Cases reported "neck pain"

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1/240. Spinal subdural hematoma: a rare complication of lumbar puncture. Case report and review of the literature.

    Spinal subdural hematoma, though rare, is an established complication of lumbar puncture. A young man with persistent back and neck pain after a traumatic lumbar puncture for the diagnosis of lymphocytic meningitis is presented. A diagnosis of spinal subdural hematoma at T2 to T8 levels without significant spinal cord compression was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. Symptoms resolved after one month of analgesics and muscle relaxants. ( info)

2/240. Elongated stylohyoid process: a report of three cases.

    The stylohyoid process is part of the stylohyoid chain--the styloid process, the stylohyoid ligament, and the lesser cornu of the hyoid bone. The stylohyoid chain is derived from the second branchial arch. Mineralisation of the stylohyoid ligament and ossification at the tip may increase the length of the styloid process. An elongated stylohyoid or styloid process is considered to be the source of craniofacial and cervical pain commonly known as Eagle's syndrome. In some instances the stylohyoid process may be considerably elongated, yet remain asymptomatic. This paper reports three patients with elongated stylohyoid processes discovered incidentally on routine radiographic examination. ( info)

3/240. Occipital pain in osteoid osteoma of the atlas. A report of two cases.

    STUDY DESIGN: Two cases of occipital pain caused by an osteoid osteoma of the atlas are presented. OBJECTIVES: To describe the management of occipital pain in two young patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Osteoid osteoma is a benign lesion mostly affecting the long bones. A spinal location is uncommon. To the authors' knowledge, there are only five other reports of an osteoid osteoma located in the atlas. methods: Occipital headache, which was relieved by salicylates, was the major symptom reported by the two adolescents. In the first patient, a lesion of C1 was seen on plain radiographs. In the second patient, the diagnosis of osteoid osteoma was suggested by scintigraphic imaging and subsequently by computed tomography. RESULTS: Pain disappeared in both cases after surgical excision of the lesion. Histologic examination disclosed characteristic features of osteoid osteoma. CONCLUSIONS: Occipital pain in adolescents, which is relieved by aspirin, should raise suspicion about the possibility of an osteoid osteoma of the atlas. If standard cervical spine radiographs are negative, isotope scanning and computed tomography can help to establish the diagnosis. Complete excision eliminates the lesion and produces immediate relief for the patient. ( info)

4/240. Salon sink radiculopathy: a case series.

    Cervical radiculopathy can be diagnosed on physical examination with the Spurling test, which narrows neural foramina via neck extension along with coupled rotation and side-bending. In the presence of cervical radiculopathy, this test can reproduce radicular symptoms by transmitting compressive forces to affected nerve roots as they traverse the neural foramina. Treatment of cervical radiculopathy includes patient education to avoid obvious postures that exacerbate radicular symptoms and to assume positions that centralize discomfort. A potentially harmful position to which many patients are unwittingly subjected at least several times per year occurs when their hair is being shampooed in a salon sink before a haircut. This posture causes neck extension and is combined with rotation and side-bending as the patient's head is being manipulated during the shampooing. When the stylist then also applies a mild compressive force while shampooing the patient's hair, hyperextension of the neck is produced. We present two patients with cervical radiculopathy that was significantly exacerbated after the patient's hair had been shampooed in a salon sink; subsequently, these patients required oral administration of steroids. These cases illustrate that patients with suspected or known cervical radiculopathy should be forewarned to avoid this otherwise seemingly innocuous activity. ( info)

5/240. Central neurocytoma of the fourth ventricle. Case report.

    The authors report on a 17-year-old boy who suffered from slowly progressive and long-standing symptoms of ataxia, neck pain, and headache. Computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging revealed a tumor arising from the floor of the fourth ventricle that resulted in a moderate hydrocephalus. A partial resection was performed. Histological and immunohistological findings led to the diagnosis of an atypical central neurocytoma of the fourth ventricle. The imaging features on CT scanning, MR imaging, and proton MR spectroscopy studies, the clinical picture, and the prognosis of this very unusual tumor are discussed. Three cases of neurocytomas in the posterior fossa have been described to date; however, in all three cases some atypical aspects were present. In the present case, with the exception of the very unusual location, both imaging findings and clinical history perfectly met the definition of this rare tumor. ( info)

6/240. Infusional 5-fluorouracil can be a pain in the neck: A case for repositioning displaced Hickman lines.

