neuromuscular factors that were dominant in establishing their malocclusions. These included abnormal behavior of the tongue with short labial and lingual frenula, bilateral imbalance of chewing muscles, a partially blocked nasopharyngeal airway causing extrusion of the molars, with rotation of the mandible and narrowing of the maxillary arch. Resultant occlusal interference caused the mandible to shift to one side, which in turn produced the abnormal occlusal plane and curve of Spee. As a result, the form and function of the joints were adversely affected by the structural and functional asymmetry. These cases were treated by expanding the maxillary arch, which brought the maxilla downward and forward. The mandible moved downward and backward, with a slight increase in anterior facial height. Intruding and uprighting the posterior teeth, combined with a maxillary protraction, reconstructed the occlusal plane. A favorable perioral environment was created with widened tongue space in order to produce an adequate airway. myofunctional therapy after lingual and labial frenectomy was assisted by vigorous gum chewing during and after treatment, together with a tooth positioner. Normal nasal breathing was achieved.
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ranking = 0.80083692202465
keywords = nasal
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3/42. Transnasal access for sampling a skull base lesion.

    SUMMARY: Transnasal needle access for sampling was used in two patients with posterior nasopharyngeal lesions. The procedure was performed under CT guidance. This new technique is simple and appears suitable for selected cases. The two cases and the details of the procedure are described.
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ranking = 4.0041846101233
keywords = nasal
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4/42. High fever. Experience in private practice.

    Experience with confirmed high fever, 40 C (104 F) or more, in a private practice during 14 years is presented. The records of 1,500 patients covering 8,000 patient years disclosed only 108 confirmed episodes of high fever. Eleven diagnostic categories included 149 diagnoses. Fourteen of 43 roentgenographic examinations yielded positive findings, including two cases of pneumonia not detected on physical examination. Two of six stool cultures yielded specific enteric pathogens. Convulsions occurred in 12 of the 108 episodes of high fever, and recurred only once in one child. There were no deaths in this series of children with high fevers. Only one diagnosis, pneumonia, was significantly more frequent in confirmed high fever than in unconfirmed high fever. Lastly, the ability of a group of mothers to read thermometers set at three different temperatures proved to be surprisingly good.
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ranking = 0.099581538987675
keywords = nose
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5/42. Nasopharyngeal tuberculosis.

    Isolated nasopharyngeal tuberculosis is a rare disease. It has been reported as cases in recent years. An incidentally found case without any nasal or otological symptoms is presented.
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ranking = 0.80083692202465
keywords = nasal
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6/42. Primary nasopharyngeal tuberculosis in a patient with the complaint of snoring.

    Isolated nasopharyngeal tuberculosis is a rare condition, even in endemic tuberculosis areas. The most common presentation of nasopharyngeal tuberculosis is with a cervical lymphadenopathy followed by nasal discharge or obstruction. Here we present a 58-year-old patient with nasopharyngeal tuberculosis whose only complaint was snoring. Her oropharyngeal and anterior rhinoscopic examination was normal. On endoscopic examination, mucosal oedema and hyperaemia of the nasopharynx was observed. There was no cervical lymphadenopathy. The tuberculin skin test was positive and histopathological examination of the biopsy taken from posterior nasopharyngeal wall supported the diagnosis of tuberculosis. After anti-tuberculosis therapy, the snoring stopped and the nasopharyngeal examination was normal.
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ranking = 0.80083692202465
keywords = nasal
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7/42. Granulomas in nasal polyps.

    Three specimens of simple nasal polyps which were examined in a routine histopathology laboratory contained tubereuloid granulomas. One of these patients was found to have systemic sarcoidosis. The other two continue to be asymptomatic and in one of these rupture of cystic nasal mucous glands with the liberation of epithelial mucin into the stroma appears to have excited the granulomatous reaction. The causation, investigation and significance of granulomas at this site are discussed.
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ranking = 4.8050215321479
keywords = nasal
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8/42. Gastric heterotopia in the nasopharynx.

    Heterotopic gastrointestinal mucosa is rare in head and neck area. Most cases are described in oral cavity especially in the floor of the mouth. We present herein the case of an 8-month old infant with a tumor-like mass in the cavum which consisted of an heterotopic gastric mucosa. This case is the first described in this localisation. A brief review of the literature and histopathologic differential diagnoses will be study.
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ranking = 0.099581538987675
keywords = nose
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9/42. Nasopharyngeal amyloidosis.

    PURPOSE: To discuss the presentation of localized amyloidosis affecting the nasopharynx and discuss the management options. amyloidosis in the head and neck is a rare and benign condition that usually takes the form of localized amyloidosis. Because systemic amyloidosis markedly shortens life expectancy owing to its involvement with vital organs, rectal biopsy or fat aspiration of the anterior abdominal wall must be carried out to exclude systemic involvement. Localized amyloidosis in the head and neck can involve the orbit, sinuses, nasopharynx, oral cavity, salivary glands, and larynx. methods: We present the case of a patient with conductive hearing loss and serous otitis media with effusion secondary to nasopharyngeal amyloidosis, as well as present a review of the literature. RESULTS: Only a few cases of nasopharyngeal amyloidosis have thus far been reported. patients with this disease can also present with recurrent epistaxis, postnasal drip, nasal obstruction, and eustachian tube dysfunction. Localized amyloidosis of the nasopharynx, which is slow growing, has proved difficult to treat because it can persist or recur despite surgical treatment. Furthermore, bleeding may be a major complication in treating patients with nasopharyngeal amyloidosis by transpalatal excision because the amyloid deposits cause vascular wall fragility. Finally, there is no evidence that surgical treatment of nasopharyngeal amyloidosis can prolong survival or that localized amyloidosis can progress to systemic amyloidosis. For these reasons, we elected to treat our patient with a tympanostomy tube and observation. CONCLUSION: In the absence of systemic disease, localized amyloidosis of the nasopharynx may be treated conservatively.
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ranking = 1.6016738440493
keywords = nasal
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10/42. tuberculosis of the nasopharynx: a rare entity revisited.

    OBJECTIVES: tuberculosis of the nasopharynx is uncommon. A large series of 17 cases is reported, and the clinical and pathological features are discussed. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review. methods: Seventeen archived cases of biopsy-proven nasopharyngeal tuberculosis were reviewed for patient age and sex, presenting complaint and duration, systemic symptoms, cervical lymphadenopathy, and chest x-ray findings. These findings were compared with a compilation of 40 cases reported in the English literature. RESULTS: There was a female predominance (13 women and 4 men), with age range of 20 to 74 years (mean age, 38 y). The most common presentation was enlargement of the cervical lymph nodes (53%), followed by hearing loss (12%), tinnitus, otalgia, nasal obstruction, and postnasal drip (6% each). The duration of the presenting symptoms ranged from 1 week to 1 year (mean duration, 16 wk). Ten patients (59%) had cervical lymphadenopathy, two (12%) had systemic symptoms (fever, weight loss, night sweats), and one patient (6%) had miliary pulmonary tuberculosis. Direct endoscopic examination showed nasopharyngeal mucosal irregularity or mass in the majority of patients (12 patients [70%]). These features were similar to those reported in the literature. CONCLUSIONS: Nasopharyngeal tuberculosis is uncommon, usually occurring without pulmonary or systemic involvement. Cervical lymphadenopathy occurs in more than half of the patients and is the most common presenting complaint; this, together with the nasopharyngeal findings of mass or mucosal irregularity, makes differentiation from carcinoma on clinical examination difficult, necessitating histological evaluation.
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ranking = 1.6016738440493
keywords = nasal
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