Cases reported "Neoplasm Invasiveness"

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1/443. Middle ear adenocarcinoma with intracranial extension. Case report.

    Middle ear adenocarcinoma is a very rare, locally invasive neoplasm assumed to arise from the middle ear mucosa. Although endolymphatic sac tumor (aggressive papillary middle ear tumor) and jugulotympanic paraganglioma may show brain invasion, intracranial extension of histologically confirmed middle ear adenocarcinoma has not been previously reported. The authors describe a 53-year-old man who suffered from otalgia and tinnitus for more than 10 years and from neurological deficits for 1 year due to a large temporal bone tumor that invaded the temporal lobe. A combined neurosurgical and otolaryngological resection was performed. Pathological analysis revealed a low-grade adenocarcinoma of a mixed epithelial-neuroendocrine phenotype, which showed a close histological similarity to, and topographical relationship with, middle ear epithelium. The authors conclude that middle ear adenocarcinoma belongs to the spectrum of extracranial tumors that have possible local extension to the brain.
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keywords = neoplasm
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2/443. Graphic analysis of microscopic tumor cell infiltration, proliferative potential, and vascular endothelial growth factor expression in an autopsy brain with glioblastoma.

    BACKGROUND: growth of brain tumors requires tumor-cell attachment to adjacent structures, degradation of surrounding matrixes, migration of tumor cells, proliferation of vasculature, and tumor cell proliferation. Comparison of the findings on neuroimaging, degrees and patterns of tumor invasion, regional tumor cell viability detected by Ki-67 immunohistochemistry, and regional vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in whole-brain specimen of glioblastoma therefore is of great interest, and will facilitate study of the host reaction against the glioblastoma. methods: We graphically analyzed microscopic tumor-cell infiltration, regional differences in Ki-67 labeling indices (LI), and immunohistochemical expression of VEGF in an autopsy brain with glioblastoma. RESULTS: glioblastoma cells infiltrated the brain far beyond the gross limits of the tumor and the areas with high signal intensity on T2-weighted magnetic resonance images. A wide range of histologic malignancy was apparent from hematoxylin-eosin staining and the Ki-67 labeling indices. VEGF was highly expressed in normal astrocytes located outside the tumor. CONCLUSION: Graphic analysis of histologic and immunohistochemical patterns is a useful method of investigating the mechanisms of glioma growth, tumor cell infiltration in the brain, and the host reaction of the brain against neoplasms.
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ranking = 1.0272276327301
keywords = neoplasm, malignancy
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3/443. Diffuse metastatic infiltration of a carcinoma into skeletal muscle.

    Skeletal muscle is one of the most unusual sites of metastasis from any malignancy. We report a patient with rapidly progressive contractures due to metastatic infiltration of a carcinoma of unknown origin into the skeletal muscle. This 61-year-old man presented with a 1-month history of rapidly evolving, painful restriction of mobility of his right arm and his legs. Computed tomography showed diffuse metastatic nodules in all muscles, particularly in the hip abductors. Muscle biopsy revealed extensive infiltration of the muscle with carcinoma cells.
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ranking = 0.027227632730059
keywords = malignancy
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4/443. Malignant myoepithelioma of the salivary glands: clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features.

    Malignant myoepitheliomas (myoepithelial carcinomas) are uncommon, and we know of only 29 reported cases. We present a new case together with its clinical, histological, and immunohistochemical features. The tumour was located in the inferior vestibular sulcus of a 64-year-old woman. She was treated by wide local resection. Malignant myoepitheliomas are distinguished from benign myoepithelial neoplasms by their infiltrating and destructive growth. The tumour cells may be spindle-shaped or more rounded (plasmacytoid cells) and contain cellular pleomorphism and mitotic activity. The clinical and biological behaviour of this tumour is not yet known and there is little information about treatment and prognosis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
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5/443. The 1998 Pan American Lecture. Intraocular invasion of conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma in five patients.

