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1/20. Multiple nodular metastases in mesenteric panniculitis by uterine papillary serous adenocarcinoma (UPSC): CT appearance of a case.

    Intra-abdominal panniculitis is a thickening of the mesentery of the small/large intestine due to infiltration of lipid-laden macrophages associated with a variable amount of fibrosis. This condition is rarely associated with malignant neoplasms. We report the computed tomography (CT) findings of a patient treated for uterine papillary serous adenocarcinoma (UPSC). She had mesenteric panniculitis where metastatic tumor nodules implanted. This was the only intraperitoneal recurrence. To our knowledge, no such finding has been reported in the gynecologic and radiologic literature to date. On CT images, the differential diagnosis is with cystic dilatations of mesenteric lymph vessels.
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2/20. Systemic adoptive T-cell immunotherapy in recurrent and metastatic carcinoma of the head and neck: a phase 1 study.

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and toxic effects of systemic adoptive T-cell immunotherapy in patients with unresectable squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). DESIGN: Nonrandomized phase 1 clinical trial. SETTING: Academic tertiary care hospital. patients: Between April 1, 1996, and September 30, 1998, 17 patients with confirmed recurrent and metastatic SCC of the upper aerodigestive tract were enrolled. Two patients did not receive T cells because of poor vaccine response. Fifteen patients were successfully treated with T-cell immunotherapy. INTERVENTION: patients were vaccinated on the thigh with irradiated autologous tumor cells admixed with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) followed by 3 additional daily injections of GM-CSF at the vaccination site. Eight to 10 days later, tumor cell vaccine-draining inguinal lymph nodes were resected, and lymph node lymphocytes were activated with staphylococcal enterotoxin A and expanded in interleukin 2 in vitro. Resulting cultured cells were infused into patients peripherally on an outpatient basis. RESULTS: Toxic effects of infusion were limited to grade 2 reactions in 3 of 16 treatments. One patient required overnight hospitalization for fever and emesis. Median cell expansion was 37 times (range, 4-416 times), and median cell dose was 7.5 x 10(9) (range, 1.3 x 10(8) to 4.2 x 10(10)). Infused cells were predominantly CD3 (>97%), being a mixture of CD4 and CD8 cells. Three patients demonstrated stabilization of previously progressive disease. Two patients experienced favorable clinical courses after adoptive T-cell transfer, including 1 patient with no evidence of disease 4 years after surgical resection of a vertebral body metastasis. CONCLUSIONS: Adoptive immunotherapy is a technically feasible and safe treatment with low toxicity and may demonstrate therapeutic activity in patients with unresectable SCCHN.
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3/20. Unusual peripheral T cell lymphoma presenting as acute liver failure and reappearing in the liver allograft.

    A 25-year-old man presented with fulminant hepatic failure from an unusual peripheral T cell lymphoma involving the liver and spleen without lymphadenopathy. He underwent liver transplantation before establishing a definitive diagnosis and 21 days later, died from liver allograft failure because of recurrent lymphoma. In both the native liver and hepatic allograft, the lymphoma presented as a sparse cytologically atypical malignant infiltrate intermixed with numerous reactive macrophages, which showed marked angio- and epitheliotropism and irregular areas of coagulative necrosis. The malignant cells were CD3 / granzyme B /TIA1 /CD8-/CD56-/S100-- with variable staining for beta F1, CD5, and CD7. multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) showed rearrangement of the T cell receptor gamma chain gene in the native and transplanted liver and spleen. Even in the absence of a mass lesion or lymphadenopathy, peripheral T cell lymphoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of fulminant hepatic failure in young patients who show no evidence of viral or autoimmune diseases.
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4/20. Comparison of granulocyte-colony, stimulating factor and granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor in the treatment of chemotherapy extravasation ulcers.

