Cases reported "Necrosis"

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1/236. Ferumoxide-enhanced MRI of sideronecrosis superimposed on genetic hemochromatosis.

    Genetic hemochromatosis is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by excessive iron absorption from the gut, resulting in increased total body iron stores, multisystem organ dysfunction, and an increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma. The magnetic susceptibility effects of excess hepatocellular iron generally cause diffuse hepatic signal loss on T2- or T2*-weighted MR images. Although hepatic iron deposition is usually diffuse, focal areas of iron sparing can occur, and, when present, superimposed neoplasm is a consideration. We describe a patient with cirrhosis, hemochromatosis, and multiple small benign relatively hyperintense iron-poor foci consisting of piecemeal sideronecrosis.
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keywords = neoplasm
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2/236. Hurthle cell carcinoma of the thyroid gland with extensive tumor necrosis: a case report.

    Hurthle cell neoplasm of the thyroid gland is rarely associated with tumor necrosis. We report a case of Hurthle cell carcinoma of the thyroid gland with extensive necrosis. An 82-year-old man had had a right neck mass for more than 10 years. Approximately two to three weeks before he was hospitalized, this neck mass became progressively enlarged. An 131I scan could not demonstrate the right lobe of the thyroid gland, while the contralateral lobe was unremarkable. A 99mTc-sestamibi scan showed increased uptake on the lesion side. Fine needle aspiration cytology showed necrosis with macrophages in the initial aspirate, and the secondary aspirate appeared suspicious for a Hurthle cell tumor. The patient had a total thyroidectomy, and the pathology proved to be Hurthle cell carcinoma with tumor necrosis.
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keywords = neoplasm
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3/236. bone marrow metastases in disseminated alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma: case report with ultrastructural study and review.

    A case of desseminated alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma in an 18-year-old male with leuco-erythroblastic anaemia is described. Numerous bizarre malignant cells, including frequent multinucleated giant cells, were seen in bone marrow aspirates, and osteolytic lesions appeared late in the clinical course. The primary site of the neoplasm remained undertermined during life and also at necropsy, which revealed minute pulmonary metastases and extensive lymph nodal, pleural and skeletal deposits. The diagnosis was confirmed on necropsy tissue by ultrastructural examination which demonstrated numerous thin (5 nm) and thick (15 nm) intracytoplasmic filaments in tumour cells, sometimes organized in bundles; scattered dense Z-band-like bodies, and rod-shaped structures were also seen. The fine structure of the rhabdomyosarcoma in the present case is compared with previous ultrastructural studies. Elongated, thick intracytoplasmic filaments whose diameter corresponds to that of myosin myofilaments are strong evidence for rhabdomyoblastic differentiation and are considered to be the sine qua non of a positive electron microscopic diagnosis of rhabdomyosarcoma. Orgaized bundles of filaments and Z-band-like dense bodies are usually present, and rod-shaped structures are found infrequently, but none of these are necessary for the ultrastructural diagnosis.
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keywords = neoplasm
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4/236. A simple reconstructive procedure for radiation-induced necrosis of the external auditory canal.

    Localized necrosis of the bone, cartilage, and soft tissue of the external auditory canal is an uncommon side effect of radiotherapy to the parotid region. Five patients developed late onset skin necrosis of a quadrant of the ear canal secondary to an underlying osteoradionecrosis of the tympanic ring. We report a one-stage procedure to excise the necrotic tissue and replace it with a local rotational flap derived from the post-auricular skin. Otological side effects of radiotherapy are discussed.
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ranking = 353.75614368149
keywords = radiation-induced
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5/236. Sclerosing hyaline necrosis of the liver in bloom syndrome.

    bloom syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by normally proportioned but strikingly small body size, a characteristic facies and photosensitive facial skin lesion, immunodeficiency, and a marked predisposition to development of a variety of cancers. We describe here, we believe for the first time, pronounced sclerosing hyaline necrosis with mallory bodies in the liver of a patient with bloom syndrome. mallory bodies are cytoplasmic eosinophilic inclusions, which are more common in visibly damaged, swollen hepatocytes in various liver diseases but are never found in normal liver. The possible pathogenesis of this finding in bloom syndrome is discussed.
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ranking = 0.80776500451404
keywords = cancer
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6/236. Squamous cell carcinoma arising in a Warthin's tumor.

