Cases reported "Neoplasm, Residual"

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1/12. Spontaneous regression of a residual pineal tumor after resection of a cerebellar vermian germinoma.

    A case of multiple intracranial germ cell tumor in which a pineal tumor regressed spontaneously after resection of the cerebellar mass is reported. Immunohistochemical staining of the cerebellar mass showed that most of the infiltrating lymphocytes were positive for CD3 and CD8. The anti-Ki-67 monoclonal antibody MIB-1 staining of the resected tumor revealed a high MIB-1 positivity ratio (36.1%) among the large tumor cells, and TUNEL staining demonstrated that positivity in up to 6% of the tumor cells. Possible mechanisms responsible for this spontaneous regression including immunological responses and apoptosis induced by T lymphocytes are discussed.
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2/12. Extraskeletal osteosarcoma of the mediastinum after treatment of a mediastinal germ-cell tumor.

    Three years after four cycles of bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin (BEP) chemotherapy for a nonseminomatous germ-cell tumor of the mediastinum followed by complete resection of residual teratoma in a 21-year-old man, a mediastinal recurrence was diagnosed as an extraskeletal osteosarcoma. After unsuccessful chemotherapy and removal of the tumor, the patient died of cerebral metastases. Histologic transformation of the teratomatous components of nonseminomatous germ-cell tumors is an uncommon phenomenon showing a particular aspect of germ-cell tumor biology. We review the literature and discuss the pathogenesis concerning this subject.
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3/12. Diagnostic difficulties before definitive treatment of an extragonadal retroperitoneal germ cell tumor.

    A primary extragonadal germ cell tumor of the retroperitoneum was diagnosed in a 47-year-old man without elevated serum alpha-fetoprotein, human chorionic gonadotropin, or lactate dehydrogenase levels. The diagnosis was made by histologic analysis after resection. The patient responded well to a combination of cisplatin, etoposide, and ifosfamide, achieving a partial response with four cycles. Residual tumor resection revealed necrotic tissue only. The patient was alive and disease free 24 months after diagnosis. The diagnostic difficulties of this particular situation are discussed.
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4/12. Mixed malignant germ cell tumour of the lateral ventricle in an 8-month-old girl: case report and review of the literature.

    CASE REPORT: We report a huge intracerebral malignant germ cell tumour (GCT) which appeared in the lateral ventricles of an 8-month-old girl. Due to extensive tumour vascularisation only partial resection was achieved. histology revealed an embryonal carcinoma mixed with a teratoma. The MIB-1 staining index was >20%. Chemotherapy induced a marked regression of the tumour. After chemotherapy complete resection of the tumour remnant was easily achieved. histology showed only mesenchymal differentiated tumour tissue and the embryonal carcinoma could no longer be detected. More than 2 years after the second operation and 31 months after diagnosis the child remains tumour-free. CONCLUSION: The majority of cranial mixed malignant GCTs affects patients older than 4 years of age. To our knowledge this is the youngest patient in whom an intracranial malignant GCT containing an embryonal carcinoma has been diagnosed and successfully treated.
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5/12. Successful treatment of intracranial nongerminomatous malignant germ cell tumors by administering neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy before excision of residual tumors.

    OBJECT: The goal of this study was to confirm the effectiveness of our novel treatment strategy, neoadjuvant therapy (NAT) consisting of combined chemo- and radiotherapy, which are performed before complete excision of residual tumor in patients with intracranial nongerminomatous malignant germ cell tumors (NGMGCTs). methods: The authors treated 11 consecutive patients with NGMGCTs by applying NAT consisting of combined platinum-based chemotherapy and radiotherapy, followed by complete excision of residual tumors. The pretreatment diagnosis, based on tumor markers with or without biopsy, was yolk sac tumor in five patients, embryonal carcinoma in one patient, immature teratoma in one patient, and mixed germ cell tumor containing malignant tumor components in four patients. Among the 11 patients, NAT achieved a complete response in two and a partial response in six patients; two patients manifested no change and one suffered disease progression. Residual tumors that occurred post-NAT were surgically removed in nine patients. Of the 11 patients, 10 are currently alive without recurrence of their disease, 30 to 177 months (mean 96 months) after diagnosis. In one patient a leptomeningeal tumor recurred and he died of the disease 21 months after diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: neoadjuvant therapy, consisting of combined chemo- and radiotherapy, followed by complete excision of residual tumors is highly effective in patients with intracranial NGMGCTs.
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6/12. Growing teratoma syndrome in a patient with a non-germinomatous germ cell tumor in the neurohypophysis--case report.

    A 16-year-old woman presented with a non-germinomatous germ cell tumor in the neurohypophysis manifesting as progressive visual disturbance, amenorrhea, hydrodipsia, and polyuria. Her serum alpha-fetoprotein and human chorionic gonadotropin levels were elevated. She experienced sudden, rapid visual deterioration and underwent emergency partial tumor removal to decompress the optic nerves. Her vision subsequently improved. Histological examination of the surgical specimens confirmed immature teratoma. She received chemotherapy (ifosphamide 900 mg/m2, cisplatin 20 mg/m2, etoposide 60 mg/m2) for 5 consecutive days. Although the tumor marker levels decreased remarkably, her vision again declined rapidly due to enlargement of the tumor after the first course of chemotherapy. A second radical operation resulted in vision improvement. The tumor specimen showed only mature teratoma elements. This phenomenon, called the growing teratoma syndrome, is very rare in intracranial non-germinomatous germ cell tumors.
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7/12. Primary intracranial germinoma presenting as a central skull base lesion.

    We report an unusual case of primary intracranial germinoma involving the sphenoid bone and sinus. To the best of our knowledge, paranasal sinus and bone invasion of primary intracranial germinoma has not been previously reported. Recognition of this rare form of presentation by imaging is important because early radiation and chemotherapy can result in a cure of this neoplasm.
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8/12. teratoma in an adolescent with malignant transformation into embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma: case report.

    BACKGROUND: The somatic type tumors are occasionally found in nonseminomatous germ cell tumors in men. These malignancies are presumed to arise from malignant transformation (MT) of teratoma or by differentiation of totipotential germ cell. observation: A case of MT of germ cell tumor in 17-year-old male into embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma is described. The histopathologic diagnosis was that of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma in which no germ cell elements were found. The germ cell origin of transformed histology is supported by cytogenetic analysis (isochromosome 12p), and elevated alpha(1)-fetoprotein. Despite intensive therapy the patient died. CONCLUSIONS: MT of teratoma is rare entity with poor prognosis.
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9/12. A case of growing teratoma syndrome.

    Residual masses are a common finding after chemotherapy for metastases from nonseminomatous germ cell tumours of the testes. The prognosis of these patients with resected teratoma following successful cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy generally has been assumed to be good. Herein we reported an unusual teratoma case named "growing teratoma syndrome' by Logothetis et al. This patient was treated with multiple operations.
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10/12. Possible common origin of alpha-fetoprotein- and human chorionic gonadotropin--secreting cells in intracranial germ cell tumor. Case report.

    A primary intracranial germ cell tumor in a 16-year-old boy secreted both alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). The tumor, located in the right thalamus, contained germinomatous, trophoblastic, and endodermal sinus components. To identify AFP- and HCG-secreting cells, germ cells from the surgical specimen were cultured in vitro. These cultured cells secreted AFP and HCG for 10 weeks, and immunohistochemical studies showed that some of the cells secreted both AFP and HCG. These findings suggest that multipotential germ cells migrate to the encephalic region and may become germ cell tumors containing various types of tissue.
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ranking = 1.8
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