Cases reported "Neck Pain"

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1/14. Spontaneous fracture of an ossified stylohyoid ligament.

    The stylohyoid ligament extends from the styloid process to the hyoid bone. For an unknown reason it occasionally ossifies and forms a solid structure which can break because of trauma or even spontaneously. Symptoms of the fracture may mimic tumours, foreign bodies, infections or neuralgia. In our cases a spontaneous fracture of totally ossified stylohyoid ligaments presented as a painful neck swelling. The diagnosis was achieved by an ortopantomographic radiograph. In both cases the healing was spontaneous and complete.
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2/14. Complications related to hydroxyapatite vertebral spacer in anterior cervical spine surgery.

    STUDY DESIGN: This is a report of complications related to the hydroxyapatite vertebral spacer used for anterior cervical reconstructive surgery. Compression of the spinal cord by broken fragments of hydroxyapatite spacer as well as its surrounding radiolucent clear zone were observed in seven patients. OBJECTIVES: To report complications related to the use of hydroxyapatite vertebral spacer for anterior cervical reconstructive surgery and to discuss how to prevent these complications. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Despite previous articles reporting the clinical applications of hydroxyapatite vertebral spacer for the cervical spine, clinical reports regarding the long-term results of hydroxyapatite spacer for anterior cervical surgery and its complications have been limited. methods: The authors reviewed patients who underwent anterior reconstructive surgery using the hydroxyapatite spacer at other hospitals and had postoperative complications related to hydroxyapatite spacer. RESULTS: Seven patients previously treated by anterior cervical spine surgery using the hydroxyapatite vertebral spacer were referred to the authors because of unsatisfactory surgical outcomes. All the patients had a radiolucent clear zone around the spacer and experienced severe neck pain. Four had fracture of the hydroxyapatite spacer, and two had compression of the spinal cord by retropulsed fragments of broken hydroxyapatite spacers. CONCLUSIONS: Although hydroxyapatite has been used in many medical fields because of its bioactive characteristics, its mechanical properties should be improved to lessen the risks of breakage and subsequent spinal cord compression. Gentle insertion maneuvers are also important to avoid the production of cracks inside the spacer.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = fracture
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3/14. Combined odontoid and jefferson fracture in a child: a case report.

    STUDY DESIGN: A case of combined odontoid and Jefferson fracture is reported. OBJECTIVE: To alert spine physicians to the rare combination of an odontoid and Jefferson fracture in a child. methods: A 5-year old boy presented with neck pain and torticollis after falling on his head from a four-wheeler that had rolled over. A computed tomography scan confirmed a combined odontoid and Jefferson fracture. RESULTS: The child was successfully treated nonsurgically with a hard cervical orthosis. At this writing, the child clinically is asymptomatic 2 years after the injury. DISCUSSION: The fall on to the head caused the body weight to be transmitted to the atlas. The resulting force vector produced the classic Jefferson fracture of the atlas. As the atlas fracture spread with continued compressive and axial forces, tension was exerted on the alar ligaments (check ligaments), leading to the avulsion fracture of the odontoid. CONCLUSIONS: This is only the second reported case of a child with a combined Jefferson and odontoid fracture. This diagnosis should be considered in the evaluation of a child with neck pain and torticollis from a fall on the top of the head.
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ranking = 1.8333333333333
keywords = fracture
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4/14. Unilateral cervical facet fracture: presentation of two cases and literature review.

    STUDY DESIGN: Two patients with diagnosis of unilateral cervical facet fracture due to motor vehicle accident (MVA) are presented, and the literature is reviewed. OBJECTIVE: To discuss the diagnostic difficulties and management strategies in two patients with post-traumatic cervical facet fracture. SETTING: Department of neurosurgery, Zonguldak Karaelmas University, faculty of medicine, turkey. SUBJECT: Nonoperative treatment with immobilization was preferred in two female cases (33-34 years old) with diagnosis of C6-7 facet fracture following MVA. magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could be performed in acute period in the first case, but not in the second because of inadequate technical condition. RESULT: The first case with a good compliance to immobilization recovered without any neurological complication. However, the second case mobilized earlier and used a collar irregularly. Instability developed in the second case on the second month and surgical intervention with anterior approach was performed. CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of unilateral facet fractures is often missed and the treatment is still controversial. The compliance of the patient to cervical immobilization in nonoperative treatment plays a very important role in the development of late complications. MRI in the acute period may be useful in determining instability.
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ranking = 1.3333333333333
keywords = fracture
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5/14. Osteoporotic fracture of the dens revealed by cervical manipulation.