    The results of perilesional granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor application in a patient with chemotherapy extravasation ulcers are reported. A 64-year-old patient with recurrent ovarian carcinoma was admitted to our department in February 1999. In June 1998, six cycles of chemotherapy were applied to the patient after surgery. At the first cycle, two ulcers appeared on both lower arms related to doxorubicin extravasation despite all interventions. When the patient was admitted to in our department, we observed an ulcer on the distal part of the right lower arm with a dimension of 1.5x2 cm and another on the proximal portion of the left lower arm with a dimension of 2.5x3 cm. Of those ulcers, the bigger and deeper one on the left was treated with weekly 400 mcg granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor subcutaneously for three weeks. The lesion completely disappeared in the fourth week. The other ulcer that was left for control on the right arm was treated with weekly 48 M.U. granulocyte-colony stimulating factor for four weeks. This ulcer did not reduce in size. As a result granulocyte-colony stimulating factor did not affect the healing of chemotherapy extravasation ulcers, as did granulocyte macrophage-stimulating factor.
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5/20. Pitfalls in imaging Hodgkin's disease with computed tomography and positron emission tomography using fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose.

    We report on a patient with Hodgkin's disease who presented with hypodense splenic lesions and corresponding increased glucose metabolism in FDG-PET imaging, four months after completion of initial treatment, suggestive of early relapse. Serological testing for toxoplasma gondii, however, showed evidence of a recently reactivated or newly acquired infection. Three weeks after immediate antibiotic treatment with Daraprime and Sulfadiazin, the splenic lesions had completely resolved. Additionally, serological titers for toxoplasma gondii were normalized and whole body FDG-PET imaging showed no metabolic activity. Although the positive predictive value of PET imaging to indicate lymphoma is reported to be higher than CT, hypermetabolic lesions are not specific for malignant tissue. Whereas benign tumors typically show low glucose metabolism, activated granulocytes and macrophages may display significantly increased glucose consumption. In conclusion, our case report shows that although therapeutic decisions are often based on the results of imaging modalities, the taking of a detailed history and the acquisition of histological confirmation of the suspected lymphoma relapse are also advisable where possible. Cellular immunodeficiency can result in severe infections even in patients with intermediate stage Hodgkin's lymphoma in remission after combined modality treatment. Therefore, despite the high sensitivity of FDG-PET imaging for the detection of recurrent lymphoma, the differential diagnosis of infectious lesions should be kept in mind, in particular in immunocompromised patients.
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6/20. immunotherapy with autologous dendritic cells and tumor-specific synthetic peptides for synovial sarcoma.

    Synovial sarcoma in an 11-year-old Japanese girl relapsed 5 months after autologous stem cell transplantation. Autologous dendritic cells (DCs) were generated from her peripheral blood mononuclear cells using granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor and IL-4. dendritic cells were pulsed with synthetic peptides containing a junctional region of SYT-SSX2 fusion protein generated by t(X;18) and were administered once per week. No side effects were observed. growth of metastatic nodules in the lung was temporally suppressed. The delayed-type hypersensitivity responses in skin were enhanced to tumor lysate but not to peripheral blood mononuclear cell lysate. The CD3 cells cultured with pulsed DCs lysed tumor cells in vitro. immunotherapy using DCs and tumor-specific peptides may be a safe approach in the treatment of childhood cancer.
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7/20. Ileal perforation caused by cytomegalovirus infection in a patient with recurrent gastric cancer: report of a case.