    Increasing numbers of patients receive infusional chemotherapy or total parenteral nutrition via Hickman or Grochong lines. Although the insertion of these indwelling catheters is generally performed under radiological guidance and their positions verified by chest radiography, it is still feasible for them to become displaced at a later date. This possibility should be excluded in patients who develop unusual symptoms during the course of their infusional therapy. We review the reported complications associated with Hickman lines, and present a case history demonstrating that interventional radiology has a valuable role in displaced line repositioning, after the exclusion of thrombosis and infection. ( info)

7/240. Extraspinal enthesopathy caused by isotretinoin therapy.

    OBJECTIVE: To discuss a case of diffuse peripheral enthesopathy in a patient previously treated with long-term isotretinoin (Accutane) for severe acne. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 47-year old man with 1 month history of moderate neck and right upper extremity pain, with hypoesthesia of the right second and third fingers. Palpable bony prominences around multiple superficial joints were noted on physical examination, raising the initial question of osteochondromatosis. Multiple active acne pustules were noted. A limited skeletal survey demonstrated diffuse peripheral enthesophyte formation and hyperostoses, resembling those of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis, but without accompanying spinal changes. A history of long-term Accutane therapy was then elicited. INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME: The enthesopathy was believed to represent an asymptomatic, longstanding, iatrogenically induced abnormality. No specific therapy or follow-up was indicated. The patient had discontinued use of Accutane years ago. Cervical symptoms improved with four sessions of cervical traction and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, but upper extremity symptoms were refractory. CONCLUSION: Accutane-induced enthesopathy should be considered in individuals with correlating radiologic and clinical features and history of retinoic acid therapy for acne. This should be a diagnosis by exclusion, after eliminating other potential causes of peripheral enthesopathy, particularly diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis, seronegative spondylarthropathy, and fluorosis. ( info)

8/240. Cranial arteritis: a medical emergency with orofacial manifestations.

    BACKGROUND: Cranial arteritis, or CA, a vascular disease affecting primarily elderly people, may result in permanent blindness if untreated. Since it frequently mimics temporomandibular joint, myofascial or odontogenic pain, dentists must be familiar with this condition. CASE DESCRIPTION: The authors present reports of two patients who had signs and symptoms of CA, some of which were suggestive of other head and neck pain disorders. In both cases, the diagnosis of CA was confirmed by temporal artery biopsy, and treatment with systemic steroids resulted in rapid resolution of symptoms. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Prompt diagnosis and treatment of CA not only results in resolution of symptoms, but also may prevent blindness, the most serious sequela of the condition. ( info)

9/240. Bilateral vertebral artery dissection causing a cerebrovascular accident in pregnancy. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: vertebral artery dissection, occurring spontaneously or following a traumatic event, is a cause of posterior circulation stroke in young individuals, including pregnant women. CASE: A 20-year-old, primagravid woman acutely developed headache, right-sided hemiparesis and parasthesias, and blurred vision. Within days she complained of cervical neck pain. magnetic resonance imaging findings were consistent with a posterior circulation cerebrovascular accident (CVA). An arteriogram, performed to exclude vasculitis, revealed bilateral vertebral artery dissection. No inciting event could be recalled. CONCLUSION: Vascular dissections occur rarely during pregnancy. Spontaneous extracranial vertebral artery dissection itself is very rare in general. Cerebral ischemia can follow vertebral artery dissection. In young patients with CVA, consideration of the diagnosis of vertebral artery dissection followed-by angiography and anticoagulation is an important component of the workup and care. ( info)

10/240. A medico-legal report to a solicitor.

    This is an example of the influence that modern pain science can have on medico-legal reporting. The report has been reproduced with minor changes. These changes have been made so as to protect the identities of those involved and to assist the reader. ( info)
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