Cases reported "Neck Injuries"

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1/51. Tentative injuries to exposed skin in a homicide case.

    A 28-year-old man stabbed both his wife and his 3-year-old son to death, before unsuccessfully attempting to commit suicide. The incident occurred against a background of marital conflict. The child's body exhibited six tentative wounds to the skin in the area of the heart, with no corresponding defects in the overlying clothing, a pattern normally seen only in suicide. Their presence can be explained by the fact that this can be considered an extended suicide, the father's motivation for the killing being comparable to that for true suicide. However, wounds of this nature can be produced in such cases only if the victim is severely limited in his ability to defend himself, here due to the superior physical strength of the father.
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ranking = 1
keywords = death
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2/51. Accidental hanging with delayed death in a lift.

    While hanging is a common method of committing suicide in india, accidental hanging is uncommon. However, it does occur when people are engaged in auto-erotic practices. An adult male who was helping passengers trapped in the lift of an outpatient department at a teaching hospital was accidentally hanged. He survived for 39 days. This case highlights a rare but serious hazard in the use of lifts.
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ranking = 4
keywords = death
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3/51. life-threatening nail gun injuries.

    The use of pneumatic and explosive cartridge-activated nail guns is common in the construction industry. The ease and speed of nailing these tools afford enhance productivity at the cost of increased potential for traumatic injury. Although extremity injuries are most common, life-threatening injuries to the head, neck, chest, or abdomen and pelvis may occur. During a 20-month period, eight potentially life-threatening nail gun injuries were admitted to a Level I trauma center, including injuries to the brain, eye, neck, heart, lung, and femoral artery. Mechanism of injury included nail ricochet, nail gun misuse due to inadequate training, and successful suicide. Nail guns have significant potential for causing severe debilitating injury and death. These findings indicate a need for improved safety features and user education. The various types of nail guns, their ballistic potential, and techniques for operative management are discussed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = death
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4/51. The chain saw: an uncommon means of committing suicide.

    A suicide committed with a power saw is an uncommonly reported incident: and the use of a chain saw in particular has been extremely rare. We report two cases of suicide that were committed by using chain saws. In each case the victim had a history of depression or of a prior suicide attempt, and applied the chain saw to his neck to kill himself. We summarize the findings of the two death investigations and the world literature pertaining to suicide committed with power saws.
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ranking = 1
keywords = death
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5/51. Trampoline injuries of the cervical spine.

    Trampolines were responsible for over 6,500 pediatric cervical spine injuries in 1998. This represents a five-fold increase in just 10 years. While most have been minor, paraplegia, quadriplegia and death are all reported. We present 2 cases of trampoline-related cervical spine injury and review the relevant literature. Additionally, we examine the efforts made to reduce the incidence of trampoline injuries, and discuss why these have failed. We conclude that safety guidelines and warnings are inadequate. In addition, we support recommendations for a ban on the use of trampolines by children.
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ranking = 1
keywords = death
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6/51. Two cases of accidental asphyxia by neck compression between bed bars.

    Two cases of asphyxia due to compression of the neck between the side bars of a bed in elderly subjects affected by neuropsychiatric pathologies are presented. In both cases no lesions were found on the skin or in the anatomic structures of the neck. The absence of lesions made determining the cause of death difficult. Generic evidence of asphyxia (acute pulmonary emphysema and petechiae) allowed a diagnosis to be formulated. The discovery of the object that caused the death was possible only with information regarding the circumstances and inspection of the scenes of the deaths.
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ranking = 3
keywords = death
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7/51. Foreign body in injury--an important evidence.

    In the present paper, a complete case is discussed, that is from the crime upto judgement in the court of law, from the Forensic point of view. The postmortem examination was conducted by the author in which a metallic fragment of size of a mustard seed was found in a incised wound. On chemical analyzers examination, the metal fragment matched with the suspected weapon, in respect of spectrochemical contents. This evidence became an important part in the investigation for conviction of the accused in the court of law. This indicates that when-ever any foreign body, whatever it may be or of whatever size, should not be neglected while examining the injury before death of after death, since it can become an important piece of evidence.
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ranking = 2
keywords = death
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8/51. Car window entrapment and accidental childhood asphyxia.

    A 3-year-old boy was found hanging from a partly opened car window. Attempted resuscitation was unsuccessful. Postmortem reconstruction of events leading up to death indicated that the boy had slipped while standing on his tricycle and entrapped his head as he was attempting either to look into the car, or to climb in through the window. While it is not always possible to completely secure childhood environments, open cars should not be regarded as safe places for young children to play in or around when an adult is not in attendance. To minimize the chance of injury or death to children from parked cars, young children should be removed from vehicles and all windows and doors securely closed and locked, if they are to be left in the vicinity of the car to play unsupervised.
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ranking = 2
keywords = death
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9/51. cerebral revascularization in trauma and carotid occlusion.

    Cerebrovascular disruption frequently results from head and neck trauma. Injury to the extra- and intracranial carotid artery is uncommon but is associated with a high rate of death and permanent neurologic deficit. In this article, injuries to the carotid artery are reviewed with emphasis on the mechanisms, clinical manifestations, radiologic evaluation, and management of these traumatic lesions.
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ranking = 1
keywords = death
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10/51. Case report of sudden death after a blow to the back of the neck.

    A 13-year-old girl experienced a fall during gym class that caused immediate unresponsiveness and death. The lone witness reported that the decedent lost her balance as she approached a hurdle and fell, striking her head on a crossbar of the hurdle near the ground. autopsy revealed no external injury. Internal injury that could be demonstrated anatomically was confined to a contusion within the right semicapitis muscle at the base of the skull. In the absence of an anatomic cause of death, possible explanations of the death include a cardiac dysrhythmia, a vasovagal stimulus, and diffuse axonal injury caused by a concussive force to the junction of the medulla and spinal cord. Animal studies have shown that severe concussion can cause death via profound autonomic dysfunction without leaving anatomic evidence of injury, and that the essential component of concussion is an element of rotational injury to the brain. The authors believe that the blow to the neck caused this death by the transmission of a concussive force through the reticular activating system. The prompt work of police in distinguishing the lone witness from several people in the area who thought they knew what had happened was essential for diagnosis. On reaching our conclusions, the authors notified first the family, then the superintendent of the school system, and finally the news media. The authors told each party in turn that they would be contacting the others.
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ranking = 9
keywords = death
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