Cases reported "Neck Injuries"

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1/41. Diagnostic and therapeutic management of bilateral carotid artery occlusion caused by near-suicidal hanging.

    In cases of attempted suicide by hanging, a combination of mechanisms causing local destruction of the pharynx, larynx, vessels, and spine, as well as neurologic complications, has to be considered. We present a case of hanging in which a deeply unconscious patient without any palpaple pulsation of the carotid arteries was referred to our otolaryngology department. Computed tomography and angiography showed parapharyngeal air, complete obstruction of both common carotid arteries, and a compensatory circulation through the vertebral arteries. Three hours after the trauma, surgical exploration with resection of the enrolled intima of both carotid arteries and repair of the pharynx was performed. The patient awoke with an infarct of the right hemisphere with incomplete left hemiparesis the next day, but symptoms slowly declined during the following months, and the patient learned swallowing again perfectly. We conclude from our experience that in near-hanged patients a prompt onset of adequate diagnostic and therapeutic measures is mandatory, as good neurologic and functional results may occur even in cases with coma and severe destruction of the carotid arteries and pharyngeal and laryngeal structures. Surgical repair of blunt carotid lesions is recommended and may be crucial for a good outcome.
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ranking = 1
keywords = obstruction
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2/41. thyroid gland hematoma after blunt cervical trauma.

    Thyroid hematoma is a rare cause of airway obstruction in victims of blunt trauma. The case of a 34-year-old woman who developed orthopnea after a low-energy motor vehicle accident is described. Presenting greater than 24 hours after her accident, the patient noted dysphagia, tracheal deviation, and postural dyspnea. The diagnosis of thyroid gland hematoma was made with a combination of fiberoptic laryngoscopy, cervical computed tomography, and great vessel and carotid angiography. Invasive airway management was not required. The patient underwent a total thyroidectomy and recovered without complications.
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ranking = 75.485354851502
keywords = airway obstruction, airway, obstruction
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3/41. Latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap reconstruction of neck and axillary burn contractures.

    neck and axillary burn contractures are both a devastating functional and cosmetic deformity for patients and a challenging problem for reconstructive surgeons. Severe contractures are more commonly seen in the developing world, a result of both the widespread use of open fires and the inadequacy of primary and secondary burn care in these vicinities. When deep burns are allowed to heal spontaneously, patients develop hypertrophic scarring of the neck and axillary areas. The back is typically spared, however, remaining a suitable donor site. We have used nine latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flaps in a total of six patients, finding the flaps effective in resurfacing both the neck and the axillary regions after wide release of burn contractures. Before flap mobilization, surgical neck release is often necessary to ensure safe, effective control of the airway in patients with significant neck contractures. Flap bulkiness in the anterior neck region can eventually be reduced by dividing the thoracodorsal nerve. Anchoring the skin paddle to its recipient site through the placement of tacking sutures will also help achieve a more normal anterior neck contour.
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ranking = 15.413636245314
keywords = airway
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4/41. Reinforcement of laryngeal mask airway cuff position with endotracheal tube cuff for airway control in a patient with altered upper airway anatomy.

    Implications: This case report suggests that the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) cuff position may not be optimal in some difficult airway situations in which the anatomical position of the larynx is altered. Reinforcement of the LMA cuff position by an additional cuff on the dorsal side of the LMA cuff may prove helpful. In this case, in which a difficult airway was anticipated, a nasopharyngeal tube cuff placed behind the standard LMA cuff helped relieve upper airway obstruction.
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ranking = 291.2762622859
keywords = airway obstruction, airway, obstruction
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5/41. A craniocervical injury-induced syringomyelia caused by central canal dilation secondary to acquired tonsillar herniation. Case report.

    The authors report on a 19-year-old man with an acquired tonsillar herniation caused by a craniocervical junction injury in which serial magnetic resonance (MR) images demonstrated patent and isolated segments of the central canal participating in the dilation and then formation of a cervical syrinx. The patient was involved in a motor vehicle accident; he developed tonsillar herniation as a complication of subarachnoid and epidural hemorrhage, predominantly observed around the cisterna magna and upper cervical canal. Repeated MR images obtained over an 11-month period indicated the for mation and acute enlargement of the syrinx. Ten months after the accident, the patient presented with sensory disturbance in both upper extremities and spasticity due to syringomyelia. He underwent craniocervical decompressive surgery and doraplasty, which reduced the size of syringomyelia. The authors postulate that the patent central canal may play a role in determining the location of a syrinx remote from a focus of cerebrospinal fluid obstruction.
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keywords = obstruction
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6/41. Difficult airway management of a child impaled through the neck.

    We report the difficult airway management of a child impaled through the neck by a wooden plant support. The various options are discussed and the involvement of experienced personnel together with a clear preformulated plan of action is stressed.
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ranking = 77.068181226572
keywords = airway
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7/41. Membranous tracheal rupture in children following minor blunt cervical trauma.

    Injuries to the tracheobronchial tree are well-recognized sequelae of massive blunt or penetrating injuries of the neck or chest. They may also occur as a rare complication of endotracheal intubation. We present 2 cases of a less well-recognized clinical entity, rupture of the membranous trachea following minimal blunt trauma to the neck in children. The case histories and management of this disorder are discussed. Recognition and treatment of this problem requires a high index of suspicion for the lesion and timely investigations. Open repair of the trachea to secure a stable airway is recommended for this injury, unless the wound is small and the wound edges are well approximated.
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ranking = 15.413636245314
keywords = airway
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8/41. Traumatic retropharyngeal haematoma treated by embolization of the thyrocervical trunk.

    Trauma involving the retropharyngeal space is relatively infrequent. Upper airway obstruction due to a retropharyngeal haematoma can be life threatening and requires immediate intervention. We present a well-documented case that illustrates the unexpected clinical course of such a haematoma and its management.
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ranking = 60.071718606188
keywords = airway obstruction, airway, obstruction
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9/41. Critical airway compromise caused by neck haematoma.

    The recognition and treatment of the compromised airway needs to be quick and systematic. airway obstruction, can rapidly progresses to anoxia irreversible cerebral damage and death, within four to five minutes. Management of the unstable airway has the highest treatment priority regardless of the presence of other medical conditions. We report the clinical course of minor anterior neck injury in two elderly patients taking oral anticoagulants. Both patients developed sudden airway obstruction, due to circumferential neck haematoma; six to eight hours post injury. The rapid neck swelling caused upper airway compression and rapid desaturation. Both patients required urgent orotracheal intubation in the emergency room. patients with a history of blunt neck trauma may initially appear stable, then quickly decompensate and require an emergency airway.
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ranking = 184.3808085687
keywords = airway obstruction, airway, obstruction
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10/41. Delayed presentation of lymphatic malformation of the cervicofacial region: role of trauma.

    Lymphatic malformations (LMs) are uncommon congenital lesions that may occur throughout the body, although the head and neck region is the most common site. Most LMs are seen at birth. However, they may present in adolescence or adulthood, mainly as a result of trauma or infection. We report the case of a 7-year-old boy who presented with an LM of the cervicofacial region causing airway compression. We discuss the causes of delayed presentation of these congenital lesions. An overview of the causation, natural history, diagnosis, and treatment options is presented.
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ranking = 15.413636245314
keywords = airway
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