    Osteoporotic vertebral fractures selectively affect the thoracolumbar junction, usually sparing the cervical spine. A 65-year-old woman with documented osteoporotic fractures and chronic alcohol abuse presented with neck pain and occipital neuralgia that started after she suddenly flexed then extended her neck. Following several sessions of cervical manipulation, her pain became more severe, and she was admitted. Imaging studies showed multiple fractures in the dens, C6 and C7. These apparently spontaneous fractures suggested a bone tumor, for which investigations were negative. osteoporosis was the only identifiable cause. The spinal manipulations probably worsened the lesions which were performed by a chiropractor who is not a physician and did not obtain cervical spine radiographs before treating the patient. osteoporosis contraindicates spinal manipulation at any level, including the cervical spine.
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ranking = 1.3333333333333
keywords = fracture
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6/14. chiropractic care of a patient with low back pain associated with subluxations and a Malgaigne-type pelvic fracture.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the chiropractic care of a patient with a pelvic ring fracture and concomitant subluxations of multiple segments of the spinal column. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 23-year-old male, after falling down a flight of stairs, was initially hospitalized for fractures of the pelvis. Five weeks posthospitalization, the patient initiated chiropractic care with complaints of severe low back pain with lower extremity involvement. He also complained of neck pain and occipital headache. The patient had several positive low back orthopedic tests with bilaterally absent Achilles deep tendon reflexes. The anteroposterior radiographic view revealed ununited fractures at the left superior and inferior pubic ramus, noted as a type I Malgaigne fracture. Subluxations were detected at the left innominate (ie, fracture-subluxation) and at the patient's lumbar, thoracic, and cervical spine. INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME: The patient was cared for with contact-specific, high-velocity, low-amplitude adjustments to sites of vertebral and sacroiliac subluxations. The patient's response to care was positive, receiving great pain relief. Less than 3 months after initiating care, the patient returned to work on regular duty. CONCLUSION: There are indications that patients suffering from the injuries described above may derive benefits from chiropractic care. The practitioner must pay careful attention to issues of biomechanical and vascular stability and adjustment modifications in these types of patients.
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ranking = 1.5
keywords = fracture
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7/14. Occult congenital anomaly of the atlas presenting in the setting of acute trauma.

    Congenital absence of the posterior arch of the atlas is rare. Its detection in the setting of acute trauma may be confusing and mimic a fracture. This case serves to highlight the adjunctive use of computed tomography in equivocal cases. Most patients can be managed conservatively, however operative treatment should be reserved for patients in whom atlanto-axial instability has been shown.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = fracture
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8/14. Long-term results of occipitothoracic fusion surgery in RA patients with destruction of the cervical spine.

    OBJECTIVE: This is a retrospective study of the outcome of occipitothoracic fusion surgery in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with destruction of the cervical spine, designed to assess the efficacy of halo vest before surgery, the postoperative outcome, and the activities-of-daily living (ADL) problems associated with surgical management. There have been no reports regarding these issues, including surgical effect on subjacent vertebrae. methods: This study included 20 RA patients with destruction of the cervical spine. All patients underwent preoperative halo vest followed by occipitothoracic fusion with an average follow-up of 5 years. The long-term clinical outcomes were analyzed using a modified Ranawat classification. RESULTS: Before halo application, the neurologic status was assessed as IIIC in 15 patients and IIIB in 5 patients. After halo application, the neurologic status improved in all patients: IIIA in 12 patients and IIIB in 8 patients. After surgery, the neurologic status did not improve in six of the eight IIIB patients but improved to IIIA in two patients. Of the 12 IIIA patients, the neurologic status improved to II in 6 patients but did not improve in the other 6 patients. patient satisfaction was excellent for 14 patients, good for 3 patients, and fair for only 3 patients (1 had difficulty drinking, another had back pain, and the last had low back pain associated with a compression fracture of the lumbar spine). CONCLUSIONS: We have performed occipitothoracic fusion surgery in RA patients with destruction of the cervical spine. Preoperative halo vest was very effective for improving the neurologic status, for the general condition, and for an optimal sagittal alignment. Occipitothoracic fusion using unit rods gave satisfactory long-term clinical results compared with the prognosis of patients in whom the disease follows its natural course.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = fracture
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9/14. Atlas: standard diagnostic tests for an unusual fracture.

    The case is reported of an unusual atlas fracture with no reports of such an injury in the literature. The diagnosis of this injury emphasises the importance of simple clinical decision instruments, and systematic interpretation of investigations.
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ranking = 0.83333333333333
keywords = fracture
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10/14. Residual neck pain after traumatic spondylolisthesis of the axis.

    OBJECTIVE: Most patients with traumatic spondylolisthesis of the axis are treated nonsurgically. Some patients do not develop symptoms, but others experience strong and persistent neck pain. To clarify the factor that plays a major role in residual neck pain after this fracture, we reviewed nine patients who underwent conservative treatment. methods: patients were assessed via telephone interviews an average of 62 months after injury and were divided into two groups: those with and those without neck pain. Angulation and anterior translation between the second and third cervical vertebrae were measured on lateral radiograms at the time of injury, removal of brace, and final follow-up. Fracture lines were also investigated by computed tomography. RESULTS: At the time of final follow-up, the average angulation was 6.3 degrees and the average translation was 5.3 mm in the neck-pain group and 0.6 degrees and 0.2 mm, respectively, in the no-symptom group. In patients with fracture lines present on the articular surface of the inferior face joints, angulation persisted or increased, even though the fractures were hemilateral. This was compatible with severe neck pain. In contrast, angulation and translation were improved in patients with an intact inferior articular surface of the axis, and pain was not reported. CONCLUSIONS: Injury on the inferior articular surface of the axis may disturb spontaneous healing of C2-C3 subluxation and cause residual neck pain. It is necessary to assess the presence of injury to the inferior facet bilaterally with plain or computed tomograms.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = fracture
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