    PURPOSE: To report five patients with intraocular invasion of conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma and to make recommendations regarding clinical recognition and treatment of this condition. methods: The authors reviewed the clinical records and pathology slides on five patients who had intraocular invasion of conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma, and they describe the presenting features and histopathology in these cases. RESULTS: Intraocular invasion of conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma occurred in older patients who had one or more recurrences of a previously excised conjunctival epithelial tumor located near the comeoscleral limbus. The intraocular recurrence often was heralded by the onset of low-grade inflammation and secondary glaucoma, simulating a granulomatous iridocyclitis. A white mass generally was observed in the anterior chamber angle. Histopathologic examination revealed an ingrowth of malignant epithelial cells through the limbus with diffuse involvement of the anterior segment of the eye. The reported patients were managed by modified enucleation (standard enucleation with excision of affected conjunctival tissue). Metastatic disease did not develop in any of the patients. CONCLUSIONS: The onset of signs of uveitis and glaucoma and a white mass in the anterior chamber angle in a patient with prior excision of a conjunctival squamous cell neoplasm tumor should raise suspicion of intraocular recurrence of conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma. Most affected patients require enucleation or subtotal orbital exenteration. The prognosis is good.
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keywords = neoplasm
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6/443. Major hepatectomy combined with pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy for middle bile duct cancer with multiple lymph node metastases: a case report of 5-year survival.

    Hepatopancreatoduodenectomy has been well established as an aggressive surgical approach for advanced biliary tract malignancy. However, long-term survival of more than 5 years after this operation is rarely reported, especially with bile duct carcinoma. We report herein a 64 year-old man with middle bile duct cancer who underwent extended right hepatectomy combined with pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy because of widespread intramural extension of the tumor. Resection margin, which is considered the most significant prognostic parameter, was made clear only by additional hepatectomy in this case. In addition, although microscopic examination revealed multiple lymph node involvement up to the superior mesenteric node, the patient has survived 5 years and 6 months without tumor recurrence. It remains unclear whether aggressive lymph node dissection may improve surgical outcome; however, it is thought that surgical clearance of potentially involved nodes and tissue may be the only chance for long-term survival.
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ranking = 0.027227632730059
keywords = malignancy
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7/443. A rare malformation of the pancreaticobiliary junction long common channel choledochal cyst and pancreas divisum in a patient with pancreatic cancer.

    Congenital variants of the pancreaticobiliary junction are rare anomalies that are usually diagnosed in childhood because of recurrent abdominal pain and jaundice. These lesions are associated with several pancreaticobiliary diseases including pancreatitis and malignancy. We observed a rare anomaly of the pancreaticobiliary tract with a combination of several ductal malformations, i.e., choledochal cyst, long common channel and incomplete pancreas divisum in a patient with pancreatic cancer.
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ranking = 0.027227632730059
keywords = malignancy
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8/443. plasmacytoma and upper airway obstruction.

    Extramedullary plasmacytomas are hematologic malignancies that occur primarily in the head and neck region. They usually involve the submucosal lymphoid tissue of the nasopharynx or paranasal sinuses and present as soft tissue masses, but have not been previously reported to cause airway obstruction. In general, detection of plasmacytoma antedates the eventual development of the systemic hematologic malignancy, multiple myeloma, by months or years. We describe a unique case of acute upper respiratory tract obstruction secondary to compression by an extramedullary plasmacytoma occurring in the neck of a patient with history of long-standing multiple myeloma. Upper airway obstruction may be a manifestation of untreated plasmacytoma. It is imperative for otolaryngologists and head and neck surgeons to be familiar with this entity because total excision, as well as radiation therapy, for plasmacytomas can be curative in patients without underlying overt plasma cell dyscrasias.
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ranking = 0.027227632730059
keywords = malignancy
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9/443. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour in the maxilla associated with von Recklinghausen's disease.

    Malignant transformation of neurofibromatosis is one of the most serious complications of von Recklinghausen's disease (VRD). The most common associated malignancy is the malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour (MPNST). Few cases of MPNST associated with VRD in the maxillary region have been reported. This report describes a rare case of MPNST in the maxilla and the aggressive nature of MPNST associated with VRD.
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ranking = 0.027227632730059
keywords = malignancy
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10/443. Multifocal granular cell tumor of the esophagus and proximal stomach with infiltrative pattern: a case report and review of the literature.

    The granular cell tumor is a solitary painless nodule that arises most commonly on the skin or the tongue. The vast majority are benign. Approximately 5% to 9% of granular cell tumors have been reported in the gastrointestinal tract, most commonly in the esophagus. We report a case of a 45-year-old African American woman with multifocal granular cell tumors of the esophagus and proximal stomach. Two lesions within the distal esophagus and proximal stomach were characteristic nodular granular cell tumors. Within the mid esophagus there was poorly defined transmural involvement by benign-appearing granular cells. This pattern of infiltration by benign cells is uncharacteristic. A review of the literature with emphasis on the determination of malignancy is also presented.
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ranking = 0.027227632730059
keywords = malignancy
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