    We report a case of ileal perforation caused by cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in a patient with peritoneal recurrence of gastric cancer. Emergency laparotomy revealed a pinhole-sized perforation in a reddish segment of the small bowel, 100 cm proximal to the terminal ileum, and peritoneal carcinosis of recurrent gastric cancer invading the transverse colon and the gastrojejunal anastomosis of a Billroth-II procedure. The affected ileum was resected, a primary anastomosis was performed, and a colostomy was made in the ascending colon. The histology of the ileum revealed acute inflammation with vasculitis and CMV inclusions in the macrophages and endothelial cells and evidence of CMV on immunostaining. There was no evidence of cancer cell invasion or any other pathogens. Although the prognosis associated with bowel perforation due to CMV infection is poor, emergency surgery saved our patient's life.
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8/20. Cytologic features of NK/T-cell lymphoma.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the diagnostic cytologic features of NK/T-cell lymphoma. STUDY DESIGN: The cytologic features of 3 cases of natural killer cell (NK)/T-cell lymphoma were studied and correlated with histology. immunohistochemistry for CD56, T-cell intracellular antigen (TIA-1) and EBV-encoded small nuclear RNAs (EBER) in situ hybridization was reviewed. RESULTS: The lymphomas have mixed-sized cells with eccentric, round to ovoid nuclei; 1 or 2 prominent nucleoli; and abundant, clear to pale, eosinophilic cytoplasm. Mitotic figures, necrotic debris and tingible body macrophages are common accompaniments. In fluid, the lymphoma cells appear more shrunken. A clot section of 1 case was positive for CD56, TIA-1 and EBER. CONCLUSION: Helpful cytologic features for the diagnosis of NK/T-cell lymphoma are described. immunohistochemistry for CD56, TIA-1 and EBER in situ hybridization are very helpful adjuncts for the diagnosis.
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9/20. Painful spitz naevus sole of foot.

    A 21-year-old student of sports science presented with a 12-month history of a painful nodule on the sole of her left foot, which severely constrained her sporting activities. She was otherwise well. On examination there was a bluish pink 7-mm nodule on the arch of her left foot (Fig. 1). It was firm, exquisitely tender and she walked with a slight limp. The lesion was curetted and sent for histological diagnosis. The specimen showed a symmetrical wedge-shaped compound melanocytic lesion reaching the margins of the biopsy. The overlying epidermis was acanthotic and hyperkeratotic. Junctional nests were present and there was clefting between them and the epidermis (Fig. 2). Near the nests were eosinophilic globules (Kamino bodies) and pigment-laden macrophages. The lesion consisted of a mixture of large spindle and epithelioid cells with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm and plump nuclei with prominent nucleoli. There were a few mitoses but none was atypical. Single epithelioid melanocytes were present deep within the lesion (outlier cells) and there was maturation with depth in the dermis. The histological features were those of Spitz naevus. There was significant reduction in the severity of her pain after curettage but the pain subsequently recurred. In view of this and possible incomplete excision, the scar was re-excised with a narrow margin. histology confirmed complete excision of the residual naevus. Her symptoms have since subsided.
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10/20. ameloblastoma. diagnosis by means of FNAB. Report of two cases.

    INTRODUCTION: Ameloblastomas are the most frequent odontogenic tumors of the maxilla. In spite of their benign cytohistological appearance, they behave as invasive recurring tumors, with the possibility of metastasis. FNAB is a rapid, bloodless test that provides a pre-surgical diagnosis, thus, on occasions avoiding the need for diagnostic biopsies. We present the cytological characteristics of two cases of jugal recurrences of mandibular ameloblastomas diagnosed by FNAB, as well as their cytohistological correlation. CLINICAL CASES: Two patients, a 36-year-old woman, and a 62-year-old male who both attended with mandibular swelling of a few months evolution. In both cases the first diagnostic approximation was the histological study of the tumoral mass, together with the radiological studies. Following therapeutic extirpation both cases recurred. The diagnosis of the recurrences was established cytologically by means of FNAB. The cytologic smears revealed a granular background with isolated macrophages and giant multinucleate cells and an abundant epithelial cellularity of basaloid appearance arranged in cohesive groups forming images of peripheral palidasing, as well as small groups of squamous metaplastic cells. DISCUSSION: FNAB is considered to be a rapid, bloodless and reliable method for the diagnosis of ameloblastoma. The cytology of these tumors reveals components of the lesion that, in general, are sufficient for the diagnosis of ameloblastoma, especially in cases of recurrence.
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