Cases reported "Neoplasm Metastasis"

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1/30. Surgical treatment for recurrent tumors of primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus: a case report and review of the literature.

    The purpose of this communication is to present a case of resection performed for local recurrent tumors of primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus (PMME) and to review the relevant literature. The patient was a 54 year-old man who had received an intraabdominal esophagectomy with a total gastrectomy for primary malignant melanoma of the abdominal esophagus in another hospital, in November 1995. After the initial operation, he was treated as an outpatient. In August 1997, computed tomography and ultrasonography revealed recurrent tumors in the dorsal pancreatic lymph node and in the right adrenal gland. The recurrent tumor of the dorsal pancreas directly invaded the dorsal pancreas parenchyma and occluded the superior mesenteric vein and splenic vein, and the other metastatic tumor in the right adrenal gland existed in the absence of circumference invasion. Metastases of the PMME were confirmed in the dorsal pancreas, the superior mesenteric vein, splenic vein, and right adrenal gland, and were removed by a total pancreatectomy on October 7, 1997. By immunohistochemical staining, we found that the focal areas expressed S-100 protein and HMB-45 antibody. Currently (February 1998), the patient is alive and disease-free. PMME is an extremely rare tumor with a poor prognosis for survival. Only 2 cases of removal of recurrent tumors, including the present case, have been reported. The treatment of choice is surgical resection, even in cases of recurrence, because radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy have not been proven to be beneficial; however, they may play a palliative role if surgery is not possible.
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2/30. Metastasis to the esophagus.

    Tumor metastatic to the esophagus is a rare lesion. Two cases, primary in pancreas and rectum, are described. There are no distinguishing radiologic features.
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keywords = esophagus
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3/30. Metastases to the esophagus causing gastrointestinal bleeding.

    A case of hypernephroma metastatic to the esophagus and presenting with massive upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage is described. The literature on metastatic esophageal neoplasm is reviewed and the methods of spread and prognosis summarized.
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4/30. Metastatic malignant melanoma of the esophagus: a case report.

    This report documents the 4th case in the world literature of a malignant melanoma metastatic to the esophagus. The value of gallium scanning in the evaluation of known cancer patients is exemplified by this patient.
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keywords = esophagus
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5/30. Sarcoma of the thyroid gland: a case report.

    Sarcoma of the thyroid gland is a very uncommon malignant tumor (<1% of thyroid cancers) characterized by severe local course and rapid metastatic dissemination and very poor prognosis. We report the case of an 84-year-old woman hospitalized for expiratory dyspnea, severe malnutrition and swallowing disorders leading to bronchial infection. She had a voluminous (20 cm) extra-thoracic right-neck goiter with a considerable superficial venous pattern that had developed on an old goiter before growing recently. CEA and calcitonin levels were normal. The cervical-thoracic CT demonstrated a partially necrosed heterogeneously hypodense tumor compressing the esophagus and the trachea with displacement of adjacent structures which were not directly invaded. Large areas of necrosis and a probable metastatic image measuring 3 cm in the right median pulmonary lobe were observed. Macrobiopsy disclosed grade 3 sarcoma. Complete resection delivered a 3.170 kg tumor. histology confirmed the diagnosis of sarcoma without neoplastic extension. Apart from right recurrent palsy, the initial post-operative period was satisfactory and the patient was discharged. Four and a half months later she was rehospitalized with local recurrence with a large metastatis in the right lung. She died two weeks later.
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keywords = esophagus
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6/30. Pseudosarcoma and carcinosarcoma of the esophagus.

    Two cases of polypoid carcinoma with pseudosarcoma and one of so-called carcinosarcoma of the esophagus are presented. The clinical and morphologic characteristics of these tumors are described and the literature is reviewed. It is postulated that pseudosarcomas and so-called carcinosarcomas belong essentially to the same pathologic entity because of their similar morphologic and biologic aspects. The histogenesis of the sarcoma-like elements of these tumors support the theory of epithelial origin on the basis of the sarcoma-like transformation of squamous cell carcinoma and of the presence of epithelial elements in the "sarcomatous" areas.
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keywords = esophagus
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7/30. Use of LeVeen pleuroperitoneal shunt for refractory high-volume chylothorax.

    We present a case of intractable high-volume (> 2L/d) chylothorax after transhiatal esophagectomy treated successfully with the simultaneous insertion of both Denver (Denver Biomedical, Golden, CO) and LeVeen (Becton-Dickinson, Rutherford, NJ) pleuroperitoneal shunts. The patient initially had chemoradiotherapy for a T4N1 squamous cell carcinoma of the thoracic esophagus. Re-staging showed a dramatic shrinkage of tumor, and a transhiatal esophagectomy was performed. Sequential bilateral thoracotomies were performed on postoperative days 19 and 26 for attempted control of high-volume chylothorax, but these were unsuccessful. Subsequent pleuroperitoneal shunt insertion was used, which immediately controlled the effusion. A shunt study was performed shortly after hospital discharge, which showed an occluded Denver shunt and a patent LeVeen shunt. The patient succumbed to metastatic carcinoma 18 months after discharge, but no pleural effusion had recurred.
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keywords = esophagus
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8/30. esophageal perforation in a patient with metastatic breast cancer to esophagus.

    Esophageal metastasis from breast cancer is rare and can present after a long latency period. The middle and distal third of the esophagus are the most common sites and dysphagia (with or without stricture) is the most common presentation. Because of predominantly submucosal involvement, diagnosis is often difficult to establish until significant complications arise. We present the case of a patient with esophageal perforation due to dilatation treatments for dysphagia secondary to a distal stricture, later proven to be caused by esophageal metastasis from a breast cancer treated 19 years earlier.
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keywords = esophagus
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9/30. Anaplastic carcinoma of the esophagus. Report of three cases and their histogenetic consideration.

    The autopsies of three cases of esophageal anaplastic carcinoma with an oat cell pattern are presented. Grossly, each case revealed a fungating growth and showed extensive metastases all over the body. The histology bears a striking resemblance to that of oat cell carcinoma of the lung, occasionally showing rosette formation, mucin secretion, and intracytoplasmic argyrophil granules in each case. These peculiar carcinomas most probably were derived from the esophageal submucosal glands. They were composed of both a cell group of argyrophil variety and a group of mucus-secreting variety which may have originated from the more primitive cells capable of differentiation into either variety.
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keywords = esophagus
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10/30. chondrosarcoma of the esophagus.

    A 46-year-old man had a large noncalcified tumor in the wall of the thoracic esophagus narrowing its lumen by projection of numerous firm nodular masses. The pathologic diagnosis was chondrosarcoma. Malignant degeneration of a tracheobronchial cartilaginous remnant is the main consideration in this first recorded case of esophageal chondrosarcoma.
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keywords = esophagus
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