    Warthin's tumor is a well-defined salivary gland neoplasm consisting of epithelial and lymphoid components. However, malignant transformation is extremely rare. Such a patient who developed squamous cell carcinoma within a Warthin's tumor of the parotid gland is described and possible pathogenesis is discussed.
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keywords = neoplasm
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7/236. calciphylaxis associated with metastatic breast carcinoma.

    calciphylaxis is a rare disorder associated with calcification of small- and medium-sized blood vessels, and progressive skin necrosis usually seen in the setting of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and secondary hyperparathyroidism. It has also been observed in primary hyperparathyroidism, hypercalcemia of malignancy (extensive bony metastasis of breast cancer), and an isolated case reported with end-stage liver disease. We report an unusual case of calciphylaxis associated with metastatic breast carcinoma in the absence of renal or parathyroid disease. calciphylaxis has generally been associated with end-stage renal disease and hyperparathyroidism. One previous case report described calciphylaxis occurring in a patient with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the breast and hypercalcemia. Our case represents the second reported case of calciphylaxis associated with osteolytic, metastatic breast cancer. Although ESRD with secondary hyperparathyroidism is the most common presentation of calciphylaxis, this case demonstrates that other conditions that alter normal calcium metabolism must be considered in the differential diagnosis.
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ranking = 1.6155300090281
keywords = cancer
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8/236. radiation-associated ischemic coloproctitis: report of two cases.

    radiation-associated ischemic coloproctitis is a rare clinical entity caused by vascular insufficiency to the rectosigmoid colon. It most commonly occurs after radiotherapy for gynecological cancer. We present herein the cases of two patients who developed radiation-associated coloproctitis with transmural necrosis and eventual perforation. Perforation of the rectosigmoid colon occurred 3.5 years after radiotherapy in case 1, a 46-year-old woman, and presented as a well-defined small area of transmural necrosis. Conversely, in case 2, a 55-year-old woman, it occurred 1.5 years after radiotherapy, and presented as segmental, diffuse transmural necrosis. The lesion in case 1 had been caused by intramural vascular obliteration due to marked fibrosis of the bowel wall, while that in case 2 had been caused by occlusion of the mesenteric artery with thrombosis. Both patients underwent Hartmann's resection without rectal excision, and survived the perforative event.
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ranking = 0.80776500451404
keywords = cancer
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9/236. Digital necrosis revealing ovarian cancer.

    We describe a 57-year-old woman who developed permanent acrocyanosis of all fingers rapidly leading to distal necrosis, revealing an ovarian cancer (OC). Seven similar published cases are reviewed. Digital ischaemia was bilateral, severe and frequently complicated by digital necrosis. OC was of epithelial origin and disseminated at the time of diagnosis. Initial treatment of OC usually resulted in improvement of digital ischaemia. A possible OC should be looked for in women aged 45 years or more presenting with severe digital ischaemia of recent onset.
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ranking = 4.0388250225702
keywords = cancer
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10/236. Hepatocellular carcinoma with spontaneous regression of multiple lung metastases.

    Spontaneously regressed lung metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in a 82-year-old Japanese man with liver cirrhosis was recorded. Multiple nodular lesions of both lungs, up to 1 cm across, were shown on chest X-ray when the clinical diagnosis of HCC was made because of the presence of a liver mass on abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan and high serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) value. The lung lesions which were regarded clinically as metastasis of HCC decreased in number and size 7 months later, and subsequently disappeared a further 7 months radiographically. However, the liver mass revealed no reduction on abdominal CT, despite normalization of the serum AFP value, and the patient died 7 months after the disappearance of the lung lesions. The patient refused biopsy for the liver mass and anticancerous treatment during the course of the disease. At autopsy, the liver mass, 13 cm in diameter, histologically featured moderately differentiated HCC. Only one metastasis, 0.5 cm across, was obvious in the left lower lung lobe. In addition, there were 14 minute lesions in both lungs, up to 0.2 cm across, including three with complete necrosis and 11 with histocytic reaction and fibrosis. The necrotic tissue was filled with large ghostly cells that appeared to be debris from a neoplastic tissue, regardless of no viable tumor cells among them. The clinical and autopsy findings highly suggested that the patient developed spontaneous regression of multiple lung metastases of HCC and subsequently left the very small lesions as the vestige. Thus, the histology of these lesions may exhibit a process of the regression as the sequence of events, i.e., a transition from necrosis of the metastatic HCC to its fibrosis. Presence of an effective factor(s) in relation to the regression was unclarified. There has been no reported cases with regression of the only metastasis of HCC in the literature to date.
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ranking = 0.80776500451404
keywords = cancer
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